The Central Highlands of Sri Lanka is a recognised World Heritage Site in Sri Lanka. The site comprises the Peak Wilderness Protected Area, the Horton Plains National Park and the Knuckles Conservation Forest. These are rain forests, where the elevation reaches 2,500 metres above sea level. The region harbors a variety of mammal species including the Bear Monkey and the Horton Plains Slender.
The Sri Lanka montane rain forests represent the montane and submontane moist forests above 1,000 metres in the central highlands and in the Knuckles mountain range. Half of Sri Lanka's endemic flowering plants and 51% of the endemic vertebrates are restricted to this ecoregion. This ecoregion is inhabited by five strict endemic mammals and eight near-endemics. The ecoregion also harbors five strict endemic bird species and 20 near endemics. The site incorporates three protected areas: Peak Wilderness Sanctuary, Horton Plains National Park and Knuckles Mountain Range.
Peak Wilderness Sanctuary is a sanctuary of 22,380 hectares of land area, which was established on 25 October 1940. Horton Plains National Park adjoins the eastern boundary. Horton Plains National Park has been originally designated a nature reserve on 5 December 1969 later elevated to the national park status on 16 March 1988. Knuckles mountain range is situated to the northeast and its relict, endemic flora and fauna is distinct from montane forest of central massif.
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