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Azores

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Travel Guide Europe Portugal Azores

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Introduction

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The Azores are a chain of islands in the Atlantic Ocean and form an autonomous region of Portugal. Because of their outlying location, these islands are still not on many traveller's routes. The islands have a lot to offer though, and are both interesting regarding nature and culture. Small historical villages and cities and green and lush hills and mountains form a perfect place to spend a week or so to get away from the main tourist path.

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Brief History

Before the discovery of the Azores islands in 1427 by Goncalo Velho, there were no people living here. Twelve years later, in 1439, the colonization of the islands started and mainly people from Portugal, Spain, North Africa and Flanders settled themselves here. In 1522 Vila Franca do Campo, then the capital of the island, was devastated by a landslide caused by an earthquake which killed about 5,000 people, and the capital was moved to Ponta Delgada. The town of Vila Franca was rebuilt on the original site and today is a thriving fishing and yachting port. Ponta Delgada received its city status in 1546. Since the first settlement the pioneers applied themselves to the area of agriculture. By the 15th century Graciosa exported wheat, barley, wine and brandy. The goods were sent to Terceira largely due to the proximity of the island.

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Geography

The Azores Islands are located in the Atlantic Ocean, about 1,500 kilometres west of Lisbon and almost 4,000 kilometres east of North America's coastline The Azores have a total area of 2,350 square kilometres. São Miguel is the biggest island with almost 750 square kilometers while the smallest island Corvo is only about 17 square kilometres. Alltogether there are nine islands forming the archipelago and the Azores are of volcanic origin, sitting atop of the Atlantic ridge. The volcanic origin of the Azores islands is best witnessed by beautiful views towards the many volcanic cones and craters. Pico is a volcano of 2,351 metres high on the island of Pico and is the highest point in the Azores.

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Regions/Islands

The Azores consist of 9 main inhabited islands. These are:
Western group:

Central Group:

Eastern group:

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Cities

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Sights and Activities

Whale watching

The Azores Islands are probably one of the best places anywhere in the world to have a closer encouter with the largest animals on our planet. Many species of whales, including the big and impressive humpback, live in the waters around the islands and many towns with harbours offer boat tours lasting anywhere from one or two hours to longer half or full day trips.

Other sights and activities

  • Lagoa das Sete Cidades
  • Swimming with dolphins
  • Angra do Heroismo - historical city, on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
  • Hiking - The Azores have some of the best hiking trails in the world, with several levels of difficulty.

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Events and Festivals

You can check for an events calendar here.

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Weather

The Azores have a very pleasant and moderate climate with hot weather or frosts (apart from the highest areas) almost unheard of. There can be differences between the nine islands and some parts of indiviual islands are known to have micro-climates with less rain, more sun and slightly higher temperatures. In general though average summer temperatures (June-September) are around 24 °C to 26 °C during the day and 16 °C to 18 °C at night. In winter, daytime temperatures still average 16 °C to 18 °C degrees and rarely drop below 10 °C at night in most places.
Rainfall is spread out evenly throughout the year, although the summer period of May to September is drier with average monthly rainfall of about 40 to 50 mm. During the wintermonths of November to March, 100 mm or more is normal for most islands.

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Getting There

By Plane

João Paulo II Airport (PDL), 3 kilometres west of Ponta Delgada on the island of Sao Miguel is the busiest airport of the Azores. SATA International has flights to and from Amsterdam, Boston, Frankfurt, Funchal, Lisbon, London, Manchester, Montreal, Oslo, Porto and Toronto. Sata Air Açores flies to Las Palmas de Gran Canaria.
Several other airlines serve cities like Helsinki (Finnair), Amsterdam (Arkefly), Düsseldorf (Air Berlin and Lisbon (TAP Portugal).

SATA Air Açores also flies from Horta and Santa Maria to Lisbon and TAP Portugal and SATA International go to Lisbon as well. The latter also flies seasonal to Boston and Oakland.

All islands have small airports/airfields, and although direct flights to continental Europe are only available to São Miguel, Santa Maria Terceira, Faial and Pico, you can fly to all the other islands with one stop on one of the main airports.

By Boat

There are several cruise companies that include the Azores on the routes.

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Getting Around

By Plane

SATA Air Açores is the main carrier for flights between all nine islands: Corvo Island, Flores Island, Graciosa Island, Horta, Pico Island, Santa Maria, São Jorge Island, São Miguel and Terceira. SATA International also flies between São Miguel, Horta, Santa Maria and Terceira.

