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Travel Guide Europe Turkey Central Anatolia Ankara





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Ankara, Turkey's capital and second largest city, has a long history. It was first made a capital by the Galatians in the 3rd century BC, before being conquered by various armies through the ages. Kemal Atatürk made it the base for the War of Liberation and as a consequence of that role and its strategic location, it was made capital of the new Turkish Republic in 1923. Visitors to the city can learn all about Atatürk at his mausoleum, Anitkabir. The various Roman and Galatian ruins in Ankara offer further evidence of the importance this city has had through the ages.



Sights and Activities

  • Anıtkabir, Atatürk’s mausoleum.
  • The Museum of Anatolian Civilizations houses a collection of Neolithic, Paleolithic, Chalcolithic, Lydian, Hatti, Phrygian, Hittite, Urartian and Roman works.
  • The Ethnographical Museum has a good collection of folkloric artifacts. (Open Tue-Sun).
  • The Ankara Citadel lies in the oldest part of Ankara. Its foundations were laid by the Galatians, before the Romans completed it.
  • The Temple of Augustus is a Corinthian style temple, dating to the 1st century BC. It was dedicated to Emperor Augustus at the start of the 1st century AD.
  • The Roman Bath, in Ulus on Cankiri Av, dates back to the 3rd century.
  • The Column of Julian dates to the 4th century, most likely commemorating a visit by Emperor Julian the Apostate.
  • Haci Bayram Mosque was built in the 15th century in honour of Haci Bayram Veli.
  • Rahmi Koc Industrial Museum.



Events and Festivals

Ankara International Film Festival

The Ankara Film Festival is a wonderful event held in Turkey’s capital. Each year during the month of March, travelers, film-buffs, directors, and acclaimed actors from across the globe come to Ankara for screenings at venues around the city.




Ankara, like most areas in the higher central parts of the country, experiences a continental climate similar to that of Eastern Europe and Central Asia, though slightly less extreme in winter and drier in summer compared to the eastern part of Turkey.
Winters are cold and snowy and last from December to March with around 0 °C during the day and around -5 °C at night, though -31 °C has been recorded in winter. Summers are hot and dry and last from June to September with around 26 °C to 30 °C during the day and 12 °C at night, though it can reach 35 °C. Precipitation is low, but precipitation can be observed throughout the year, with around 50 mm of precipitation (as snow in winter) on average in April, May and December which are twice that of June, July and August, which have only few days with rain. Due to Ankara's high altitude and dry climate, daily temperatures in the summer are quite pleasant and nightly temperatures are cool.

Avg Max4.1 °C5.9 °C11.1 °C17.3 °C22.2 °C26.4 °C29.9 °C30 °C25.8 °C20 °C12.9 °C6.3 °C
Avg Min-3.5 °C-2.8 °C0.2 °C5.1 °C9.4 °C12.6 °C15.4 °C15.4 °C11.3 °C6.8 °C2.4 °C-0.9 °C
Rainfall38.8 mm35.1 mm36.7 mm41.8 mm51.1 mm33.8 mm14.6 mm10.9 mm16.8 mm25.8 mm31.4 mm45.7 mm
Rain Days12.311.310.811.



Getting There

By Plane

Ankara's Esenboğa International Airport (ESB) is located 28 kilometres from the centre of Ankara. Turkish Airlines has a secondary hub at the airport and is the dominant airline. Condor Airlines, BMI, Austrian Airlines and Lufthansa are among a handful of international airlines that serve the airport.

To/from the airport
The airport is connected with the city centre and Ankara Intercity Bus Terminal by EGO city bus number 442 (from 6:00am to 11:00pm). Transportation to the city center is also by taxi. A taxi ride to the city's centre costs 80 YTL or more one way. Alternatively, Havaş airport buses cost 10 YTL (US$8/€6) and take about 45 minutes to make the journey. Many consider the buses more comfortable than the taxis!

By Train

Turkish Railways has several rail connections between Ankara and Istanbul and Ankara going east towards Kayseri, Erzurum and other cities. The train to Tehran in Iran stops in Ankara as well.

By Bus

Varan and Ulusoy are just a few of dozens of companies offering bus travel to and from Ankara to numerous destinations throughout Turkey. On Otogar, you can check national bus companies and tickets online.





