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Bali

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Travel Guide Asia Indonesia Lesser Sunda Islands Bali

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Introduction

Legian Beach, Bali, Indonesia

Legian Beach, Bali, Indonesia

© All Rights Reserved CatAttack

Bali is the western most island in the Lesser Sunda Islands of Indonesia. The island is located west of Java and east of Lombok. With a population of over 3 million with the vast majority of the island's population, 93.18%, being Hindu makes this place very different from the rest of Indonesia. Bali is one of the largest tourist destinations in Asia and the largest tourist spot in Indonesia.

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History

The island was first settled around 2000 BC by people from Taiwan. The culture took a major shift when Hinduism was introduced from India in the 1st century AD. When the Hindu empire on Java fell in the 15th century most of the intellectuals, priests, musicians and royalty relocated to Bali. The Dutch discovered the island in 1597, although Dutch control was not solidified untill the 1890s. Even then Dutch control was loose at best. After Indonesian independence the island was hit hard during the communist crackdowns of the 1950s and 1960s with 10% of the islands population being executed. In 2002 and 2005 bombs were set off in major tourist areas, which greatly affect the tourist industry.

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Geography

Kintamani Lake, Bali

Kintamani Lake, Bali

© All Rights Reserved claireh

The island contains of a series of steep and high volcanos with the tallest being Mount Agung at 3,142 metres (10,308 feet) on the eastern end of the island. Mount Batur, also on the island, had one of the largest volcanic events on the planet about 30,000 years ago. The southern part of the island is the alluvial plain, which has several shallow rivers that are low during the dry season and swell during the wet season. Bali is surrounded by beaches and vibrant coral reefs. The beaches in the south usually have white sand and the beaches in the northern or western parts of the island have jet black sand. The ecology of the island is stunning with over 280 birds and plenty of wild animals.

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Cities

  • Singaraja was the colonial capital of the province.
  • Denpasar is near the southern coast and is the current day capital of the province and largest city on the island.

Tourist Towns

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Sights and Activities

The main attractions for tourist going to Bali are the stunning beaches, amazing mountains, art work, dance, music and pumping nightlife. On top of this there is extremely clean and clear water that are filled with coral reefs, which makes for world class diving. For adventure seekers there is some of the best surfing in the world and excellent mountain climbing.

Tanah Lot, Bali

Tanah Lot, Bali

© All Rights Reserved ferryardx

Tanah Lot

Located 20 kilometres from Denpasar sits the amazing temple and rock formation of Tanah Lot. The temple was built in the 15th century by the famous priest Niratha, who was wondering the coast and came along some fishermen. After the fishermen gave him food and spending the night on the little island he told the fishermen to build a shrine on the rock. The temple is one of the seven seaside temples located around the coast of Bali. The temple is supposedly protected by poisonous sea snakes.

Bali Baret National Park

Bali Baret National Park is located in the north western part of the island. The park is roughly 10% of the land area of the island of Bali. it is bordered by the port town of Gilimanuk and the village of Goris. The park covers many different ecological zones including coral islands, savanna, mangroves and mixed-monsoon forests. There are even some ancient volcanic remains to explore.

Neighbouring Islands

There are some neighbouring islands near to Bali. Located around 20 kilometres away from Bali to the southeast you'll find Nusa Penida Island, Nusa Ceningan Island and Nusa Lembongan Island. Each of these islands shares their own unique tourism destination and arts. For many peoples, these three islands might not be recognized as parts of Bali’s district. Somehow, they give a great contribution to the tourism development in Bali area. Among these three islands, Nusa Penida Island is the largest one, and also well known as the best destination for scuba diving. Although the two others islands, Nusa Lembongan and Nusa Ceningan are located separated, they're still administratively part of the Nusa Penida area. Administratively, the islands is a district of Klungkung regency. The Badung Strait separates the islands and Bali.
In this archipelago, specially Nusa Penida Island, you will find beautiful pure beaches and some conservation places protecting plants, birds, and also turtle. When you are diving in Nusa Penida Island, you will likely to see the large pelagic, such as Manta Ray’s (Manta Birostris) at some locations and Mola Mola (Oceanic Sunfish). If you get lucky, you will sometimes see the whale-shark too.

