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Göreme National Park is one of the most beautiful naturally formed sights in Turkey. Two of the inactive volcanoes surrounding the region used to be active in earlier geological periods and with the eruption of the volcanoes the whole region was covered with tufa. Over the centuries with the rain and the wind several fairy chimneys, caves and rock formations were formed.
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Goreme National Park is composed of caves that have 12 churches, a dining room and a kitchen. It is a religious site used by Roman Christians in order to hide themselves. In fact some say that the word Goreme derived from Turkish word gorme which means "don't see". It's a Unesco World Heritage Site.
The Underground City of Kaymakli has nine levels beneath the ground with its ingenious exhaust systems, food storage places and ventilation spots. These were made by the people as a means of defence. When the levels go beneath the ground, they narrow, which is how the people protected themselves from mass attack, since the narrowness made it extremely difficult for attackers to get in with large numbers. That said, it's not the nicest place to visit if you're claustrophobic! The multitude of different passages were meant to hoodwink the enemy. The place also has a well and numerous ventilation ducts, some of which are hidden to the naked eye while others can be seen. The kitchen and the storage chambers are also worth looking at.
* The Pigeon Valley is an amazing place where one can see a lot of pigeons. The valley also has red coloured hills which at the time of sunset look extra-terrestrial. There is also a craftsmen workshop, where you can buy souvenirs. Please note you can also bargain here - start with a third of what they ask and you could get something for an excellent price.
Goreme can be easily travelled on foot although for going to Avanos and other far areas one needs to take a taxi or better still rent a bike or car. However, many of the roads are poor and potholed, so be sure to drive slowly.
Most people do one of two bus tours around Goreme. The tours are offerred by all hotels and guesthouses and are listed as the Red and ther Green Tour. Prices vary for the one day tours so shop around for the best deal. The Red tour takes in the Fairy Chimneus while the Green one heads South to the Valley region. Both are very good though the Green tour is the most popular.
|Rock Valley Pension||Isheli Mah, Içeridere Sok Goreme||Guesthouse||91|
|Goreme Suites||Aydinli Mah Guvercinlik Sok. No:8 Goreme/Cappadocia||Guesthouse||-|
|Guven Cave Hotel||Orta mah.Uzun dere cad. Nº29||Hotel||92|
|Local Cave House Hotel||Cevizler Sokak No:11 50180 Goreme Nevsehir Turkey||Hotel||95|
|Nomad Cave Hostel||goreme kasabasi nevsehir||Hostel||92|
|Travellers' Cave Pension||Gaferli Mah. No:28 Goreme||Guesthouse||88|
|Cave Hotel Saksagan||Okul Sokak No:1 Goreme - Nevsehir||Hostel||94|
|Sofa Hotel||Orta Mahalle Gedik Sokak No 9 Avanos||Hotel||93|
|Goreme House||Eselli Mahallesi No 47 Goreme||Guesthouse||-|
|Monastery Cave Hotel||Mustafapasa / Ürgüp / Nevsehir||Hotel||-|
|Goreme House Hotel||Eselli Mah. No :47||Hotel||-|
|Duru Hotel||Yukari Mah. Kadi Sok. No. 1||Hotel||-|
|Venessa Pension||camikebir mah. hafizaga.sok no:20||Guesthouse||-|
|Hotel Melagobia||Nidge Yolu Uzeri N.58 Derinkuyu Nevseir||Hotel||-|
|Selcuklu Evi Cave House Special Class||Yunak Mahallesi P.K. 55||Hotel||-|
|Ciner Hotel||Avcilar Mah. Ciner Cad. No:2 Göreme Nevsehir||Hotel||-|
|Avanos Evi||TR 50500 Avanos / Nevsehir||Guesthouse||-|
|The Village Cave Hotel||Çavu?in 50580 Avanos / Nev?ehir||Hotel||94|
|Hotel Lale Saray||Tekelli Mh. Nu:44 Uchisar/Nevsehir||Hotel||-|
|Akköy Evleri||Akköy Village||Guesthouse||-|
|Almer Hotel Kayseri||Osman Kavuncu Caddesi No:1 Duv||Hotel||-|
|Andromeda Houses||Orta Mahalle Maat Sokak No:4||Guesthouse||-|
|Bir Kedi Villa||Cami Kebir Mah.807 Sok No:31 Avanos||Guesthouse||-|
|Kayseri Almer Hotel||Osman Kavuncu Caddesi No:1 Duvenonu Meydani||Hotel||-|
|Castle Inn||Eski mahalle Bahce sokak, No:5||Hotel||-|
|Pandora Cave Hotel||Cavusin Koyu Maltepe sokak 2 Kume Mevkii no 165||Hotel||-|
|Elif Star Cave Hotel||Uzundere Caddesi No:37||Hotel||-|
Internet cafes can be found everywhere except small rural villages. The cost of an hour use of internet ranges from 1 YTL to 1.5 YTL. Wireless internet is becoming popular in some cafes in big cities such as Istanbul, Ankara, and Izmir, and at airpots. But in many other places it's still not available, or sometimes at a very high cost.
See also: International Telephone Calls
Turkey's international country code is 90. Dial 112 for an ambulance anywhere, from any telephone, without a charge. In case of a fire, dial 110; for police, call 155. However, in rural areas there is not a police coverage, so dial 156 for gendarme, a military unit for rural security. All these numbers are free of charge and can be called from a telephone booth without inserting a calling card, or any phone including cell phones.
There are telephone booths owned by Turk Telekom in major parts of cities. public phones now operate with chip telekom cards which are available in 30, 60 or 120 units and can be obtained at post offices, newspaper and tobacco kiosks.
It is estimated that approximately 98% of the population of Turkey lives within the coverage areas of Turkey’s three cell phone line providers. Line providers from most countries have roaming agreements with one or more of these companies. Pre-paid mobile phone SIM cards can be purchased for approximately TRY20-50. These can be purchased at the airport on arrival or from the many outlets in Istanbul and other large cities. Providers include Vodaphone.
PTT is the national post service in Turkey. Services are generally moderately fast but quite reliable. There is an extended price list on the PTT website, where you can see the costs of sending items within Turkey, countries in Europe and further afield. For sending packages one might also use international companies such as DHL and UPS and local companies such as Yurtici Kargo. Post offices bear the distinctive yellow PTT sign and are generally open between 9:00am to 12:00 noon and 1:30pm to 5:00pm from Monday to Friday. Some might keep longer hours or be open during the weekend as well, but this mainly applies to the larger ones or those in central places and tourist areas.
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