Jiangsu is one of the wealthiest provinces in China and is located in the central east of the country. Jiangsu is home to the mighty Yangtze River; China’s ancient engineering Wonder of the World in the Grand Canal; the World Heritage Listed Chinese classical gardens of Suzhou; the famous Confucius Temple and Mausoleum of Sun Yat-sen in Nanjing; and it is the best place to see the unique living water villages of the Yangtze River Delta. The many hidden treasures of Jiangsu include the Terracotta warriors of Xuzhou; the former residence of Nobel prize-winning American author, Pearl Buck; and endangered species of birds and animals.
China has three "Golden Week" holidays per year. People get a mandatory two or three days off work for each holiday, and workers' companies can grant them the rest of the week off, making each holiday a total of 7 days. As you can imagine, having almost 1.4 billion people with the same days off can make travelling at these times arduous to say the least.
Travelling during the Spring Festival/Chinese New Year is incredibly difficult. Chinese New Year is China's Christmas, so the millions of migrant workers and students flood back to their home towns. Everybody else takes the opportunity to spend their hong bao (gifts of money traditionally given at CNY) and go travelling. Most of the time, since you are only allowed to purchase train tickets 6 days in advance and must be present in the city of origin, sometimes only standing room tickets are available. Be aware! The Spring Festival is undoubtedly the busiest time for the Chinese transportation system. Flying will avoid the crowded trains, but book early and expect to pay higher prices. All the main tourist attractions will be crawling with tourists (worse than usual), so unless you like crowds, it's best to avoid it altogether.
Chinese New Year is based on the lunar calendar, so the date changes each year. The Chinese New Year/Spring Festival holiday is 7 days long and usually starts on New Year's Eve.
The two other national holidays are October 1st, National Day, celebrating the founding of the People's Republic of China and May 1st, which is International Labor Day. Almost all Chinese get the two holidays off and many take the opportunity to travel. If you want to avoid the crowds, fly, but it should get a lot less busy towards the end of the week.
There are a few airports in Jiangsu Province. The largest one, Nanjing Lukou International Airport (IATA: NKG, ICAO: ZSNJ) (南京禄口国际机场), is located about 35 kilometres southeast from downtown Nanjing. In 2008 the airport handled almost 9 million passengers and is one of the top 20 busiest airports in China. There are daily flights to almost every major and medium sized city in China with several flights a day to Beijing. There is also limited international service to Macau, Seoul, Bangkok, Hong Kong, Osaka, Tokyo, Frankfurt and Singapore. Recently cross-strait charter service has begun with Taipei, but these flights are very hard to book for international travellers.
It is easier to take a flight to or from Shanghai and continue by train, bus or taxi.
Huaiyang cuisine is the main attraction here It is considered one of the four main cuisines of China. Normally, Huaiyang cooking techniques consist of stewing and roasting, and the flavors are light, fresh and mellow. Much of its character is owed to the region's vinegar. The emphasis of this style is placed on the quality of the materials and on how the ingredients are cut. Fish and other water-creators are fresh. The cut and carving of vegetables and fruits add to the dishes. Some of the main dishes include:
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