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Jeju is a province of South Korea. It's located southwest of the country's mainland and has about 570,000 inhabitants. The name Jeju also refers to the island Jeju itself, which makes up for most of the province. There are however some smaller islands and rocks scattered along the main island.
It's a popular holiday destination for honeymooners from South Korea and nearby countries. The weather is perfect, although it can rain heavily sometimes (usually in outburst) and the combination of fantastic landscapes and beaches is one that few people can resist.
Jeju Island is a volcanic island, dominated by the Halla-San mountain, a volcano of 1,950 metres high and the highest mountain in South Korea. The province/island lies in the Korea Strait, south of South Korea and west of Japan. The island measures approximately 73 kilometres across, east to west, and 41 kilometres from north to south.
The island was created entirely from volcanic eruptions approximately 2 million years ago, during the time period extending from the Tertiary to the beginning of the Quaternary period, and consists chiefly of basalt and lava. The eruptions took place in the Cenozoic era.
An area covering about 12% (224 square kilometres) of Jejudo is known as Gotjawal Forest. This area remained uncultivated until the 21st century, as its base of ʻAʻā lava made it difficult to develop for agriculture. Because this forest remained pristine for so long, it has a unique ecology.
The forest is the main source of groundwater and thus the main water source for the half million people of the island, because rainwater penetrates directly into the aquifer through the cracks of the ʻAʻā lava under the forest. Gotjawal forest is considered an internationally important wetland under the Ramsar Convention by some researchers because it is the habitat of unique species of plants and is the main source of water for the residents, although to date it has not been declared a Ramsar site.
A full day adventure to climb the highest mountain in South Korea. Catch the #516 bus from the bus terminal in either JejuShi or Seowipo to "Hallasan" and be at the Seongpanak rest area by 9:30am or they won't let you climb. You should leave either city by 8:30am. It takes about 10 hours round trip to make the climb. Bring everything you would need, ie, water, snacks, a warm top, good shoes, hat etc. You can buy some things - halfway up there is a shop, but be prepared. It can be very busy during the tourist season.
A tall pillar of rock standing alone in the ocean, definately worth a picture. You can take a 5-minute bus ride from Seogwipo, or find it walking 20 minutes along the olle trail from the harbor area. Just east of the trail to Oedolgae, on the road, is another trail that leads down to an area you can snorkel and swim. There are some areas you can dive off the rock into the ocean on the far side, or just wade around in a shallow ocean water pool - left behind from an old fishery. Well worth an afternoon!
Jeju has a mild coastal climate with generally warm and humid conditions in summer and mild temperatures in winter, with temperatures rarely dropping below 5 °C during the coldest nights, except at higher elevations and in the north where snow is possible. The island is on the border of moderate and subtropical zones. Temperatures during the summer (June to mid-September) are mostly between 27 and 30 °C with nights around or above 20 °C. Winters are coldest up north, though the south remains relatively mild. Precipitation is heaviest during the warmer summer months with sometimes heavy downpours.
Jeju International Airport (CJU) is the third busiest airport in South Korea and handles all flights to/from the island. There are dozens of connections with other South Korean airports, as well as flights to and from China, Japan and Taiwan.
During high tourist season, June to August, plane tickets to Jeju can easily be double the price of low season, and can sometimes be booked solid for weeks, though airlines are trying to accomodate.
During low season, flying to or from Gimpo airport in Seoul can range from 30,000 Won to 100,000 Won or more depending on your airline. The cheaper airlines are Jeju Air, Jin Air and Eastar Jet. During low season, you can generally get low prices across the counter without reservation.
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There are ferries to 4 mainland cities, including Busan (11 hours), Incheon (13 hours), Wando (3 hours) and Mokpo (5.5 hours at 25,000 Won), though flying usually is much faster and sometimes even cheaper!
You can hire a car from the airport with either local or international car hire firms. This is a good option to see the island's many sights if you don't want to be in an organized tour and want to see as much as possible. Insurance is offered as an optional extra with the local companies. They can also rent out a Korean speaking GPS unit as well! Outside Jeju city traffic is very quiet. There are many traffic lights on the island, and you will notice that local drivers tend to just drive through red lights. (In the evening the lights change to a flashing amber, which basically means 'use your own judgement')
Cheap! Get a T Money card for 4,000 Won at any Family mart or GS25, add some money and you have free transfers for an hour off and on any bus. Fares range from 990 Won to no more than 4,000 Won to cross the entire island.
Since Jeju is equipped with 182 km-long coastal roads, it is quite popular among Korean university students to rent a bike. When the weather is adequate, you can ride around on a bike in Jeju much easier than you could in the rest of South Korea. There is less traffic, wider roads and it is possible to travel the island entirely by bicycle.
Rent a scooter from 20,000-40,000 Won a day depending on the season.
The people of Jeju have evolved various lifestyles, depending on whether they live in fishing villages, farm villages, or mountain villages so specialties vary within the region. Life in the farm villages was centered on farming, as it did around fishing or diving fishery in fishing villages, and did around dry-field farming or mushroom/mountain-green gathering in the mountain areas. As for agriculture, the production of rice is little. Instead, beans, barley, millets, buckwheat, and dry-field(upland) rice are the major items.