Other Sights and Activities

Oh Beautiful Bali

Oh Beautiful Bali

© All Rights Reserved erin-sean

  • Seven Seaside Temples - Seven Seaside Temples are worth a visit becayse these seven coastal Hindu temples are within eyeshot of each other. Most were built in the 15th century and have stunning architecture.
  • Mother Temple Besakih - Mother Temple Besakih is located in the village of undefined on the slopes of Mount Agung is one of the most important Hindu temples in Indonesia.
  • Beaches - Spend time on white and black sand beaches to get a good tan and relax.
  • Surfing - Hang ten on some of the best waves in the world.
  • Diving in Bali is a great place to check out the reefs with some scuba diving or snorkeling.
  • Rock climbing here is amazing on the cliffs around the island.
  • Arts and Crafts on Bali are some of the best in the world.
  • Traditional Dance here is stunning. Learn a move or two of traditional Balinese dance makes a trip great.

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Events and Festivals

  • Rice Harvest Festival - Every year in May, Bali salutes Dewi Sri, who is locally revered as the rice god. The harvest time is considered a blessed season among Bali residents, and celebrations erupt all over the city. Small straw rice dolls created to represent Dewi Sri are placed all around town and are expected to bring good fortune. Along with lavish decorations and parades, traditional delicacies are served.
  • Bali Spirit Festival (25 Mar 2014 - 01 Apr 2014) - Drawing yogi's from all across the globe, this event is a celebration of all things Namaste. For the past 5 years, this festival has brought hundreds of musicians, dancers, and yogis to Bali for a festival full of live music, yoga, and performance art - all for the common cause of making the world a more positive and peaceful place.
  • Bali Arts Festival - A month-long celebration that reaches every region in Bali. Visitors will be able to choose from an array of events during this time - from traditional dance and musical performances to local crafts and artwork presentations. Delicious local cuisine will also be prepared and available for visitors to sample. Parades are also a common occurrence during this cultural festival, complete with extravagant colors and beautiful displays that will sure to leave you in awe.
  • Negara Bull Races - Typically held on Sundays during the months of July and October, bull races are held in Bali. The bulls are cleaned and dressed in garland and hitched to makeshift chariots before they are raced in this exciting event.
  • Melasti and Nyepi - Melasti is a purification festival held the day before Nyepi. On Melasti, villagers dress in their finest clothing and make their way to the sea carrying offerings to their gods. At the shore, pigs are also ceremonially sacrificed and statue representations of the gods are cleaned. This festival is supposed to get a little rowdy with loud cheers and banging of drums; everyone exhausts themselves in preparation for Nyepi. During Nyepi, Bali becomes a ghost town, and everyone - including tourists are expected to remain silent. No one is allowed to work, travel or partake in any indulgences. Visitors are advised to observe this custom and to stay inside their hotels for the day. It is believed that if everyone participates, the evil spirits will leave the island because they will think the city is uninhabited. This event occurs every year in March in accordance to the lunar calendar.

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Weather

Bali has a tropical climate with hot, humid conditions. Temperatures are mostly between 30 and 32 °C during the day and nights are still well above 20 °C. The mountains in the interior are cooler and see more clouds as well. The April-October period is the dry season and November-March is the rainy season, though showers are still possible during the dry season and periods of dry weather occur during the monsoon season.

Climate Zone is a good website for seeing the weather at Bali through the year.

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Getting There

bali_lembongan_01

bali_lembongan_01

© All Rights Reserved Frankee

By Plane

Ngurah Rai International Airport (DPS) is located in the southern part of the island, just 13 kilometres south of Denpasar. It is the third busiest airport in the country and now meets international aviation security standards. The airport has extensive international service and good domestic service, including flights to Jakarta, Surabaya, West Papua, Borneo, Sulawesi and Sumatra. Pretty much every country in the Asian and pacific region can be reached directly by flights from this airport.
Garuda Indonesia flies to/from Hong Kong, Melbourne, Nagoya, Osaka, Perth, Seoul, Shanghai Pudong International Airport, Singapore, Sydney and Tokyo and lowcost airlines Air Asia serves Kuala Lumpur.
Several other airlines have some more destinations, including Taipei, Amsterdam, Dili, Darwin, Brisbane, Doha, Bandar Seri Begawan, Guangzhou, Broome, Bangkok, Moscow and Adelaide.

