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Adelaide, referred to by many Australians as the 'city of churches' is the capital of South Australia and with a little over 1.1 million inhabitants, home to nearly 70% of all people living in the state and Australia's fifth largest city. With a nickname originating from the settlement of the area and the desire to create a dignified city, it is a surprise to many that today pubs and nightclubs outnumber the churches.
Adelaide is located on the coast, the southern side of South Australia, and the area surrounding Adelaide is popular for surfing. The city is well laid out, with plenty of parks, gardens, wide boulevards and large public squares to give it a spacious and overall relaxing feel. Adelaide is known for its many festivals, arts and sports. With it's location plump in the center of the wine regions of McLaren Vale, the Barossa Valley and Clare Valley, Adelaide is also an opportune location from which to undertake day-trips to the many vineyards in the surrounding areas.
Adelaide's climate in general is a pleasant one, with warm and dry summers and relatively mild winters. The summermonths from November to March can even be hot, with temperatures rising to 45 °C on some days. Usually though it is around a more pleasant 30 °C. During the wintermonths of June to August average daytime temperatures are around 20 °C with cool nights. This is also when the city sees some more rain compared to summer. Spring and autum are pleasant times to visit, withouth having to cope with severe heat.
|Avg Max||29.2 °C||29.5 °C||26.5 °C||22.7 °C||19 °C||16.1 °C||15.3 °C||16.6 °C||19 °C||21.8 °C||25.2 °C||26.9 °C|
|Avg Min||17.1 °C||17.2 °C||15.3 °C||12.5 °C||10.2 °C||8.1 °C||7.5 °C||8.2 °C||9.7 °C||11.4 °C||14 °C||15.5 °C|
|Rainfall||19.7 mm||12.8 mm||26.5 mm||39.3 mm||61.1 mm||79.9 mm||76.9 mm||69.9 mm||58.6 mm||41.5 mm||30.3 mm||30.1 mm|
Adelaide Airport (ADL) is located about 8 kilometres from the city centre and is the main gateway to South Australia. The airport has international connections with Auckland, Hong Kong, Kuala Lumpur and Singapore. Several domestic and regional carriers operate flights to Melbourne, Brisbane, Canberra, Hobart, Sydney and several regional centres. A few budget airlines like Tiger Airways, Virgin Australia and Jetstar operate budget flights on the Melbourne-Adelaide route as well as services from several other cites.
To/from the airport
Adelaide is part of the cross-country train network, with regular departures to and from Sydney and Melbourne. Its location on the southern coast, as the last large city before the desert heading north and west, make it a crucial connecting point for trains in both those directions. This makes it nearly impossible to take the train to Perth or Alice Springs and further north without going through Adelaide.
One of the world's most famous train routes, The Ghan travels between Adelaide and Darwin (via Alice Springs), 3000 kilometres to the north. The train departs twice weekly and takes about 48 hours to reach the final destination.
The The Indian Pacific train crosses the Nullabor Plain connecting Adelaide west to Perth and east to Sydney. Trains run twice weekly in both directions, the trip to Perth taking the longest.
The Overland links Adelaide with Melbourne 3 times a week in both directions.
All the cross-country bus networks stop in Adelaide, so getting to and from Adelaide by bus is straightforward, albeit slow. As with the trains, this is the last major stop before heading north to Alice Springs or west to Perth through the desert.
If you are travelling to Adelaide from Melbourne, you can choose to either catch one of the large bus companies which will travel along the somewhat dull Western/Dukes Highway or opt for a smaller bus company which might be able to offer trips along the stunning Great Ocean Road instead.
Adelaide's city centre and inner suburbs like Glenelg, Norwood and Prospect are easily traversed walking and using public transport. However, if you are expecting to spend a lot of time outside of the CBD or you are planning a trip to a wine region, a car is useful to avoid long trips on public transport or in the case of the Barossa Valley, to get around at all.
