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The city of Córdoba has had a long and important history on the Iberian peninsula. The town is located in the Guadalquivir river valley, which made for easy access to the natural resources in the nearby Morena Mountains. The city was the capital of the Roman province of Hispania Ulterior Baetica, which was the southwest corner of modern Spain. The city remained very important during the Byzantine Empire and during the Visigoth occupation.
Córdoba became the capital again during the 10th century when the Moors set up an independent Caliphate in Spain. The city had between 250,000 people and 500,000, which is larger then today. The city went by the Arabic name of Qurţuba(قرطبة) at that time, and was one of the most important and the biggest western European city at that time. During the 10th century the city built many amazing sights and flourished. Everything changed in 1236 when the city was retaken by the Catholic ruler Fernando III during the reconquista. After that the city got in decline, until the late 19th century and the arrival of many industries, and later tourism. The reason why people visit Córdoba today is because of the many wonderful medieval sights in the city to explore.
The city is mainly divided between the north part of town and the southern part of town.
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The Mezquita, which means mosque in Spanish, is a present day Roman Catholic Cathedral located in the city. This religious site has under gone many transformations over the centuries. It originally was a Roman temple and over a thousand columns in the current church made of jasper, onyx and marble mostly belonged to the original Roman temple and several other Roman building in the area. A new church was built on the foundation of the temple in 600 AD by the Visigoths.
But when Moorish forces occupied the city in 711 they started to turn it into a mosque. At one time this mosque was the second largest in the muslim world. As the different rulers controlled the structure they left different things. This includes things like towers, larger columns and when the Christians took it back in 1236, re-consecrating it very quickly back into a church, alterations such as a royal chapel, replacing Islamic columns with Baroque style ones and a Renaissance style nave were built. Today the Mezquita is the most important church in Córdoba and entrance tickets cost €6.50.
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The summers are extremely dry with daily thermal oscillations. Some of these oscillations can reach up to 40 °C and the average daily maximum temperature is around 27 °C, which is the highest in Spain and Europe. Most of the rain occurs during the winter months of December through February with annual rainfall around 500 mm. Winters are mostly between 10 and 15 °C during the day, though nights can get chilly and frost is not unheard of.
|Avg Max||14.7 °C||16.9 °C||20.5 °C||22.1 °C||26.2 °C||31.6 °C||36.2 °C||35.9 °C||31.7 °C||25 °C||18.9 °C||15.3 °C|
|Avg Min||3.7 °C||4.9 °C||6.4 °C||8.6 °C||11.8 °C||15.5 °C||18.1 °C||18.5 °C||16.2 °C||12.1 °C||7.6 °C||5.2 °C|
|Rainfall||64 mm||53 mm||40 mm||61 mm||34 mm||17 mm||3 mm||3 mm||24 mm||62 mm||85 mm||89 mm|
Córdoba Airport (ODB) is a small airport that only used to serve a few flights within Spain and to Casablanca. The airport is located about 6 km west of the city centre.
Fly Sur was the only operator, but flights have been temporarily suspended.
The train station which was rebuilt in 1992 is a major stop along the high speed AVE Madrid - Seville line as well as many other regional and national train lines. Check RENFE for more information about schedules and prices.
The bus station is located across the street from the train station. Check Movelia for routes and more.