By Boat

There a car and passenger ferry connecting Bali (Gilimanuk) and east Java (Ketapang), crossing takes about an hour. There's also a car and passeger ferry between Bali (Padangbai) and Lombok (Lembar), crossing takes about 4 hours. There are now also some direct services from Bali to the Gili Islands as well, all of them either via Lombok, or continuing to Lombok after the Gili Islands:

  • Blue Water Express travels from Benoa to Bangsal on Lombok, continuing to Gili Trawangan, taking about 2 hours
  • Gili Cat travels to Gili Trawangan from Padang Ai (1.5 hours).
  • Island Getaway travels there from Serangan (2 hours).
  • Perama Express to Trawangan from Padang Ai, continuing to Senggigi.

Pelni ships link Bali with many other parts of Indonesia, including Waingapu, Ende, Kupang and Kalabahi, Bima, Makassar and Papua, Labuan Bajo and Sulawesi.

By Bus

Some long-distance services can take you all the way to Jakarta, using the ferry services described above. Jakarta is about 24 hours away, Yogyakarta about 16 hours. Lombok can be reached as well by bus. Check the Peramatour buscompany for more schedules and prices.

By Train

There’s a train station near the ferry port on Java, with trains to Probolingo, Surabaya, Yogyakarta and Jakarta.

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Getting Around

By Car

Most of the roads hug the coastline or the edge of the mountains. Due to the steepness of the mountains in the interior of the island there are very few roads across the island, although some take you to the central volcanos. A car with a driver is relatively cheap if you share with a few more travellers and gives you maximum flexibility regarding the route and sights.

By Bus

Larger minibuses and full-size buses ply the longer routes, particularly on routes linking Denpasar, Singaraja and Gilimanuk.

By Boat

There are no regular connections between places on Bali as it's faster overland, but you can rent boats to go for a day out on the sea including fishing trips.

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Drink

The night life in Bali is one of the best in the world. Mainly dominated by western tourists these places can get pretty rowdy year round.

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Sleep

Bali has sleeping options for every kind of traveller. Therefore if your looking for a luxury resort or a hut on the island has a place to sleep for any kind traveller. Budget accommodations including travellers ratings:

