Skip Navigation

Travel Guide Europe Greece Attica

edit

Introduction

Attica is an administrative region that encompasses the entire metropolitan area of Athens, the capital of Greece. The region is coextensive with the former Attica Prefecture of Central Greece, but covers a greater area than the historical region of Attica.

Top

edit

Geography

Located on the eastern edge of Central Greece, Attica covers about 3,808km2. In addition to Athens, it contains within its area the cities of Piraeus, Eleusis, Megara, Laurium, and Marathon, as well as a small part of the Peloponnese peninsula and the islands of Salamis, Aegina, Poros, Hydra, Spetses, Kythira, and Antikythera. About 3,750,000 people live in the region, of whom more than 95% are inhabitants of the Athens metropolitan area.

Top

edit

Cities

Top

edit

Sights and Activities

Parthenon

The Parthenon

The Parthenon

© All Rights Reserved DBassler

Originally built in the 5th century BC the Parthenon (Παρθενών) is the most famous ruin in all of Greece and is located on the Acropolis. This building was built as a temple to Athena in Athens. This building also represents an enduring symbol of Athenian democracy. It has many excellent examples of ancient Greek architecture and art work on the inside. The temple has had many forms in the different eras of occupation ranging from a temple to Athena, to a christian church to a mosque. Today it is one of the most popular tourist sights in all of Greece.

The Trilogy of Athens

academy_athens_greece

academy_athens_greece

© All Rights Reserved konstantinoscs

The Academy of Athens, the National Libarary of Greece and The University of Athens are the 3 neoclassical buildings that make the so called Trilogy of Athens. Build by brothers Theophil and Christian Hansen these buildings are an absolute must for the lovers of architecture.

National Archeological Musem

One of the best museums about the ancient greek civilization in the whole world, the National Archeological Museum houses true treasures about all the eras of Greek history as well as many exhibits from ancient Egypt.

National Archeological Museum of Athens

National Archeological Museum of Athens

© All Rights Reserved konstantinoscs


Arguably the best museum in Athens, visit it no matter what and be prepared to spend a decent amount of time in it.

Other Sights and Activities

  • Temple of the Olympian Zeus
  • Temple of Hephaesus
  • The Agora

Top

edit

Events and Festivals

  • The Athens and Epidaurus Festival (Also Known as The Hellenic Festival) - This is the oldest and most famous festival in Greece that is rich in history and a pure celebration of Greek art and culture. It highlights and promotes the work of young artists in various forms of contemporary, modern and classic art. For more than 40 years, a great number of artists have performed through the medium of music, theatre, dance, visual arts, ballet, acrobatics and opera, making it a top festival to see when in the city of Athens.
  • August Moon Festival - Archaeological sites around the city are opened late into the night to the public in celebration of the full moon. You'll find the areas around the Acropolis, Thisson and Monastiraki packed with people as activities, theatrical performances and cultural events will take place. The Acropolis won't be open this year, but its Museum will open late with a free concert along the Grand Promenade.
  • The Petras Festival - The Theatro Petras in Petropoulis, Athens, is transformed into an incredible outdoor venue and hosts the best in Greek theatre and concerts. Big names, international percussion performances and amateur groups play at the summer festival in the old amphitheater. Address: Petroupolis suburb, Athens
  • Marourssi - In the quiet northern suburb of Marourssi, Athens, Greek theatre explodes between June and early Septemebr. Iroon Square hosts a few free rock music concerts in celebration in these summer months. Address: Marourssi, Athens
  • Rockwave Festival - This annual rock music festival has been running for 16 years and has become one of the most famous festivals in Greece. Big name international acts as well as local bands play here and attract crowds to the naturally preserved Terra Vibe Park. The setting and the weather make it a great European Summer Festival. Address: The Terra Vibe Park, Malakassa, Athens
  • The Acropolis Rally - This has been held for over 50 years, making it one of the longest-standing world rallying. It is an intense circuit as it is held on very dusty and rough mountain roads, and cars require reinforcements to cope with the conditions. High summer temperatures add to the extreme annual race which sees drivers from many different countries compete in the 'Rally of the Gods'. Address: Route begins at the Acropolis, Athens

Top

edit

Weather

The combination of pollution and high temperatures (up to 43 °C), makes summer a bad time to visit Athens. Winters are mild with occasionally some frost at night, but usually above zero. Spring and autumn have very nice and warm conditions and nights are pleasant as well. In general, Athens is a dry and sunny city during these times with some showers possible but rarely rainy all day.

