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The Forbidden City located in Beijing was the home of the Emperor and the Imperial Chinese government for almost five centuries. The site was orginally just an Imperial City of the Mongol Yuan Dynasty (1271–1368). After the fall of the Mongols, the emperor of the newly established Ming Dynasty (1368–1644), Hongwu Emperor, moved the capital from Beijing in the north to Nanjing in the south, and ordered that the Yuan palaces be burnt down. When his son Zhu Di became the Yongle Emperor, he moved the capital back to Beijing, and construction began in 1406 of what would become the Forbidden City. Contructed in 15 years by more than a million workers, this is one of the most amazing palaces in the world with thousands of rooms facing dozens of major courtyards. Remember to take some time to relax and enjoy the nice gardens, explore the side chambers that few visitors go to see and walk on the royal highway down the center of the Forbidden City.
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