Unlike other Australian state capitals, Adelaide does not have a network of freeways leading directly into the city centre. The freeways that exist begin in the outer suburbs and are for the purpose of carrying traffic to the nearby country towns. Speed limits on most major roads are signposted at 60km/h, though the default speed limit is 50km/h if no speed limit is posted. Speed limits are strictly enforced, and even creeping ever so slightly above the speed limit may earn you a ticket with a $350 fine.
All of Adelaide's roads as well as those throughout South Australia are toll free.
You can rent a car from the airport or downtown Adelaide. There are plenty of companies you could choose to hire a car from, including Avis, Budget, Europcar, Hertz and Thrifty. Car hire is often not available to drivers under 25, or if it is, it's more expensive for younger drivers.
Adelaide Metro provides train, tram and bus services throughout Adelaide.
Single trip tickets with unlimited transfers for two hours are sold on buses, trams and at major train stations for $5 peak and $3.00 off peak. Alternatively, a $9.10 daytrip ticket is available, allowing unlimited travel within the Adelaide Metro area for an entire day.
Travellers in Adelaide for longer than a couple of days should buy a Metrocard for $10 which comes with $5 of value included. Trips on Metrocard cost $3.19 peak and $1.75 off peak. Metrocards are sold at major train stations (Adelaide, Elizabeth, Gawler, Noarlunga Centre, Oaklands, Mawson Lakes and Salisbury) as well as most newsagents and corner stores. A list of locations is on the Adelaide Metro website. Metrocards can be topped up wherever they are sold as well as on trains and trams using coins or major credit cards.
There is also a $25 visitors pass that can be used for unlimited travel on the network for 3 days. After the 3 day period, the pass can be topped up and used just like a normal metrocard.
The City centre is relatively compact and can be easily covered on foot. Most attractions are centred around the blocks between North Terrace and Victoria Square on either side of King William Street. The core Rundle Mall shopping district is entirely pedestrianised. The Gouger Street precinct and the Adelaide Central Market are also great destinations for a walking traveller.
Travellers keen to keep up on jogging while away can use popular jogging tracks along the River Torrens and through the Parklands.
Bikes are available all around the CBD and at Glenelg.
Bicycle SA, 111 Franklin St (Just to the North-West of the main Bus Station), ☎ +61 8 8168-9999. Operates a free bike hire service sponsored by a group of inner city councils. Bikes are available from more than 10 locations across the City and the inner suburbs for free, but must be returned M-F before 16:30 or 17:00 weekends or a $25 fee is payable. Arrangements can be made for bicycles to be hired overnight for an additional fee but all hires are stopped if temperatures are forecast to top 38 °C. A list of locations for hire is listed on Bicycle SA's website Bikes are step thru-models with front baskets and a sturdy rear carrier (but you'll need to provide bungy straps or lashings). Front calliper brake, rear brake is an annoying back-pedal arrangement. Shimano 3 speed hub gear. They'll also supply you with a long sturdy combination lock and cycle helmet when you leave some photo ID.
A popular ride is to ride from the city centre along the River Torrens out to West Beach, then down to Glenelg and back. You cannot take your bike on the Glenelg Tram or any bus, even outside peak hour, however you can take them on trains. An alternative to taking the tram back from Glenelg is to ride a further 20 minutes south along the coast to Brighton Station on the Noarlunga Centre Line where there are reasonably frequent trains back to Adelaide.
Adelaide has many places to eat. High-end dining options include places like:
Adelaide also has its own market in the CBD. The Adelaide market is a labyrinth of small shops, green grocers, bakeries, butchers and fish shops. The market is also connected to Chinatown, with its hundreds of small Asian inspired restaurants.
There are pubs and bars dotted all around the CBD, but a few districts are worth singling out. Rundle Street and its neighbouring area known simply as "The East End" have a number of popular pubs. Hindley St used to be notorious as the seedy home of Adelaide's strip clubs and bikie bars, but it, and "The West End" have undergone a renaissance. The eastern end of Hindley Street is more mainstream, whereas the western end, west of Morphett Street has a few trendier and more alternative venues. The seedy places are still there, but so too is a university campus and a number of trendy bars and clubs. Also important are Gouger Street and its many restaurants but with an increasing number of bars and pubs. O'Connell Street is home to a few of North Adelaide's popular pubs.
