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Baja California Sur is one of the 31 states in Mexico and comprises the southern half of the Baja peninsula in the northwest of the country.
It is the second smallest Mexican state by population and the 31st admitted state of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, make up the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.
The state is divided into five regions: Central Desert, La Serranía, the Vizcaíno Desert, the Magdalena Plains and Los Cabos. The Central Desert has desert plants, green appears during short and irregular rains. The La Serranía is the high mountain areas with tree species, a number of which are commercially valuable. The Vizcaíno Desert runs along the Pacific coast around the Ojo de Liebre and San Ignacio lagoons and contains lower mountain ranges such as the San Francisco, San Alberto, Las Tinajas de Murillo and El Serrucho, along with the El Azufre and Las Vírgenes volcanos. The Magdalena Plains is a large, flat area near the Pacific coast, and the Los Cabos region is distinguished by microclimates determined by the geologic change in the area and rain patterns.
Most of the surface water on land is in the form of seasonal streams, which are fast flowing and only active during rains. Most of these empty into the Pacific Ocean with a number flowing south into the Bahía de Ballenas.
San Javier is a charming little village located in the mountains behind Loreto. Most Baja visitors stick to the coast and miss a lot of the charming, very rustic little villages located in the interior backcountry. There's an impressive church, a few places to eat and drink, and a basic hotel. You can drive to San Javier, but the best way to go is to hire a horse or mule for the journey from Loreto.
Baja California Sur has two UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the Rock Paintings of the Sierra de San Francisco and the Whale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino
Although the Day of the Dead is also celebrated in many Latin American countries except Mexico (and also in parts of Europe, Asia and Africa), the Day of the Dead (Spanish: Día de los Muertos) is most intensily celebrated in Mexciowhere where it is equal to a National Holiday. The holiday focuses on gatherings of family and friends to pray for and remember friends and family members who have died. The celebration takes place on November 1st and 2nd, in connection with the Catholic holidays of All Saints' Day (November 1) and All Souls' Day (November 2). Traditions connected with the holiday include building private altars honoring the deceased using sugar skulls, marigolds, and the favorite foods and beverages of the departed and visiting graves with these as gifts. Although it is about the Dead, it is also a celebration where eating and partying both are common as well.
Baja California Sur has an arid climate with just around 250mm of rain falling a year, mostly in September and October. Summers last from May to September when temperatures average around 30-35 °C during the day with some days hitting over 40 °C. Nights are warm, well above 20 °C and sometimes nights don't drop below 28 °C. Winters are far more pleasant with days of around 25 °C between December and March, nights averaging 16-18 °C.
Note that temperatures are for coastal areas, like Cabo San Lucas and La Paz. Inland, temperatures can even be a little higher during the summer days and colder during winter nights for example. It also rains even less inland.
Los Cabos International Airport (SJD) is the sixth largest airport in Mexico, located near Cabo San Lucas, and mainly has flights within Mexico and to the United States and Canada. Most airlines from these countries serve Cabo San Lucas, and destinations include Mexico City, Guadalajara, Mazatlán, Monterrey, Puerto Vallarta, Tijuana, San Diego, Seattle, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Calgary, Vancouver, Toronto, Chicago, Dallas, Houston, New York, Atlanta, Salt Lake City, Denver, Las Vegas, Detroit, Phoenix and Edmonton.
La Paz Airport (LAP) has some flights as well, mainly to other Mexican cities and to Los Angeles.
For an overview of schedules and connections, check thebusschedule.com.
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