Ambon is an island and part of the Maluku Islands of Indonesia. The island has an area of 775 km2, and is mountainous, well watered, and fertile. Ambon Island consists of two territories: the main city and seaport is Ambon, which is also the capital of Maluku province, and Maluku Tengah.
Ambon Island lies off the southwest coast of the much larger Seram island. It is on the north side of the Banda Sea, part of a chain of volcanic islands that encircle the sea. It is 51 kilometres long and is of very irregular shape, being almost divided in two. The southeastern and smaller portion, a peninsula (called Leitimor) is connected to the northern (Hitoe) by a narrow neck of land. The highest mountains, Wawani 1,100 metres and Salahutu 1,225 metres, have hot springs and solfataras. They are volcanoes, and the mountains of the neighboring Uliaser islands, extinct volcanoes. Wild areas of Ambon Island are covered by tropical rainforest, part of the Seram rain forests ecoregion, together with neighboring Seram. Seram, Ambon, and most of Maluku are part of Wallacea, the group of Indonesian islands that are separated by deep water from both the Asian and Australian continents, and have never been linked to the continents by land.
The average temperature is 27 °C, rarely falling below 22 °C. Rainfall can be heavy, especially after the eastern monsoons, and the island is vulnerable to violent typhoons. The dry season (October to April) is coincident with the period of the west monsoon.
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