There are also many bars in the suburbs of Adelaide which usually are busier on Thursday and Friday evenings. Quite a lot of the locals will go to the hotels in the suburbs on Thursday and Friday evenings, and go into the Adelaide CBD on Saturday evenings.
Smoking in pubs and clubs is banned under South Australian law. Many drinking establishments have outdoor areas where smoking is permitted.
|Adelaide Travellers Inn||220 Hutt street Adelaide||Hostel||73|
|Adelaide's Shakespeare International Backpackers||123 Waymouth Street||HOSTEL||77|
|Annie's Place Adelaide||239 Franklin Street||Hostel||-|
|Backpack Oz||144 Wakefield St||Hostel||81|
|BIG 4 Adelaide Shores Caravan Resort||PO Box 69, Glenelg||Campsite||-|
|Blue Galah Backpackers Hostel||Level 1 / 62 King William Street||Hostel||72|
|Glenelg Beach Hostel||1-7 Moseley Street Glenelg||Hostel||79|
|Hostel 109||109 Carrington St||Hostel||77|
|Kiwi Lodge||262-266 Hindley Street||Hostel||-|
|My Place Adelaide Backpackers Hostel||257 Waymouth St||Hostel||-|
|Sunny's Adelaide Backpackers Hostel||139 Franklin St||Hostel||77|
|Tatts Backpackers Adelaide City||17 Hindley Street||Hostel||61|
|The Guest House||134 Wakefield St||Hostel||76|
|The Quality Hotel Old Adelaide||160 O'Connel Street||Hotel||-|
|The Gums B and B||6 Patricia Street||Guesthouse||-|
|Majestic Roof Garden Hotel||55 Frome Street Adelaide||Hotel||-|
|Raglans Backpackers||92 Franklin Street||Hostel||-|
|Ambassadors Hotel Adelaide||107 King William St Adelaide||Hotel||-|
|Adelaide Central YHA||135 Waymouth Street||HOSTEL||82|
|Our House Backpackers||33 Gilbert Place||Hostel||-|
|Adelaide Backpackers Inn||112 Carrington Street||Hostel||75|
|Adelaide Motel and Backpackers||262 Hindley Street||HOSTEL||66|
|CBD Hostel & Backpackers||23 Hindley street||HOSTEL||-|
Internet cafés are very common in the larger Australian cities and popular tourist destinations. However, once you leave the major population centres, you might have trouble finding somewhere to log on. Free wifi is getting more and more common (either with or without a code) in places like restaurants, some bars and coffee places and hotels. Sometimes a fee is required.
See also: International Telephone Calls
Australia is on a GSM 900/1800 network, so if you have an unlocked phone that works on those frequencies, you will be able to buy a prepaid SIM-card and stick into your phone when you're in Australia. You will receive a new Australian phone number with the SIM-card.
To dial out of Australia use the prefix 0011, followed by the calling code of the country you are trying to reach, followed by the area code of the city/town (without the 0!) and finally the phone number.
Within Australia, it is necessary to add an area code to the phone numbers if you are calling from outside the area. Below are Australia's area codes:
000 is the emergency telephone number in Australia, but the international GSM mobile emergency telephone number 112 also works on mobile phones.
Australia Post is the government's postal service. Most suburbs will have at least one post office. Opening times are mostly from around 8:00 or 9:00am to 5:00pm though larger ones keep longer hours sometimes. A standard letter or postcard sent within Australia will cost $0.60. Internationally, it costs $1.70 to send postcards anywhere in the world. Letters cost $1.85 to send within the Asia Pacific region and $2.60 to anywhere else in the world.. It is also possible to send things as parcels or by express mail. You can also use use private courier companies like TNT, UPS or DHL as they are competitive and reliable.
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