Located in the northern part of Palestine, Jenin lies on the border of the Samarian Hills. It served as a transit station on the trade road. Jenin is the ancient En-gannim of the Bible and os the same village referred to as Ginaea. The Romans were the first to name the city of Jenin in the 16th century. The name was derived from Ein Ganim, meaning the spring of Ganim and referring the region’s plentiful springs. It was 4 kilometres from Jenin, at eh village of Burqin, where Jesus cured 10 lepers residing in a cave at the edge of the village. Jenin was occupied by the Crusaders in 1103 and then liberated by the Muslim leader Salah Din Al- Ayyoubi in 1187 during the famous battle of Hitteen.
Sights and Activities
- Burqin Church - The village of Burqin is located 3 kilometres west of Jenin. The church lies on the northern slope of the hill overlooking Wadi Burqin. The church is still used by Christian Greek Orthodox community of the village. Tradition suggests that Jesus, on his way to Jerusalem, passed by the village and miraculously healed the lepers there. This delightful small church has been restored several times through the centuries. The first church was in the cave where the miracle took place, while during the 6th – 9th century it was extended in front of the cave. The church was then rebuilt during the 12th century and enclosed by a wall. The present church comprises the cave and the new hall and have built during the 18th century .
- Khirbet Belameh - Located at the northwestern entrance to Jenin, lies the site of Belameh which dates back to the Bronze Age. In 1996, MOTA began excavations on a tunnel shaft, the most elaborate feature in Belameh. Through support from the UNDP, around 150 metres of tunnel is being transformed into an archeological park which will feature an educational sound and light show.
- Zababdeh - Dating back to Roman times the village has still remains of mosaics and vestiges from the Byzantine period. From these discoveries Zababdeh proves to have been a very famous Christian center influencing the whole area. Destroyed in the 7th century due to recurring religious wars, the village remained unpopulated and undiscovered for over 10 centuries. It wasn’t until the 17th century until the new Zababdeh was founded.
- Umm Al Rihan Forest - Umm Al Rihan forest is located at the extreme northwest of Jenin. It consists of a series of dense forests which are estimated to be ca. 60,000 dunums. The forest areas around Jenin are considered to be the largest woodlands in the West Bank forming approximately 86% of the forests. The area of Umm Al Rihan is state owned and part of the area is proposed as a natural reserve.
The most logical way to enter would be to fly into Ben Gurion International Airport in Israel, take a taxi or mini-bus to Damascus Gate in Jerusalem, from the Arab bus station take bus 18 to Ramallah (6.50 NIS, less than an hour), cross into Ramallah and take a shared taxi from the central bus station to Jenin (35 NIS, 1.5 to 2 hours).
Haddad Tourist Village, Tel:+972 (4) 2417010.
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