Bonaire is an island in the Caribbean and the capital is Kralendijk. At the 10th of October 2010, the island of Bonaire acquired the status of extraordinary municipality of the Netherlands, just like Sint Eustatius and Saba. The Netherlands Antilles were dissolved as a separate state and that state as such no longer exists.
Bonaire's earliest known inhabitants were the Caquetio Indians, a branch of the Arawak who came by canoe from Venezuela in about AD 1000. Archeological remains of Caquetio culture have been found at certain sites northeast of Kralendijk and near Lac Bay. In 1499, Alonso de Ojeda arrived in Curaçao and a neighboring island that was almost certainly Bonaire. Ojeda was accompanied by Amerigo Vespucci and Juan de la Cosa.
In 1526, Juan de Ampies was appointed Spanish commander of the ABC Islands. The Spanish inhabitants lived mostly in the inland town of Rincon which was safe from pirate attack.Bonaire was conquered by the Dutch in March 1636. The Dutch built Fort Oranje in 1639.While Curaçao emerged as a center of the slave trade, Bonaire became a plantation of the Dutch West India Company. During the Napoleonic Wars, the Netherlands lost control of Bonaire twice, once from 1800–1803 and again from 1807–1816. During these intervals, the British had control of the neighboring island of Curaçao and of Bonaire. The ABC islands were returned to the Netherlands under the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814. During the period of British rule, a large number of white traders settled on Bonaire, and they built the settlement of Playa (Kralendijk) in 1810.
On 10 October 2010 the Netherlands Antilles was dissolved, making Bonaire a public body of the Netherlands.
Bonaire has a land area of 288 km², while Klein Bonaire is a further 6 km². Bonaire's population is about 15,000 inhabitants.The island is ringed by a coral reef which is easily accessible from the shore along the western and southern sides. Furthermore, the entire coastline of the island has been declared a marine sanctuary, preserving local fish life. The coral reef around uninhabited Klein Bonaire is particularly well preserved, and it draws divers, snorkelers, and boaters. The highest point of Bonaire, the mountainous Brandaris, 240 metres high, located within this preserve, has a complete view of the island.
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Although officially the Flamingo Sanctuary is off-limits to tourists, visitors with a strong pair of binoculars can see these beautiful creatures enjoying their everyday life in relative quietness and peace. Other flamingo-viewing spots which are open to the public are for exampl enear the Willemstoren lighthouse at the southern tip of Bonaire.
Another example of nature is this national park which covers the northwest portion and almost 20% of the island. Washington-Slagbaai National Park is a magnificent place to explore.
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The island of Bonaire has a very pleasant and constant climate. This means warm and humid weather yearround but with almost constant sea breezes cooling things of a bit. Temperatures average around 30 °C during the day, cooling of somewhat to 23 °C at night. Most rain falls between October and February but compared to the islands more north in the Caribbean it doesn't rain that much. July and August are high season and therefore the drier months of March to June are the best time for a visit.
Flamingo International Airport or Bonaire International Airport (BON) is where all international flights and flight from other islands of the Netherlands Antilles arrive and depart. Arkefly (website in Dutch) and KLM fly there from Amsterdam. The latter has connections onwards to both Quito and Guayaquil in Ecuador. Other services include those to Houston, Miami, New York, Atlanta and Cartagena in Colombia. Finally, there are some seasonal flights to Paramaribo and Caracas and connections to Aruba.
See also Money Matters
The Antillean Guilder (Naf) is the official currency for Bonaire. It is also known as the Florin or Gulden and is subdivided into 100 cents. Note denominations are 5, 10, 25, 50, 100, and 250 NaF. Coin denominations are 5, 2.5, 1, 0.5, 0.25, 0.1, 0.05, and 0.01 cents.
The Guilder is fixed to the US dollar at an exchange rate of 1.79:1.
In November 2008, it was decided to introduce the US dollar on Bonaire, just like for Sint Eustatius and Saba. This transition is scheduled for January, 2011. From that time, The US Dollar, or "greenback", will be the national currency of Bonaire. One dollar consists of 100 cents. Frequently used coins are the penny (1¢), nickel (5¢), dime (10¢) and quarter (25¢). 50¢ and $1 coins also exist, but are rarely used. Frequently used banknotes are the $1, $5, $10 and $20 notes. $2, $50 and $100 notes can also be found, but are rarely used.
See also Travel Health
There are no vaccinations legally required to travel to Bonaire. There is one exception though. You need a yellow fever vaccination if you have travelled to a country (7 days or less before entering Bonaire) where that disease is widely prevalent.
It's a good thing to get your vaccinations in order before travelling to Bonaire. The general vaccination against Diphtheria, Tetanus and Polio (DTP) is recommended. Also a hepatitis A vaccination is recommended and vaccination against hepatitis B and typhoid are also sometimes recommended for stays longer than 3 months.
Dengue sometimes occurs as well. There is no vaccination, so buy mosquito repellent (preferably with 50% DEET), and sleep under a net. Also wear long sleeves if possible.
Finally, other possible health issues include diarrhea and other general travellers' diseases like motion sickness. Watch what you eat and drink and in case you get it, drink plenty of fluids (to prevent dehydration) and bring ORS.
See also Travel Safety
See also International Telephone Calls
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