Howland Island is an uninhabited coral island located just north of the equator in the central Pacific Ocean, about 1,700 nautical miles (3,100 kilometres) southwest of Honolulu. The island lies almost halfway between Hawaii and Australia and is an unincorporated, unorganized territory of the United States. Geographically, together with Baker Island it forms part of the Phoenix Islands. For statistical purposes, Howland is grouped as one of the United States Minor Outlying Islands.
Howland is located at 0°48′24″N 176°36′59″WCoordinates: 0°48′24″N 176°36′59″W. It covers 1.8 km2, with 6.4 kilometres of coastline. The island has an elongated plantain-shape on a north-south axis. There is no lagoon. Howland Island National Wildlife Refuge consists of the 1.84 km2 island and the surrounding 129.80 km2 of submerged land.
Along with six other islands, the island was administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service as part of the Pacific Remote Islands National Wildlife Refuge Complex. In January 2009, that entity was upgraded to the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument by President George W. Bush.
The climate is equatorial, with little rainfall and intense sunshine. Temperatures are moderated somewhat by a constant wind from the east.
Public entry to the island is only by special use permit from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and it is generally restricted to scientists and educators. Representatives from the agency visit the island on average once every two years, often coordinating transportation with amateur radio operators or the U.S. Coast Guard to defray the high cost of logistical support.
Help contribute to this article to share the ad revenue.
We don't currently have any Travel Helpers for Howland Island
Except where otherwise noted, content of this article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License