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immunisations required?

Travel Forums Central/South America & The Caribbean immunisations required?

1. Posted by glenn765 (Budding Member 34 posts) 9y


Well where off to South America next year, including peru equador, bolivia, brazil and chilli.
What immunisation shots are required?
Any help would be appreciated


2. Posted by Eleniki (Full Member 125 posts) 9y

If you go to Travellers' Health under General Talk on this site, you should find the relevant links to give you all the information you need. Helen

3. Posted by Isadora (Travel Guru 13926 posts) 9y

I highly recommend receiving the Hep A&B, Typhoid and Yellow Fever vaccinations. Unless you will be spending most of your time in rural areas and/or working with wildlife, then you can skip the rabies vaccinations.

CDC - Tropical S. America Recommendations

Hep A&B are always good to receive no matter where you travel.
Hepatits A is transmitted from person to person, contact with contaminated foods and/or untesils, etc. Local eateries and street vendors are prime for transmitting Hep A.
Hepatitis B is transmitted through blood and bodily fluids. Though highly recommended for those working in the medical field, it is also beneficial for the traveler to also consider this vaccination. No one wants to experience an accident while traveling but accidents do happen. Hep B will prove itself worthwhile if you should need medical attention while away from home.

CDC - Hepatitis A
CDC - Hepatitis B

Typhoid is not a required vaccination for traveling but it is a good one to have on board. You can either take the one dose injection or the four dose oral vaccine. The oral will be taken as one pill every other day, ending at least one week prior to your travels. You will have to keep the pills refrigerated so they do not lose potency and can not be taken with liquids warmer than 37C as higher temperatures will inactivate the vaccine. It is recommended having the injectible at least two weeks prior to travel. Typhoid is transmitted through contaminated food and water. It will not give 100% immunity to the disease but will protect you against mild infection and lessen the severity/recovery time of the disease. (There have been members who have contracted typhoid fever and very happy they were immunized before their trips.)

CDC - Typhoid

You may need to show proof of Yellow Fever immunization when entering these countries as some are considered endemic areas. There does not seem to be a lot of consistency on who they ask to provide proof and who they don't - basically it's the "luck of the draw".

CDC - Yellow Fever
Yellow Fever Endemic Area Map - S. America

I would recommend anti-malarials also though many other travelers will say you will not need them. If you chose to take them, Doxycycline is very effective for the areas you will be visiting. It is inexpensive, well-tolerated and has few side effects. It can cause an increase sensitivity to the sun - quicker and more severe sunburn - but this can be countered with a higher SPF factor in your sunscreen. Doxycycline should be taken during the day, or at least one hour before bedtime to avoid possible reflux (heartburn).

CDC - Malaria

I hope this helps and enjoy the adventure! If you would like more information, please send a PM to me and I will be happy to help. ;)