The Far Eastern Russia is the largest federal district in Russia. However, its population of over 6 million is the lowest amongst the seven federal districts in Russia.
The Far Eastern federal district of Russia consists of eight federal subjects:
Far Eastern Russia has very cold winters but there are differences between places more inland and coastal areas. While Yakutsk for example sees temperatures below -30 °C from November to March, and sometimes temperatures below -50 °C are possible. Summers here are warm (around 20 °C) but short, lasting from June to August. This is also when most of the precipitation falls. In winter, there isn't much because it is simply too cold. Most of the snow falls between the end of September and early November and only starts melting in May.
Further southeast towards the Ocean, places like Vladivostok are milder, but still cold. Temperatures are around -15 °C in winter and well above 20 °C in summer. Most of the precipitation falls in summer here as well, with more snow compared to the inland areas in winter, because it is relatively mild.
The principal transit hubs, with good sized international airports, are Khabarovsk, Vladivostok, and to a lesser extent Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. In general, you will either arrive by plane or the Trans-Siberian Railway. But it is also possible to arrive by boat from Japan to destinations on the Russian Pacific coast.
Distances between cities and towns in the Russian Far East are huge, and most of the region is roadless. A combination of using the Trans-Siberian Railway, the Baikal-Amur Mainline, and for destinations off the rail system, domestic flights, reaches the majority, but not the entirety, of the region. In particular, Northeastern Russia is almost entirely without interregional transportation infrastructure and is off the Russian rail network - the one exception is the long, lonely, seasonal, and partially maintained country roads connecting Yakutsk to Magadan.
Kamchatka's road network is isolated from the rest of Russia; heading north from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky by road will only take you as far as Esso, road tracks passable by half-track vehicles in March extend as far as Palana; from Palana onwards, overland travel becomes wilderness adventure.
This lack of roads and rail network makes travel by sea along the coast a much more accessible option, with expedition cruising companies (such as Heritage Expedition) operating their own ice-strengthened polar research vessels on several trips from Sakhalin in the south to Kamchatka and Kamchatka north into the Russian Arctic including Wrangel and Herald Islands, famous for the density of polar bears.
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I had lived during 17 years at Magadan.
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