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Donetsk

Travel Guide Europe Ukraine Donetsk

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Introduction

Donetsk

Donetsk

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Donetsk is a large city located in eastern Ukraine. It is a relatively new city, founded in 1869 by a Welsh businessman who set up a steel plant and some coal mines in the area. It is the fifth largest city in Ukraine with a population over 1,100,000.

Donetsk is also called the city of a million roses. This active, well groomed and blooming city welcomes tourists hospitably. Donetsk is considered to be the greenest of all industrial cities of the world.
The history of the city goes back to 1869, when the construction of a steel plant started here. The manager of the plant was technician metallurgist John Hughes, that’s why a settlement springing up around the plant was called Hughesovka (Yuzovka). From the Hughes’ plant (today the Donetsk Metallurgical Plant named after Lenin) started metallurgical industry of the Southern industrial region. In 1924 Yuzovka with population of more then 50 thousand inhabitants was renamed in Stalino. Since 1961 it is called Donetsk like now days. In 1978 the population of Donetsk totaled one million people.

The cultural centre of Donetsk and all the Donetsk region is one of the greatest arts museums of Ukraine, the holder of Award “Zolotoy Skif-1999”, Donetsk Regional Arts Museum. Its collection numbers 11500 works of painting, graphic, sculpture and other arts and crafts. Presentations of regional prizes named after painter A.Cuingy, composer S.Prokofjev, poet V.Sosjura, writer V.Shutov take place in museum halls.

The symbol of Donetsk region represented on the Donetsk Region Coat of Arms is the Palm of Mertsalov, which embodies prosperity and pride of its inhabitants. A copy of the famous work made by Ukrainian smith-master Aleksej Mertsalov, a worker of Hughes’ plant, is located near the building of Local History Museum. The original Palm with the weight 315 kg is kept in Saint Petersburg in the Mining Institute’s Museum.

The unique in Europe Park of Forged Figures is recommended to visit in Donetsk. As Donetsk is the first of the former Sovjet Union’s cities officially admitted to “The Ring of Cities-Smithes” involving the best blacksmith cities of the world. Fairy-tale characters, signs of the zodiac and many other works of blacksmith's art involve into the world of fantasy and elegance. The blacksmith's work festival takes place in the Park of Forged Figures every year.

A tour of the city gives an opportunity to see a lot of monuments: Memorial Tablet to Vasyl Stus, Monument to The Liberators of Donbass, Memorial to the soldiers fallen in Afghanistan and even the Joseph Kobzon statue.

Take a sightseeing tour of Donetsk and make sure, that an industrial city can be the centre of culture and beauty.

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Sights and Activities

Donbass Arena

Donbass Arena

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Donbass Arena
"Donbass Arena" is the first stadium in the Eastern Europe, which has been projected and constructed in accordance with UEFA standards and acquired the category of "VIP" category (five stars)! "Donbass Arena" is prestige and pride to the residents of our city, inhabitants of our region and citizens of our country! "Donbass Arena" is the center of sports, cultural and entertaining living! "Donbass Arena" is domestic sports ground for our favorite "Shakhtar" football team; we are the fans of that from generation to generation. We don't take a rest on our laurels, but determine the new and even more ambitious targets. The new discoveries, summits and success are waiting forward, as we hire the best specialists in every sphere and from all parts of the word.

Salt Mine

Salt mine

Salt mine

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Soledar (in 1965 – 1991 Carlo Libknehtovsk) is a small town of regional significance in the Donetsk region. It is known preliminary for its salt mines where in Soviet times produced up to 40% of the Union production of rock salts and 88% of Ukrainian extraction. The development of deposits of rock salt deposit is carried out by a mining method at the depth of 200 – 300 meters. As a result over one hundred years of underground work in the earth, a system of mine works has more than 200 km. Their sizes are striking. Sometimes they are up to 30 meters high. A speleosanatory for asthmatics has been organized here.

Homutovskaya steppe
Nowadays it is impossible to find large virgin steppe. The man mastered them, plowed and sowed. But in the Donetsk region there is a unique piece of ground – the Homutovskaya steppe showing to us how looked Azov in the distant past. The reserve with this name was organized in 1926.This is all that remained of the once immense wild field occupying the southern part of the Ukraine. At its open spaces appeared evolved and disappeared diverse peoples: Scythians, Sarmatians, Pechenegs, Polovtsians and many others who like waves rolled along boundless steppes, leaving on the barrows soldiers of hours – stone images. Unfortunately these idols of the past were not able to save the fertile steppes from men who plowed lands. Today the reserve area is of 1030,4 hectares, 90 of them are strictly protected areas that have never dealt with a plow and on which for 70 years the cattle have never been grazed and mowing haven’t been held. On its territory the plants of the plain feather – grass, steppe have been preserved and protected.
There are 604 species of flower plants and fern – grass, shrubs and trees. Among them 19 plants are endemic. It means that these plants grow only on this territory. There are also 59 species of mosses, 46 species o lichens and more than 270 species of mushrooms.
The most common and widespread of flora are feather – grasses, clovers, lychnises, tulips violets, almonds, gores, corn flowers, meadow grass, sage, cutter, and hundreds of other plants. Each of them and at one time adorn the steppe.

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Sleep

PropertyAddressTypePopularity
Art-Hotel LiverpoolSt. Artema 131VHOTEL-
Hostival Donetsk31- V , Kuibysheva streetHostel-
Grand Donetsk HostelGertsena 20HOSTEL-
The Red CatMyru Ave, 3/1HOSTEL-
Central City Donetsk ApartmentsDonetsk(Makeevka distrit ) Plehanova 61APARTMENT-
1 Euro Donetsk hostelApt. 120, Donetska Street (Central) 6 Makeyevka districtHOSTEL-
Donetsk Accommodation ApartmentsGertsena 20APARTMENT-
Hostel ButterflyShcolniy Blvd. 8-66HOSTEL-
Hotel Complex Europe86-A, Panfilova Ave.HOTEL-
Eva HotelSchorsa street, 29HOTEL-
Liverpool HotelArtema st., 131-VHOTEL-

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Keep Connected

Phone

See also: International Telephone Calls

Post

Ukraine Poshta is the national postal service of Ukraine (website is rather slow and not always working). Unfortunately, the postal service in Ukraine is unreliable or at least inefficient and slow. Most packages get stolen or searched for things that can be sold. Post offices exist in all cities and towns and postcards can be sent quite safely, but the service may be slow. Like many other businesses, post offices are open from around 9:00am to 6:00pm with a lunchbreak between 1:00pm and 2:00pm, though opening times may vary. Smaller ones in rural towns keep shorter hours, while the largest ones in Kiev are usually open very late, during weekends or even 24 hours! If you want to send a letter or postcard and buy stamps, just queue up at the line where you see envelops and cards. Be prepared to wait a while, also regarding the time it takes to send a postcard to Europe (a week) or the USA (two weeks), let alone places further afield. Always send letters by airmail (avia in Ukrainian). For faster (but more expensive) sendings of parcels, try companies like TNT, DHL, UPS or FedEx.

Quick Facts

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Coordinates
  • Latitude: 48.033392
  • Longitude: 37.747822

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This is version 24. Last edited at 2:06 on May 24, 13 by sleepBot. 3 articles link to this page.

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