By Train

There are no trains on the Azores.

By Car

Renting a car is the best way to get around most of the islands, especially the largest ones. It is surpisingly economical with daily rates for the smallest car starting at around €25. Most international agencies like Hertz and Avis have offices on airports. Only Sao Miguel and Terceira have some more traffic but still not much compared to mainland Portugal.

By Bus

All islands except Corvo have a bus system. Still, it is not of much use for travellers as there isn't really a timetable as such on many of the islands. Usually buses only travel a few times a day and in the weekend buses might be totally absent. Sao Miguel, Terceira and Pico have relatively better bus systems with reliable and relatively frequent buses around the island.

By Boat

Transmacor offers regular ferry services between most islands, including Terceira, Faia and Pico. Some of the ferries only travel between May and September though and a few only travel in July and August, for example the once per week ferry to Flores. Between Faial and Pico there are many daily trips by catamaran (15 minutes) or regular ferry (30 minutes), which is perfect for a daytrip to Pico and do some whalewatching tours.
Anlanticoline offers some ferries as well, including the one to Flores.

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Red Tape

Same as Portugal.

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Money

See also Money Matters

The Azores, as an autonomous region of Portugal, have adopted the Euro (ISO code: EUR, symbol: ) as its official currency. One Euro is divided into 100 cents, which is sometimes referred to as eurocents, especially when distinguishing them with the US cents.

Euro banknotes come in denominations of €5, €10, €20, €50, €100, €200, €500. The highest three denominations are rarely used in everyday transactions. All Euro banknotes have a common design for each denomination on both sides throughout the Eurozone.

The Euro coins are 1 cent, 2 cents, 5 cents, 10 cents, 20 cents, 50 cents, €1 and €2. Some countries in the Eurozone have law which requires cash transactions to be rounded to the nearest 5 cents. All Euro coins have a common design on the denomination (value) side, while the opposite side may have a different image from one country to another. Although the image side may be different, all Euro coins remain legal tender throughout the Eurozone.

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Study

Universidade dos Açores is the only university in Azores, for higher studies.

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Language

Portugese is the official language of the Azores, but the typical Azores dialect has influences from Flemish, English and African languages that make it a unique almost different kind of language.

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Eat

Having a rich tradition in gastronomy, Azores are well worth visiting just for food tasting. The best known dishes are fresh fish dishes, the famous Cozido das Furnas (from Furnas village in Sao Miguel). Also, for cheese lovers, the Azores have some of the best cheese in Portugal.
"Queijadas da Graciosa" and "Queijadas da Vila" for the more sweet taste. Finally, there are also some liqueurs made on some of the islands.

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Sleep

All the main inhabited islands have some form of accommodation, though on the smaller and outlying islands the choice is much less. On Terceira, Sao Miguel and to a lesser extent also on Pico and Faial, you will find a healthy mix of luxury hotels, smaller guesthouses and many other varieties.

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Drink

Azores is the only place in Europe that produces tea, for commercial purposes, so pay a visit to Porto Formoso or Gorreana tea plantations and try it. On Pico Island you can find the best known regional wine. Last, but not least, since there are lots of cows in Azores, so you can try Azorean milk.

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Health

See also Travel Health

There are no vaccinations legally required to travel to the Azores. There is one exception though. You need a yellow fever vaccination if you have travelled to a country (7 days or less before entering the Azores) where that disease is widely prevalent. Finally, other possible health issues include diarrhea and other general travellers' diseases like motion sickness. Watch what you eat and drink and in case you get it, drink plenty of fluids (to prevent dehydration) and bring ORS.

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Safety

See also Travel Safety

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Keep Connected

Internet

Broadband internet exists on some islands (mainly the central and oriental group), and you can find it in most hotels and tourism offices.

Phone

See also International Telephone Calls

Post

Post offices (correios) have varying opening hours, but in general post offices are open on weekdays from 08:30-18:00 and on Saturday mornings until 12:30. More information about offices, costs and other details can be found at the CTT Portuguese Post website. It's a relatively efficient but also relatively slow postal service. Costs for sending a standard letter/postcard are €0.32 within Portugal, €0.68 within Europe and €0.80 outside Europe.

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This is version 25. Last edited at 8:38 on Sep 10, 14 by Utrecht. 31 articles link to this page.

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