Located in eastern Java, it includes the islands of Madura, which is connected to Java by the longest bridge in Indonesia, Suramadu Bridge, as well as the Kangean and Masalembu archipelagos located further east and north, respectively. Its capital is Surabaya, the second largest city in Indonesia and a major industrial center. Banyuwangi is the largest regency in East java and also in Java Island. It has a land border only with the province of Central Java to the west; Java Sea and Indian Ocean border its northern and southern coasts, respectively, while the narrow Bali Strait to the east separates Java from Bali.
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Mount Bromo is probably one of the best known mountains/volcanoes in Indonesia among travellers. It is an active volcano (latest eruption in January 2011) in the Tengger Massif in the east of the island of Java. It's not the highest mountain in the chain, but at 2,329 metres it's one of the most famous and easiest to excess. It's a very popular hike and although usually without problems, it is not entirely safe. The usual way to visit Mount Bromo is from the nearby mountain village of Cemoro Lawang. From there it is possible to walk to the volcano in about 45 minutes, but it is also possible to take an organized jeep tour, which includes a stop at the viewpoint on Mount Penanjakan at 2,770 metres (this mountain can be reached on foot in about 2 hours if you fancy walking). The best views from Mount Bromo to the sandy areas below and the surrounding volcanoes are at sunrise.
The Ijen Plateau or known as “Kawah Ijen” is highly recommended to mountain buffs and hikers. The Plateau was at one time a huge active crater, 134 square kilometres in area. Today, Ijen is an active volcano, and the landscape is dominated by the volcanic cones of Ijen (2,368 metres high) and Merapi (2,800 metres high) on the northeastern edge of the Plateau, and Raung (3,332 metres high) on the southwest corner. The magnificent turquoise sulfur lake of Kawah Ijen lies at 2,148 metres above sea level and is surrounded by the volcanos sheer crater walls. The vent is a source of sulfur and collectors work here, making the trek up to the crater and down to the lake every day. Sulfur collectors hike up in the morning and return around 1 pm when the clouds roll in. They carry shoulder basket of pure sulfur from a quarry on the lakes edge under the shadow of the sheer walls of the crater. The mineral at Kawah Ijen is purer and is worth commercial exploitation despite the horrendous labor involved: Javas homegrown sulfur is a natural source of sulfuric acid, in great demand in the oil-refining business and in the production of fertilizers.
Warm and humid tropical conditions apply to most of East Java, though the higher areas can be chilly, especially at night.
Juanda International Airport (SUB) serves as the main gateway with almost 20 airlines flying to/from Surabaya. Destinations include Kuala Lumpur, Jakarta, Singapore, Johor Bahru, Yogyakarta, Taipei, Hong Kong, Bali, Bandung and Bandar Seri Begawan.
DAMRI Buses are available to transport passengers from the airport to Purabaya Terminal, a bus terminal located not far from the airport. Taxis are widebly available outside the terminal building and can bring you anywhere in and around Surabaya.
Surabaya is connected by rail from Jakarta, Semarang and Yogyakarta with many stops in between. With new double tracks (as of 2014), the train now is faster, with travel time from Jakarta to Surabaya cut by around 3 hours in the new schedule. It is possible to travel to the region from Bali with an all-in "train" ticket that also covers the necessary bus and ferry portions. Using the train for Surabaya, Sidoarjo and surroundings is more convenient than using other ground transportation, because of 'Sidoarjo mudflow'.
Frequent buses travel across Java and this is a reliable, if not always comfortable, method of travel. All of the major cities and towns in the region can be reached by bus.
Ferries ply the route between Gilimanuk, Bali and Banyuwangi every 20 minutes, 24 hours a day. The crossing itself takes about 30 minutes, although embarking and disembarking can take much longer.
Surabaya is a major national and international port city and virtually every major coastal city in Indonesia is connected to it in some way.
The region is well served by the national rail network which connects all major cities and towns.
Driving anywhere is Java is a hazardous business for visitors not used to Indonesian driving habits. East Java is no exception and visitors are advised to rent a car with a driver if this is your chosen method of getting around in the region.
Eating is an extremely important part of life in East Java and there is an extraordinary range of options.
High quality western food is available in the large cities of Surabaya and Malang but there are so many local delights that any visitor is surely better off concentrating on these. Indonesian cuisine from all corners of this vast nation is widely available. As elsewhere in Indonesia, the best bet is often simple warungs and road-side stalls and the rule is to follow the local crowds.
The food of East Java is similar to that of Central Java. East Java foods tend to be less sweet and spicier compared to the Central Java ones. Fish and fish/seafood products are quite extensive, and terasi (dried shrimp paste) and petis udang (shrimp paste) are used a great deal. Specific East Javanese specialities include:
There is a local type of fermented palm tree alcohol, called tuak. Other popular drinks in East Java include:
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I live in Banyuwangi, East Java Province and I've been working as a travel guide till present. I'm not the expert but i'm sure that i'm the best for you for discussion about East Java.
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