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The aim to transfer the federal capital from Rio de Janeiro to the heart of Brazil was an idea that President Juscelino Kubitschek carried out to develop and populate the country's interor.
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The FIFA World Cup 2014 will be held in Brazil. It takes place from 12 June to 13 July 2014. It will be the second time that Brazil has hosted the competition, the previous being in 1950. The national teams of 32 countries will join the second biggest sports event in the world (after the Olympic Games). A total of 64 matches are to be played in twelve cities across Brazil, with the tournament beginning with a group stage. For the first time at a World Cup Finals, the matches will use goal-line technology. Twelve locations will be World Cup host cities: Belo Horizonte, Brasília, Cuiabá, Curitiba, Fortaleza, Manaus, Natal, Porto Alegre, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador and São Paulo. They cover all the main regions of Brazil and create more evenly distributed hosting than the 1950 finals in Brazil provided, when matches were concentrated in the south-east and south. As a result the tournament will require significant long-distance travel for teams. Brazil opens the tournament against Croatia, played in Sao Paulo on the 12th of June, and the final will be played on the 13th of July in Rio de Janeiro.
Brasilia has a (sub)tropical climate with generally warm weather year round. Average maximum temperatures are between 26 °C and 29 °C, while nights average between 14 °C and 18 °C, except for the wintermonths of June to August when it is slightly colder. May to September is the dry period while most of the rain falls between November and March, averaging around 70 mm a month, on about 20 days each month.
Brasilia International Airport (BSB) serves domestic and a few international flights. The main destinations served are Rio de Janeiro, Manaus, Sao Paulo, Salvador, Fortaleza, Cuiaba, Belo Horizonte, Porto Alegre, Belem, Curitiba, Atlanta, Curacao, Natal, Recife, New York, Florianopolis and Lisbon.
It is advisable to rent a car or take other forms of transportation to move around in the city. All distances are too big to go from one side to the other by foot.
|Esplanada Brasilia Hotel||SHS Quadra 03, Bloco E Setor Sul||HOTEL||-|
|Hotel El Pilar||SHN Quadra 3 Bloco F Setor Norte||HOTEL||-|
|Casamatta Hostel Pirenopolis||Av Meia Lua, QD32/33 LT 2 Pirenopolis||HOSTEL||-|
|Hostel7 Brasilia||SCLRN 708 Bloco I Loja 20, Brasília||HOSTEL||-|
Internet cafes (Lan houses) are increasingly common, and even small towns often have at least one spot with more or less decent connections.
An increasing number of hotels, airports and shopping malls also offer hotspots for Wi-Fi with your laptop computer or of course smartphone. Sometimes it is free, sometimes you need to register and there is a time limite and sometimes you need to pay a small amount for (day) use.
See also International Telephone Calls
The country calling code to Brazil is: 55. To make an international call from , the code is: 0014. All cities use the following emergency numbers: 190 (police), 192 (medical) and 193 (fire department). However, if you dial 911 or 112 while in Brazil, you will be redirected to the police.
Brazil uses two-digit area codes, and phone numbers are eight digits long. Numbers beginning with digits 2 to 5 are land lines, while eight-digit numbers beginning with digits 6 to 9 are mobile phones.
Public payphones use disposable prepaid cards, which come with 20, 40, 60 or 75 credits. The discount for buying cards with larger denominations is marginal. Phone booths are nearly everywhere, and all cards can be used in all booths, regardless of the owner phone company. Cards can be bought from many small shops, and almost all news agents sell them.
Brazil has 4 national mobile operators: Vivo (Telefónica Group), Claro (Telmex/América Móvil Group), OI and TIM (Telecom Italia Group), all of them running GSM and HSDPA/HSPA+ networks. Pay-as-you-go (pré-pago) SIM cards for GSM phones are widely available in places like newsstands, drugstores, supermarkets, retail shops, etc.
Correios is the national postal service of Brazil. It is a government run postal service and overseen by the Brazilian Ministry of Communications. Post offices are generally open from Monday to Friday from 09:00am to 5:00pm, although post offices located in shopping malls have their own opening hours, usually from 10:00am to 10:00pm. There are no set opening hours at weekends and as post office owners can choose when to open and close. More and more post offices are open until 1:00pm on Saturdays though. You can check things at the nearest post office.
Sending postcards, letters and parcels is a rather straightforward process and services are reliable, though not overly fast when sending post internationally, mostly taking about a week to the USA and Europe, and there is a track-and-trace service for this as well. Domestically, there are both next day as well as more expensive same day delivery options. Stamps are available at post offices, as well as some kiosks or other places where they sell postcards.
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