By Plane

International
Athens International Airport (ATH) is the main airport in the city and is the main hub for the national airline of Olympic Airlines. Destinations with this airline include Alexandria, Amsterdam, Berlin, Cairo, Dubai, Frankfurt, Geneva, Johannesburg, London, Montreal, Moscow, New York, Paris, Toronto and Vienna. Aegean Airlines has several flights within Europe as well, including Rome, Milan and Düsseldorf. Many European airlines have direct flights to Athens. Easyjet is a low-cost airline serving Athens from London, Berlin, Paris and Milan.

Domestic
Olympic Airlines has domestic flights to many destinations from Athens including Alexandroupolis, Chania, Chios, Corfu, Heraklion, Ioannina, Kalymnos, Karpathos, Kavala, Kefalonia, Kithira, Kos, Limnos, Milos, Mykonos, Mytilene (Lesbos), Naxos, Paros, Rhodes, Samos, Santorini, Sitia, Thessaloniki and Zakynthos. Aegean Airlines has a share of domestic flights as well.

To/from the airport

  • Car: The airport is accessible by the Attiki Odos toll highway from the centre of Athens and northern Athens, Varis-Koropiou Avenue from the western part, Laurio Avenue from the south and Spata-Loutsa Avenue from the east. Parking places and rental car companies are both widely available at the airport. Also taxis and limousines are available, albeit at a cost of course.
  • Rail: A train station next to the airport terminal is accessible by an elevated walkway. The station is served by both the Athens Metro and Suburban rail service Proastiakos. The station is connected with line 3 of the Athens Metro, while it is also connected to the Athens Central Railway Station (Larissis Station) and the port of Pireaus as well as to Corinth via Proastiakos.
  • Bus: Four bus lines (X93, X95, X96, X97) connect the airport directly to metropolitan Athens and the port of Piraeus. Regional bus services by KTELKTEL Express also operate to the airport, with connections from Athens Airport to Rafina, Markopoulo, Lavrio, Kalyvia, and Keratea.

By Train

The Hellenic Railways Organisation operates a network of train, most of them originating and terminating in or near Athens. Trains north stop in Thessaloniki, Livadia, Paleofarsala, Larissa, Plati, Edessa, Florina, Seres, Drama, Komotini and Alexandroupolis while trains south stop in Kiato, Xylokastra, Diakofto, Patras, Olympia, Argos, Tripoli, Megalopolis and Kalamata.

By Car

Be aware though that driving in Greece is not as easy as you think, Greek drivers are speeding and overtaking many times without any warnings. There are some good highways like the Corinth - Athens and the Athens - Larissa highways. In Athens itself, traffic jams occur mainly at early morning and late afternoon rush hours, but traffic is heavy throughout the day as well.

By Bus

KTEL operates numerous buses from Athens throughout destinations in Greece.

By Boat

There are dozens of ferries to and from Piraeus, the port of Athens and located within the municipality.
Check the Greek Travel Pages for an impression about companies, schedules and prices, as the choice is very wide. Or check the Greek Ferries website or another one about Ferries between islands in Greece. This applies to both international and even more so domestic connections to many of the islands. Routes from Piraeus usually go to the Argo-Saronic, Cyclades, Dodacanese and the Northeast Aegean island chains and also to Crete and other mainland ports as far as Thessaloniki.

On some routes, faster hydrofoil services operate. There are two classes on most ships (first and second) and couchettes are available on night trips. In summer, book well in advance.

Top

edit

Eat/Drink

Top

Attica Travel Helpers

We don't currently have any Travel Helpers for Attica

This is version 4. Last edited at 12:58 on Aug 22, 16 by Utrecht. 2 articles link to this page.

Creative Commons License
Except where otherwise noted, content of this article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License