|Boston||Malaga 2 Plaza De Las Tendillas||Hotel||87|
|Hostal La Fuente||San Fernando 51||Guesthouse||87|
|Hostal Lineros 38||Calle Lineros 38||Hostel||84|
|Hotel Riviera Cordoba||Plaza De Aladreros 5||Hotel||86|
|Pension Cibeles||Cara 12||Guesthouse||83|
|Santa Ana Hostal||Calle Cardenal González 25||Guesthouse||89|
|Senses&Colours Añil Hostel||Barroso 4||HOSTEL||-|
|Funky Cordoba||Calle Lucano, 12||Hostel||83|
|Senses&Colours Seneca Hostel||conde y luque 7||GUESTHOUSE||80|
|Hotel Las Casas de la Juderia||Tomas Conde, 10||Hotel||-|
|Hostal Fonda La Corredera||Rodriguez Marin 23 Plaza de la Corredera 1||Guesthouse||84|
|Hotel Maestre||C/ Romero Barros, 4||Hotel||87|
|Hostal Maestre||C/ Romero Barros 6||Guesthouse||89|
|Hotel Los Patios||C/Cardenal Herrero, 14||Hotel||88|
|Hotel Serrano||Benito Pérez Galdós 6||Hotel||88|
|Hotel Marisa Cordoba||C/ Cardenal Herrero 6||Hotel||86|
|Hostal EL Triunfo SL||Corregidor Luis de la cerda, 7||Guesthouse||83|
|Apartments La Fuente||Calle Junio Galon s/n||APARTMENT||87|
|Eurostars Conquistador Hotel||Magistral González Francés 15 - 17||Hotel||-|
|Eurostars Ciudad de Córdoba||Avenida de Cádiz||Hotel||-|
|Eurostars Maimónides||Torrijos 4||Hotel||-|
|Al-Mudawar - Almodovar de Rio||Calle La Barca 18||Guesthouse||89|
|Hotel Oasis Cordoba||Avenida de Cadiz 78||HOTEL||84|
|Independent Travellers||Paseo de la Ribera, 4 Cordoba 14003||Guesthouse||-|
|Apartamentos San Fernando 62||San Fernando, 62||Apartment||-|
|Hostal Posada Los Alcazares||Corregidor Luis de la Cerda 6||Guesthouse||-|
|Apartamentos La Castilleja||C/ Huerta del Hierro, 22||Apartment||-|
|Eurostars Las Adelfas||Avenida de la Arruzafa||Hotel||-|
|Albergue Inturjoven Cordoba||Plaza de Juda Levi s/n||HOSTEL||84|
|Hotel Macia Alfaros||Alfaros 18||Hotel||-|
|B&B Casa Oasis||Los Rios 19 Almedinilla||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|San Pedro Apartment||San Pedro 23||APARTMENT||85|
|Hospederia Luis de Gongora||7 Horno de La Trinidad Cordoba||GUESTHOUSE||87|
|Cordoba Bed and Be||C/Cruz Conde 22||GUESTHOUSE||92|
|Apart Alcazar||Calle Postrera 19, B1.||APARTMENT||-|
|Trotamundo||Rodríguez Marín 13||HOSTEL||-|
|Hostal El Antiguo Convento||Rey Heredia 26||Hostel||-|
|Hostal Azahar Cordoba||C/ Cardenal González, 68||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|Hostal Azahar||C/ Corregidor Luis de la Cerda||Hostel||-|
Internet is widely available within Spain. Most airports have wifi-zones and in most towns there are internet cafés or shops where you can use internet for a fixed price. Wi-Fi points in bars and cafeterias are available after ordering, and most hotels offer Wi-Fi connection in common areas for their guests.
See also: International Telephone Calls
The international access code for Spain is +34. The emergency number for police, ambulance and the fire brigade is 112.
In cities you can find plenty of public phones, and 'locutorios'. The latter are small shops where you can use the phone and use internet. Most of them also sell prepaid cards for mobile telephones. These shops are used a lot by foreigners to call to their mother country.
The main mobile network operators in Spain are Yoigo, Vodafone, Movistar and Orange, as in most of Europe voice and data coverage is generally good in urban areas however it can be patchy in rural locations. Cheap mobile phones (less than €50) with some pre-paid minutes are sold at FNAC or any phone operator's shop (Vodafone, Movistar, Orange). Topping-up is then done by buying scratch cards from the small stores, supermarkets, vending points (often found in tobacco shops) or kiosks.
If you want to post a card, you can head to the post office (Correos). The Spanish post is not yet as efficient as colleagues in other countries so receiving a card can take a bit longer than the number of days that it should take. On the website of Correos, you can find the locations of nearby post offices.
Post offices are generally open from 8:30am to 2:00pm, although times will vary according to the size of the city/town and the main post offices might be open until the early evening. Most will also open again on Saturday mornings, but in the smaller towns will close as early as 12 noon. When posting a letter, look for a yellow box and, if possible, post at the post office itself where there will also be divisions for local, national and international mail. Be prepared for long queues at the post office. This is why tobacco shops sell stamps and many will also have the facility to weigh packages. Standard letters/postcards of up to 20 grams sent within Spain are €0.34. However, non-standard letters/postcards of up to 20g are €0.39. Letters/postcards of 20 to 50 grams are €0.45. In the case of international shipping, the price is €0.64 to most countries within Europe for standard envelopes (letters/postcards) up to 20g, for a few European countries and outside Europe it is €0.78. If you want to send a package you are probably better off with a private courier company like TNT, DHL or UPS, as they offer quick and reliable services against competitive prices.
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