PropertyAddressTypePopularity
Abian Biu ResidenceBr. Umalas, Jl. Umalas Kauh II - 106 / Tunon Kerobokan, DenpasarGuesthouse82
Adi Dharma CottagesJl. Legian 155, Kuta PO BOX 1120, Tuban, DenpasarHotel82
Adi Dharma HotelJl Benesari, Kuta PO BOX 1120, Tuban, DenpasarHotel84
Alam Sari HotelTegallalang, UbudHotel-
Bali Nyuh Gading VillasJl.Uma Alas 1 No 99 x Seminyak KutaHotel-
Dana Guesthouse Balibanjar silayukti , jalan pengubugan gang kayu cend Kerobokan Kuta BaliHostel79
Green Garden Beach Resort & SpaJl. Wana Segara Tuban, South Kuta BeachHotel-
Hidden Oasis Hotel & SpaJalan Pantai Kuta 47B KutaHotel-
Hotel MikiJalan Dewi Sri 78 KutaHotel-
Inna Bali HotelJl. Veteran No.3 Denpasar 80111 - P.O.Box 3003lHotel-
Jati Home Stay and GalleryHanoman Street ,Padang tegal Ubud GianyarHostel82
Legian Guest HouseNortheast corner of Legian Kuta in Jalan Nakula TiGuesthouse82
Lumbung DamuhJalan Pantai Buitan Kelod Kec. Manggis, KarangasemHotel83
Nandini Bali Jungle Resort and SpaBr. Susut, Desa Buahan, Payangan - UbudHotel-
Nick's HomestayJl. Hanoman No. 57 UbudHostel84
Nick's PensionJL. Bisma ~ Ubud Bali 80571Guesthouse89
Sri BungalowsMonkey forest st.Hostel85
Sri Ratih CottagesJalan Raya Penestanan UbudHostel92
Sunset Residence CondotelJl. Dewi Sri No.11, KutaApartment-
Tanaya Bed & BreakfastJl. Raya Legian 131 KutaGuesthouse89
The Island BaliJl. Padma Utara, Legian KutaHostel86
Prima CottageJl Bumi Ayu 23 SanurHotel82
Febri's Hotel and SpaJl. Kartika Plaza TubanHotel87
The Tanis VillasTanjung Sanghyang Bay - Lembongan island - BaliHotel88
Nick's Hidden CottagesJl. BismaGuesthouse83
Green Garden HotelJl. Kartika Plaza no.9 TubanHotel89
Ari Putri HotelJl. Sanur Beach, Banjar Semawang SanurHotel91
Bali Sorgawi HotelJalan Legian Klod, Kuta Beach, Kuta BeachHotel85
Temple Cafe & Seaside CottagesJalan Raya CandidasaGuesthouse89
Puri Dewa Bharata Hotel & VillasJalan Nakula 11 Legian KutaHotel80
Vilarisi HotelJalan Melasti / Lebak Bene 15X LegianHotel85
Mastapa Garden HotelJalan Legian No 139Hotel79
Bali Senia HostelJalan Danau Poso 23 Sanur DenpasarHotel-
Sayang Maha Mertha HotelJl. Melasti Lebak Bene, Legian Kelod, LegianHotel76
The Champlung Mas HotelJln. Melasti LegianHostel79
Puri Purnama VillaBr Cucukan ds MedahanHotel-
Taman Harum CottagesMas-Ubud VillageHotel90
Natura Resort & SpaBanjar Laplapan, UbudHotel-
Suly Resort & SpaJl. Cok Rai Pudak Br. Yangloni Peliatan UbudHotel-
Baleka Beach ResortJalan Werkudara LegianHostel-
Candi Beach CottageMendira Beach, Sengkidu Candi Dasa KarangasemApartment87
Hotel Villa LumbungJl. Raya Petitenget No. 1000X SeminyakHotel87
Nanuks Lembongan BungalowsJalan Tamarind Beach Nusa Penida KlungkungGuesthouse-
Villa Baladewa EmpatUmalas II, Jalan Bumbak, Gang P. Karimata, KerobokanGuesthouse-
Jati 3 BungalowsMonkey Forest St Ubud BaliGuesthouse84
Bali Mountain RetreatJalan ArjunaGuesthouse-
Pat-Mase VillasJl. Karang Mas Sejahtera 100 X JimbaranHotel-
Bali Kuta ResortJl. Majapahit Mo. 18 KutaHotel-
Swiss-Belhotel Bay ViewJalan Kebo Iwa, Taman Mumbul Nusa DuaHotel-
Bali Lovina Beach CottagesLovina BeachApartment-
Villa SerenityGang Dolphin, Jalan Nelayan, Banjar Canggu, Kabupaten Badung, BaliHotel83
Puri Sawah Bungalows & RestaurantTirta Gangga KarangasemApartment-
Nomad's VillaJalan Yudistira Gang Franjipani 5Hotel-
Mumbul GuesthouseGang Mumbul, AnturanGuesthouse87
POP! Hotel Denpasar Teuku UmarJl. Teuku Umar No. 74Hotel81
Green Villas Hotel and Spa, BaliDewi sartika 1 BB TubanHotel-
Taman Sari Cottage IIJalan Kartika Plaza Gang Pudak Sari No.1 KutaGuesthouse-
Taman SuciJl. Imam Bonjol No. 45, DenpasHostel-
Puri Bunga Resort & SpaJl. Kedewatan, Ayung River Ubud, GianyarHotel-
Victory Shine Lembongan Bungalows & SPANusa Lembongan Nusa Penida KlungkungHotel-
BIG Pineapple BackpackersJalan Tirta Ening Gang 2 No's 6 SANUR Bali.Hostel88
The aromas of bali hotel & residenceLegian street 191 Kuta BaliHotel-
