The British Antarctic Territory (BAT) is a sector of Antarctica claimed by the United Kingdom as one of its British Overseas Territories. It comprises the region south of 60°S latitude and between longitudes 20°W and 80°W, forming a wedge shape that extends to the South Pole. The Territory was formed on 3 March 1962, although the UK's claim to this portion of the Antarctic dates back to Letters Patent of 1908 and 1917.
The British Antarctic Territory includes the Antarctic Peninsula, the South Shetland Islands, South Orkney Islands and numerous other offshore islands, the Ronne Ice Shelf (Weddell Sea), parts of Coats Land, and a triangle of central continental Antarctica converging on the South Pole.
Unsurprisingly there are no cities in the BAT, only research stations including:
On the South Orkney Islands:
On the South Shetland Islands:
The Rothera Reseach station is the biggest one in the BAT, with a population of around 250 people. It also has a gravel airstrip that is used by Dash-7 airplanes coming in from Stanley at the Falkland Islands.
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