I will be studying in Spain in the fall this year. I have already obtained a Student Visa (type D) as my duration of stay is more than 90 days. I want to be able to travel across Europe while I am there, and so will be applying for a Shengen Visa (I'm an Indian national and need to apply for the Shengen Visa).
My questions are:
1. Will my stay in Spain (on a valid type D student visa) be counted against my 90 day limit on the Schengen Visa?
2. If my stay in Spain is not counted against my 90 day Shengen limit, how do the authorities assess how much time I've spent in Spain and how much in other Shengen countries?
3. I understand that I need to apply for the Shengen in the consulate of the country that is my main destination. In my case, that is Spain, for which I already have a valid student visa. So, should i still apply for the Shengen at the Spanish consulate or would any other country's consulate work? Are there any specific pros and cons associated with either option?
Destination: Spain (as a student); Rest of EU (as a tourist)