Aguascalientes is one of the 31 states in Mexico. It is divided in 11 municipalities and its capital city is Aguascalientes. It is located in North-Central Mexico. It is bordered by the states of Zacatecas to the north and Jalisco to the south. Its name means "hot waters" in Spanish and originated from the abundance of hot springs in the area. The corresponding demonym for the state and its inhabitants is hidrocálido or aguascalentense.
The state is located about 480 kilometres from Mexico City in the macroregion of El Bajio, specifically the Bajio Occidental (western Bajio).
It covers 5,471 square kilometres, or 0.3% of the area of the country, and has a little more than one million inhabitants. Most of its inhabitants live in the densely populated metropolitan area of its capital city. The state as it is now was created on October 27, 1857 when it was separated from Zacatecas after the tale says that the wife of the governor of the state promised to give a kiss to the President of the time, in exchange for the separation of Aguascalientes from Zacatecas, which explains the shape of a kiss the state has. It bears the name Aguascalientes taken from its largest city and capital also called Aguascalientes.
The state mostly has a semi-arid climate, except in the southeastern and northeastern parts where the climate is wetter and cooler. Mean annual temperature of the state is around 17 to 18 °C in which May and June are the hottest months with mean temperatures between 22 to 23 °C. In these months, temperatures can exceed 30 °C. January is the coldest month, averaging 13 to 14 °C with temperatures dropping down to 4 °C. Frosts frequently occur from November to February. Mean rainfall is low, averaging 526 mm and is mostly concentrated in summer with winters being dry.
Lic. Jesús Terán Peredo International Airport (IATA: AGU, ICAO: MMAS), also known as Aguascalientes International Airport, serves Aguascalientes. There are flights to/from Mexico City, Dallas, Monterrey, Tijuana, Puerto Vallarta, Cancun (seasonal), Houston and Los Angeles.
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