Funafuti is the capital of the small island nation of Tuvalu, one of lowest countries in the world, just above sea level. The capital has well over 4500 inhabitants, making it the largest settlement. The Funafuti Atoll is the biggest in Tuvalu and it encircles the largest lagoon. There is not much to do or see but the airport, hotel, church (Church of Tuvalu) and some basic other facilities are all found at Funafuti Atoll. The capital of Tuvalu is sometimes stated as being Fongafale or Vaiaku, two of the four villages on the atoll, but the entire atoll of Funafuti is officially the capital of Tuvalu.
Funafuti Marine Conservation Area is the place to come if you ever dreamed about deserted islands and the real Robinson Crusoe feeling. The are contains five islets which are forming a necklace along the western side of the Funafuti atoll. They are all uninhabited and protected which also means ther is no fishing and no hunting and thre are no gathering areas.
The islets are very small and fringed with white sand. They also contain dense native forests and palm trees and are alive with the noise and activity of colonies of seabirds. Green turtles nest on the beaches as well, and while much of the coral close to shore has suffered from bleaching, it still provides a home for many species of brilliantly coloured reef fish. As recent as 2005 an exceptional storm destroyed a six islet, called Tepuka Savilivili. Tuvalu might just be one of the first countries in the world that will disappear when the global warming proces continues.
The conservation area was formed in 1996 and covers over 30 square kilometers of lagoon, reef, channel, ocean and island habitats. Luckily, it is all there waiting for you as it is open to visitors for snorkelling, walking, picnicking and bird-watching.
Following the fun-filled previous night, this is the first public holiday of the year, observed on January 1. Indeed, due to its proximity to the international dateline, Tuvalu is one of the first places where you can see the new year in, with the clock here ticking over into the next day 22 hours ahead of Honolulu in Hawaii.
This day is celebrated in Funafuti only and commemorates when a Japanese bomb fell through the city’s church roof on April 23, 1943. An American soldier had pre-estimated the danger, and 10 minutes prior to this had evacuated 680 villagers out of the building, of which inhabitants of Funafuti remain thankful for.
Held on October 1 every year, this event commemorates the independence of Tuvalu in 1978. It was a peaceful transition and today Tuvalu boasts status as the fourth smallest sovereign nation by land mass and the second smallest in population. Festivities are centered around Funafuti, where the airstrip hosts an official parade and dances.
There is not much variation in the weather on Funafuti. And that is actually a good thing. Temperatures hoover around 30 °C throughout the year during the day and don't drop below 25 °C at night on average. Although the sun shines a lot hear, it also rains a lot. There is not a real dry season, just a less wet season. The months of April to November still have around 250 mm of rain a month, while December to March sees 350 to 400 mm of rain a month. Most of it falls during heavy downpours in the late afternoon although rainy days are possible during the wetter months. Humidity as a result, is fairly high, but constant breezes bring some relief. And water is never far away!
You can take government supply ships, the Nivaga II and Manu Folau, to reach Nanumea Atoll or in fact any other of Tuvalu's Outer Islands from Funafuti. They both make crossing to the outer islands once every three or four weeks.
The other options include asking around if locals make the inter-island trips or having your own yacht.
Cars are rare on Funafuti. Your best bet will be renting small motorcycles or bikes.
Some taxis and minibuses travel around Funafuti.
as well as Hien (5%)
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