  • Bilkent Student Guest Houses & Dorms.
Ankara Madi HotelRuzgarli caddesi 19 Ulus 06030 Ankara TRHotel-
Ankara Ogulturk HotelRuzgarli Esdost Sokak No. 6 Ulus / AnkaraHotel-
Deniz Atlanta HotelNecatibey Caddesi No:28Hotel-
Sahinbey HotelAlatas sokak hisarpark cadde UlusHotel-
Ankara Capital HotelCankiri Caddesi No 21 UlusHotel-
Avalon Hotel58 Cankiri CaddesiHotel-
Ankara Madi Inci HotelCankiri Caddesi 54 Ulus 06030 AnkaraHotel67
Ankara Akya HotelKaranfil Sokak No : 9 KizilayHotel-
Hotel HoustonGuniz Sokak No.26 KavaklidereHotel-
Ankara Duman HotelCankiri Caddesi Orta Sokak Nr: 7 UlusHotel-
Ankara Grand MidyatMesrutiyet Caddesi Karanfil Sokak Nr:22 KizilayHostel-
Ankara Asmin HotelCankiri Caddesi Kapi Sokak 76Hotel-
Suna HotelÇankırı Caddesi, Soğukkuyu Sokak, No 6, UlusHotel63
CITY HOTEL&RESIDENCEoyak 2 cad. 412 st. no:8 çankayaHotel-
Royal Carine HotelÇankırı cad. No : 16Hotel-
Ankara Baskent HotelIstanbul Caddesi No.: 28Hotel-
Ankara Almer HotelDoğanbey Mh., Çankırı Caddesi 17Hotel-
Ankara Akpinar HotelSakarya Mh. Ulucanlar Caddesi No:68 CebeciHotel-
Ankara Uzun Jolly HotelYildirim Beyazit Meydani No:1 DiskapiHotel-
Ankara Cicek HotelÇankiri Caddesi No:56 UlusHotel-
Ankara Uzun Jolly HotelYildirim Beyazit Meydani No:1 DiskapiHotel-
Ankara Princess HotelZiya Gokalp Caddesi No 8 KizilayHotel-
Ankara Etap Bulvar HotelOlgunlar Cad No:4 Bakanlıklar KızılayHotel-
Ankara Han HostelCamlitepe Mah. Erdem Sok. No.28 CebeciHostel-
Deeps HostelAtac 2 sk. No 46 Kizilay CankayaHOSTEL84
Rescate Boutique HotelRabindranath Tagore Cad. (4.Cadde) No:80 YildizHotel-
Ilgaz Armar Ski ResoKadınçayı Mevkii Yıldıztepe KaHotel-


  • Hotel Dedeman Ankara.
  • Radisson SAS Hotel Ankara.
  • Swissotel.
  • Ramada Ankara.
  • King Hotel Gankaya.
  • Ankara Gold Hotel.
  • Allstar Ickale Hotel.


  • Asya KIzIlcahamam Termal Tatil Koyu.
  • Sheraton Hotel & Convention Center.
  • Alatimya Village.
  • Ankara HiltonSa.
  • Buyuk Anadolu Hotel.
  • Surmeli Ankara Hotel.
  • Etap Altinel Hotel.
  • Esenbooa Airport Hotel.
  • Bilkent Hotel and Conference Center.
  • Aktif Metropolitan Hotel.
  • Gordion Hotel.




Keep Connected


Internet cafes can be found everywhere except small rural villages. The cost of an hour use of internet ranges from 1 YTL to 1.5 YTL. Wireless internet is becoming popular in some cafes in big cities such as Istanbul, Ankara, and Izmir, and at airpots. But in many other places it's still not available, or sometimes at a very high cost.


See also: International Telephone Calls

Turkey's international country code is 90. Dial 112 for an ambulance anywhere, from any telephone, without a charge. In case of a fire, dial 110; for police, call 155. However, in rural areas there is not a police coverage, so dial 156 for gendarme, a military unit for rural security. All these numbers are free of charge and can be called from a telephone booth without inserting a calling card, or any phone including cell phones.

There are telephone booths owned by Turk Telekom in major parts of cities. public phones now operate with chip telekom cards which are available in 30, 60 or 120 units and can be obtained at post offices, newspaper and tobacco kiosks.
It is estimated that approximately 98% of the population of Turkey lives within the coverage areas of Turkey’s three cell phone line providers. Line providers from most countries have roaming agreements with one or more of these companies. Pre-paid mobile phone SIM cards can be purchased for approximately TRY20-50. These can be purchased at the airport on arrival or from the many outlets in Istanbul and other large cities. Providers include Vodaphone.


PTT is the national post service in Turkey. Services are generally moderately fast but quite reliable. There is an extended price list on the PTT website, where you can see the costs of sending items within Turkey, countries in Europe and further afield. For sending packages one might also use international companies such as DHL and UPS and local companies such as Yurtici Kargo. Post offices bear the distinctive yellow PTT sign and are generally open between 9:00am to 12:00 noon and 1:30pm to 5:00pm from Monday to Friday. Some might keep longer hours or be open during the weekend as well, but this mainly applies to the larger ones or those in central places and tourist areas.

Quick Facts


  • Latitude: 39.943873
  • Longitude: 32.856034


as well as Hien (6%), Kurusu (4%)

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This is version 35. Last edited at 13:34 on Nov 17, 15 by Utrecht. 39 articles link to this page.

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