Just stumbled across this article that I found interesting as both a former economics major, someone who travels alot and someone who works in the business services sector. Basically, this is a study that looked at cities and tried to put a face on how "international" they are in their reach with regards to business. The findings (based on the number of "global" business services companies in accounting, banking, law and advertising) are as follows:
A. ALPHA WORLD CITIES
12: London, Paris, New York, Tokyo
10: Chicago, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, Los Angeles, Milan, Singapore
B. BETA WORLD CITIES
9: San Francisco, Sydney, Toronto, Zurich
8: Brussels, Madrid, Mexico City, Sao Paulo
7: Moscow, Seoul
C. GAMMA WORLD CITIES
6: Amsterdam, Boston, Caracas, Dallas, Dusseldorf, Geneva, Houston, Jakarta, Johannesburg, Melbourne, Osaka, Prague, Santiago, Taipei, Washington
5: Bangkok, Beijing, Montreal, Rome, Stockholm, Warsaw
4: Atlanta, Barcelona, Berlin, Buenos Aires, Budapest, Copenhagen, Hamburg, Istanbul, Kuala Lumpur, Manila, Miami, Minneapolis, Munich, Shanghai
D. EVIDENCE OF WORLD CITY FORMATION
Di Relatively strong evidence
3: Athens, Auckland, Dublin, Helsinki, Luxembourg, Lyon, Mumbai, New Delhi, Philadelphia, Rio de Janeiro, Tel Aviv, Vienna
Dii Some evidence
2: Abu Dhabi, Almaty, Birmingham, Bogota, Bratislava, Brisbane, Bucharest, Cairo, Cleveland, Cologne, Detroit, Dubai, Ho Chi Minh City, Kiev, Lima, Lisbon, Manchester, Montevideo, Oslo, Rotterdam, Riyadh, Seattle, Stuttgart, The Hague, Vancouver
Diii Minimal evidence
1: Adelaide, Antwerp, Arhus, Baltimore, Bangalore, Bologna, Brazilia, Calgary, Cape Town, Colombo, Columbus, Dresden, Edinburgh, Genoa, Glasgow, Gothenburg, Guangzhou, Hanoi, Kansas City, Leeds, Lille, Marseille, Richmond, St Petersburg, Tashkent, Tehran, Tijuana, Turin, Utrecht, Wellington
Here's a map of the world according to the global cities: World Cities Map.
Not sure if anyone else will find this as interesting as I did, but I am a fan of cities and shiny sky-scrapers and dream of working "abroad" in the near future (and by that I don't mean the USA, 'cause I have done that enough in the past 10 years), it was very interesting to me.
Not sure if anyone else will find this as interesting as I did...
What happened to #11?
And Montreal grouped together with Warsaw? What, he only visited the airport?
Now Greg, don't be that way....it just takes longer for some of us to form thoughts.......
All I see is a bunch of dots......
However, here in the USofA, Upper Midwest to focus more, Chicago to Rockford corridor along Interstate 90 to get quite detailed......the amount of urban and suburban sprawl is amazing. These are the two largest cities in Illinois (not including several Chicago suburbs), separated by 70 miles. There will be a day, I'm guessing withing 20 years, that these two cities will be one. And Chicago will also likely merge with Milwaukee to the North....it will be one giant mess of urban and suburban insanity.
Must discuss finding a realtor soon....
I found this at the bottom of the report.
Edited and posted on the web on 28th July 1999
i saw a few shows on global cities a few months back, but not sure whether it's on discovery or national geographic channel. it was interesting no doubt.
Interesting, yes, from both a personal and professional perspective (we've comiled similar statistics in the past with vaguely similar-ish results). Having said that, being 6 or 7 years old, things will certainly have changed since then, at least lower down the level.
A few interesting ones I found surprisingly high, and a few surprisingly low, whilst there are a also a handful of curious ommissions (could be that they just don't reach any level) compared to some of those listed.
I was aware that the report was close to 10 years old. I figured that out when I was reading about the accounting firms and thinking to myself, "hey, that's not there anymore!"
I imagine there has probably been a lot of change in the bottom - I bet that a few of the asian cities have moved up, and it wouldn't surprise me to see some of the North American and European cities to have moved down.
After reading this I was wondering if there is a architectural or other physical indicator of a "global city?" I have gotten very interested as of late in modern architecture and transit planning, just as a layperson, mind you. Toronto is going through a bit of growing pains recently, and so it's interesting to imagine where we might end up in a few years.
The following article was just posted on the Toronto Star, that lists Toronto has the runner-up NORTH AMERICAN CITY OF THE FUTURE!
The survey was run by Foreign Direct Investment, the business magazine of the Financial Times of London ranking of North America's Cities of the Future.
Researchers took more than six months to assess cities on their potential to attract investment projects.
Cities were grouped in four categories, according to population, and rated on seven criteria: Economic potential, cost effectiveness, human resources, quality of life, infrastructure, business friendliness and development and investment promotion.
NORTH AMERICAN CITIES OF THE FUTURE
1. Chicago, Ill., USA
2. Toronto, Ont., Canada
3. Pittsburgh, Pa., USA
4. Atlanta, Ga., USA
5. Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
6. Baltimore, Mld., USA
7. Montreal, Que., Canada
8. Mexico City, Federal District, Mexico
9. Boston, Mass., USA
10. Miami, Fla., USA