Grand Avenue Bali HotelJalan Bumbak No. 22 Kerobokan-KutaHotel-
Gosyen Hotel BaliDewi Sri # 9, LegianHotel-
Hotel Bali DiaryBy Pass Ngurah Rai No.524 SanurHotel-
Bagus Hayden Hotel - BaliJalan Bakungsari (Singosari) No. 14Hotel-
Bali Bukit Surf VillaJalan Raya Uluwatu Gang Indra No.10 JimbaranGuesthouse-
Guess House HostelPetitenget Street 22 Seminyak-KutaHostel85
The Bali Dream villaJl. Saraswati III, No 108x Seminyak BaliHotel-
Sindu Guest HouseJalan Pantai Sindu No 1 SanurGuesthouse-
Lemon HouseGang Melanting 5 Padang BaiGuesthouse90
Warung CocoJalan Majapahit, Gang Soka KutaGuesthouse79
Zen InnJl Sulayakti Padang BaiGuesthouse-
Villa Jepunjalan uluwatu jimbaran gang mecutan no 7 300 meter sebelum GwkGuesthouse-
Bedbunkers Hostels KutaJalan Dewi Sri 45 / 18F KutaHostel75
Indraprastha Home StayHanoman street No.40 Padang Tegal tengah Ubud, Bali-IndonesiaApartment90
Kayun HostelJL Patih Jelantik 176 KutaHostel85
Warini BungalowJalan Hanoman Ubud Bali IndonesiaGuesthouse-
U Paasha SeminyakJalan Laksmana, No.77 SeminyakGuesthouse-
Bombora Surf CampJl. Labuan SaitHotel-
Puri GaneshJalan Dewi Sri I No. 14 KutaGuesthouse-
Nanuks BungalowsNusa Lembongan Jalan Tamarind Beach Nusa Penida,Hotel-
Villa Onga BaliJl: Bumbak Gg:Onga Br: Anyar Kelod Kerobokan-UmalasGuesthouse-
Komune Resort & Beach Club BaliJl. Pantai Keramas KeramasHotel-
SURFING DORMS Berawa BeachJalan Pura Prancak No 6 Berawa Beach CangguHostel91
Anika GuesthouseJalan Elang No.3, Komplek Burung, TubanGuesthouse-
Cafe Locca HomestayJl. Sudimala SanurGuesthouse-
The Apartements CangguBanjar Padang linjong; Jl Batu Mejan 82Apartment-
Grannys HostelJl.Pura Martasari 28Hostel-
Lavender Luxury Resort & SpaJL. By Pass Ngurah Rai No. 7Hotel-
Bali Bamboo ParadiseJalan Penataran Agung Padang BaiHotel-
Villa ParadiseJalan Jimbaran Hill No. 99Hotel-
Bali Surf Hostel3 Gang Melati SeminyakHostel-
POP! Hotel Kuta BeachJl. Kubu BeneHotel87
Gay Villa Layang BulanJalan Batu Belig Gang Daksina 10B Kerobokan, PetitengetGuesthouse-
Acarya BungalowsJalan Raya Amed Abang KarangasemGuesthouse-
Bayu Guest HouseMonkey Forest Street Lane Mandia Bungalow No 3 Ubud, GianyarGuesthouse-
Bluehill ResortTulamben, Kubu Karangasem, Bali 80853 IndonesiaHotel-
Buddha Guest VillasJalan. Legian, Gang Mangga #9,GUESTHOUSE81
Jolie HostelJl. Astina No. 23 Desa Ungasan Kuta SelatanHostel-
Sunhill BungalowJalan Pantai Balangan Cengiling/ UngasanGuesthouse-
Jimbaran Home Stay BaliJalan Bukit Hijau Kav. no. 3Guesthouse-
Matra Bali GuesthouseJl Pantai Berawa no 37 Br. Pelambingan, Ds Tibubeneng Kc. Kuta Utara, Kab. BadungGuesthouse-
Sunset Mansion ResortJl. Bidadari Raya SeminyakHotel-
Warung Coco Poppies 2Poppies Lane 2Hostel-
The Tirtha Inn Pondok AnyarJalan Kubu Anyar Gang Kingkong I no. 2 Banjar AnyarGuesthouse-
La Bali Home StayJalan Pengubugan Gang Kayu nagasari no 12 Kerobokan KutaGuesthouse-
Hitakara Bed and BreakfastJln Pantai Berawa no 27 CangguGuesthouse-
The Banyumas ResidenceJl. Tukad Banyumas No. 1 DenpasarHostel-
Bali Summer Hotel and ResortJalan Raya Pantai Kuta 38Hotel-
Anini Resort and SpaJl. Raya Tjampuhan Sanggingan UbudHotel-
DEMANK HouseJalan Sugriwa No.38 Padang TegalGuesthouse-
Happy Day HostelJalan Petitenget 100B KerobokanHostel-
De'Bharata Bali Villas SeminyakJl. Sunset Road Gang Baik - Baik No 11Hotel-
Graha Moding VillasBr. Kelabang Moding Ds. Kelabang ModingGuesthouse-
Sara ResidenceJalan Nakula No.9Hostel-
Sayan Terrace ResortJl. Raya SayanHotel-

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Quick Facts

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Coordinates
  • Latitude: -6.1227778
  • Longitude: 106.9916667

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This is version 87. Last edited at 12:52 on Dec 23, 13 by Utrecht. 46 articles link to this page.

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