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Cornwall is the most southwesterly county in England. Cornwall is the only county in England to be adjacent to only one other, Devon. Perhaps this is one reason for many Cornish thinking of themselves as a separate nation and referring to 'the English' as foreigners.
Cornwall is a unitary authority and ceremonial county of England, within the United Kingdom. Cornwall is a peninsula bordered to the north and west by the Celtic Sea, to the south by the English Channel, and to the east by the county of Devon, over the River Tamar. Cornwall has a population of 536,000 and covers an area of 3,563 km2.
Cornwall is surrounded by water on three sides, and has some beautiful beaches, some of the best ones are listed below:
As might be expected, Cornwall's location means it is particularly favoured for gardens. Spring can be weeks ahead of much of northern England. (N.T. denotes National Trust properties). Gardens of Cornwall lists 60 gardens!
Although these are all similar, each has some special feature of its own - some of which are mentioned here.
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Cornwall has a temperate Oceanic climate and has the mildest and sunniest climate in the United Kingdom, as a result of its southerly latitude and the influence of the Gulf Stream. The average annual temperature in Cornwall ranges from 11.6 °C on the Isles of Scilly to 9.8 °C in the central uplands. Winters are amongst the warmest in the country due to the southerly latitude and moderating effects of the warm ocean currents, and frost and snow are very rare at the coast and are also rare in the central upland areas. Summers are however not as warm as those of other parts of southern England. The surrounding sea and its southwesterly position mean that Cornwall's weather can be relatively changeable. Cornwall is one of the sunniest areas in the UK, with 1541 hours of sunshine per year, with the highest average of 7.6 hours of sunshine per day in July. The moist, mild air coming from the south west brings higher amounts of rainfall than in eastern Great Britain, at 1051 to 1290 mm per year, however not as much as in more northern areas of the west coast. The Isles of Scilly, for example, have on average less than 2 days of air frost per year. In Scilly there is on average less than 1 day of the temperature exceeding 30 °C per year. Extreme temperatures in Cornwall are particularly rare; however, extreme weather in the form of storms and floods is common.
St Mary's Airport (ISC) operates flights between St Mary's and Penzance, Exeter, Newquay, Southampton, Land's End and seasonal flights to/from Bristol. Tresco Heliport has helicopters between Tresco and Penzance Heliport. The airport in Newquay has services to London, Dublin and Cork.
Regular trains run on the main line from London Paddington (12 daily to Plymouth, 3 hours, 8 daily all the way through Cornwall to Penzance, 5 hours) Bristol, Birmingham etc. to Plymouth, Truro and Penzance. There are also a few branch lines, the most useful linking St Ives to the main line at St Erth, from Truro to Falmouth via Perranwell and Penryn, and from Newquay to Par. There is also an overnight sleeper train which runs Sun-Fri nights to/from London Paddington and Penzance. Trains from London take about 3 hr 20 min to Plymouth, and 5 hr 30 min to Penzance.
Cornwall can be accessed by road via the A30 which starts at the end of the M5 at Exeter. Cornwall can also be accessed from the A38, crossing the Tamar River at Plymouth via the Tamar Bridge. From London it's a 5-6 hour drive. On Saturdays in July & August and Easter bank holiday weekend roads can be busy.
Cornwall is served well by National Express coach services from London Victoria coach station (9 hours, 3 daily) and other parts of the UK (Edinburgh - Glasgow - Penzance, 18 hours, 1 daily). Megabus also run a daily service (8 hours) from London Victoria through to Penzance stopping off at a few major towns in Cornwall. With ticket prices from £1 this is a very cheap option, the coaches are relatively comfortable, but expect them to be pretty much full.
Isles of Scilly Travel operates ferries from Penzance to St Mary's.
First Great Western and CrossCountry operate regular train services between the main centres of population.
Several bus companies operate in Cornwall including Western Greyhound, Truronian and First Bus.
Cornwall has recently become famous for its Michelin starred seafood restaurants, with Jamie Oliver and Rick Stein opening swanky restaurants in the county/country. Cornwall arguably has the most distinct and finest cuisine of all Britain, and a number of regional specialities.
There are numerous options in Cornwall, from luxurious to basic. Regarding the latter, a good website to check options is Campsites.co.uk.
|Porthtowan Backpackers||Seamyst, Beach Road, Porthtowan, Truro, Cornwall TR4 8AA||Hostel||-|
|YHA Golant||Penquite House, Golant Fowey||Hostel||-|
|YHA Treyarnon Bay||Padstow Cornwall||Hostel||-|
|Kendall Green||Well Street||Apartment||-|
|Falmouth Surf School Accommodation||1 Woodlane Close||Guesthouse||-|
|The Wellington Hotel||The Harbour Boscastle||Hotel||-|
|YHA Land's End - Cot Valley||Letcha Vean, St Just-in-Penwith Penzance, Cornwall||HOSTEL||-|
|Fore Street||60 Fore Street||Apartment||-|
|The Chantry||19 Liskeard Road Callington||Hotel||-|
|YHA Boswinger||Boswinger, Gorran St Austell||HOSTEL||-|
|YHA Tintagel||Dunderhole Point, Tintagel, Cornwall||HOSTEL||-|
|YHA Coverack||Parc Behan, School Hill, Coverack Helston||HOSTEL||-|
|YHA Perranporth||Droskyn Point, Perranporth, Cornwall||HOSTEL||-|
|Chy Carne Camping and Touring Park||Kuggar Ruan Minor||CAMPSITE||-|
|YHA Boscastle||Palace Stables, Boscastle, Cornwall Boscastle||HOSTEL||-|
|YHA Penzance||Castle Horneck, Alverton Cornwall, TR20 8TF||HOSTEL||92|
|Lower Penderleath Farm Hostel||Lower Penderleath Farm Towednack St. ives||Hostel||-|
Ask ljmp a question about Cornwall
I have lived in north Cornwall, near Padstow, for over 20 years and been visiting for 20 years before that! It's a beautiful county, but to get the most from it, like anywhere, you have to get off the beaten track and away from the masses.
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