The most well known fruit is the hallabong. It has been grown here as early as the era of the Three Kingdoms, and were offered as presents to kings along with abalone as special products of Jeju. Pork from black-haired pigs is also a local specialty.
Foods from Jeju mainly made with saltwater fish, vegetables, and seaweed, and are usually seasoned with soybean paste. Salt water fish is used to make soups and gruels, and pork and chicken are used to make pyeonyuk (sliced boiled meat). The number of dishes set on a table is small and few seasonings are used. And usually, small numbers of ingredients are required to make dishes native to Jeju. The key to making Jeju-style foods is to keep the ingredient's natural flavor. The taste of the food is generally a bit salty, probably because foods are easily spoiled due to the warm temperature. In Jeju, there is no need to prepare Kimchi for the winter as in mainland Korea. It is quite warm during the winter and Chinese cabbages are left in the field. When they do prepare Kimchi for the winter, they tend to make few kinds and small amounts.
Restaurants are scattered across the entire island, usually near highway intersections, but the majority naturally lie around the coast and particularly in the urban centers of Jeju City and Jungmun/Seogwipo.
For non-Korean dining, the best option is Gecko's near Seogwipo (see details in the drinking section). In Jeju city there are some options. There is a Mexican restaurant near City Hall/Sinsan Park named El Paso that apparently serves up mediocre but passable Mexican fare. In Shin-jeju there is also an Indian restaurant named Rajmahal that serves up quality spicy Indian dishes. There is also another place with Pakistani/Indian cuisine called Baghdad Cafe around the City Hall/Sinsan Park area.
You can find many places to quench your thirst on Jeju.
JejuShi - city hall area (shi-chun), look and ask for:
|Island Guesthouse||1612-4 Boseong-ri ,Daejeong-eup Seogwipo-si, Jeju-do||HOSTEL||90|
|Jeju Hiking Inn||587-15, Seogwi-Dong, Seogwipo City Seogwipo||Hotel||90|
|Tae Gong Gak Inn & Guesthouse||823 Seo gwi dong Seo Gwi Po||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|Yeha Guesthouse Terminal||561-17, Samdo 1-dong Jeju-si||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|Doona Guesthouse||621, Bomok-Dong Seogwipo||GUESTHOUSE||95|
|Hani Guesthouse||Jeju-do Jeju-si Hallim-eub Geumneung-ri 1258||Hostel||-|
|Joseph Tree Guesthouse||Haeng-won ri 1545, Gujwa-eup||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|Backpackers in Jeju City Center||1772-18 Ido 2dong||GUESTHOUSE||90|
|Backpacker's Home||315-2, Seogwi-Dong Seogwipo-Si||HOSTEL||90|
|Arthouse||Gujwa-eup Woljeong-ri 958-1 Jeju Jeju City||GUESTHOUSE||88|
|Greenday Guest House||#251-9,Samdo 2(i)-dong Jeju-si, Jeju-do||GUESTHOUSE||91|
|DolDam Guesthouse Stone Wall||Daepyung-li 903-4||HOSTEL||-|
|Hae-Oh-Reum Guesthouse||4, Haengwon-Li, Gujaw-Eup Jeju-Si||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|h3 Hostel||Hallim-eub Geumneung-ri 1258 Jeju-do Jeju-si||HOSTEL||-|
|HKjeju||1192-14, SamDo 2-dong, Jeju-si, Jeju-do, Korea Tapdong-ro 17, Jeju-si, Jeju-do, Korea||HOSTEL||-|
|HK Jeju III||279-3, Namtae Haean-ro, Namwon-eup Seogwipo-si||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|Jeju The Guesthouse||3443 Sagye-ri, Andeok-myeon, Seogwipo-si Jeju-do||HOSTEL||-|
|HK Jeju Guesthouse||1192-14, SamDo 2-dong||Guesthouse||-|
|HKjeju II||7-1, Gwandeok-ro 15-gil, Jeju-si, Jeju-do, Korea 1331-1,il-do 1-dong, Jeju-si, Jeju-do, Korea||HOSTEL||88|
|Lefthander Guesthouse||471-25 sangdo-ri gugwa-eup Jeju-si South Korea||HOSTEL||93|
|Rainbow in Jeju||Ido 1(il)-dong Jeju-si||HOSTEL||92|
|SUM Guest House Jeju Airport||2829-1 Yongdam-1Dong Jeju-Si (Seo Gwang-ro 5Gil 2-||GUESTHOUSE||86|
|Sleeper Guesthouse||Seogwipo-si Jung Ang Dong, Ole Market 276-14||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|B&B Pan||1410, Geonip-dong||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|Jeju Skywalker Guesthouse||Ildo1dong 1348-2 Jejusi||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|Worlang House||#1271-5 Nohyeong-dong||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|Yellow Guesthouse||1477-1 Ildo Il Dong Jeju City||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|Yeowoolmok Guesthouse||662-1 Gujaup Walljungri||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|Yeha Guesthouse CityHall Branch||6th Floor, 278, Seogwang-ro Jeju-Si||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|The Danvillage Guesthouse||1578-2, Gosan-ri Hankyung-myun||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|Vision Guesthouse||1277-25 ildo-1dong||Guesthouse||-|
|Game Guesthouse||Geonip-dong 1347 Self-Governing||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|U & I Guesthouse||1772-10 Yido 2Dong Jeju City Jejudo||GUESTHOUSE||92|
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