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Jodhpur is the second largest city in the state of Rajasthan, India. It is also known as the Gateway to Thar (due to its location on the edge of the Thar desert), Sun City (due to the many sunny days), or City of Blue Houses (due to the large number of blue houses). The city is located 335 kilometres west from the state capital, Jaipur, and 200 kilometres from the city of Ajmer.
Jodhpur is a historic city and the origin dates to the year 1459 AD when it was founded by Rao Jodha, the Rajput chieftan of the Rathores. The Rathore kingdom was also known as the Marwar and was the largest in Rajputana.
The city was built as the new capital of the state of Marwar (now Rajasthan) to replace the ancient capital Mandore, the ruins of which can be seen near what is now the Mandore Gardens. The people of Jodhpur and surrounding areas are hence also commonly called as Marwaris. The forts and palaces, temples and havelis, culture and tradition, spices and fabrics, colour and texture, a booming handicrafts industry, all add up to make this historic city worth a visit.
Jodhpur fairs and festivals seem to express the rich culture and traditions Rajasthan. A number of festivals are celebrated in Jodhpur. However the most famous fairs and festivals in Jodhpur, Rajasthan are mentioned below.
The most popular Jodhpur festival is the Jodhpur Marwar Festival. It is held every year in memory of the heroes of Rajasthan. Marwar Festival of Jodhpur, Rajasthan was originally known as the Maand Festival. The festival is held in the month of Ashwin. Ashwin is a Hindu month between September and October. The Marwar festival in Jodhpur, India is celebrated during the full moon of Sharad Poornima. It goes on for two days.
The main attraction of this festival is the folk music centered on the romantic lifestyle of Rajasthan's rulers. The music and dance of the Marwar region is the main theme of this festival. The folk dancers and singers assemble at the festival and provide lively entertainment. These folk artists give others a peek into the days of yore, of battles and of the heroes who still live on through their songs.
Among other attractions at the festival, is the camel tattoo show and polo. The venue of this festival includes the famous Umaid Bhawan Palace, Mandore and Mehrangarh Fort.
The International kite festival of Jodhpur, Rajasthan began only a few years. However, even in such a short span of time, it has become quite popular. In the Jodhpur International Desert Kite festival, the best kite flyers from India as well as rest of the world take part. The aim is to show of your kite flying skills. A lot of excitement surrounds this festival.
Generally, the date of this Kite Festival in India is 14th of January (Makar Sankranti). It is a three-day festival, held at the Polo Ground in Jodhpur. Air Force helicopters also release a large number of kites from above. Hundreds of schoolchildren also release balloons. During the kite festival, the sky gets filled up with kites of various designs and colors. There is a lot of enthusiasm among the people also regarding this festival. It reaches the highest point when a kite gets cut.
The Jodhpur Nagaur Fair is the second biggest fair in India. The fair goes on for eight days. Nagaur Fair of Jodhpur, Rajasthan is held every year during the month of Jan-Feb.
It is popularly known as the Cattle fair of Nagaur. This is because the Nagaur Fair is mainly all about trading of animals. Approximately 70,000 bullocks, camels and horses are traded every year in this fair. The animals lavishly decorated and even their owners dress up wearing colorful turbans and long moustaches. Other trading in the Nagaur Fair in Jodhpur, India consists of sheep to Marwari horses to spices. Some other attractions include the Mirchi bazaar (largest red-chilly market of India), wooden items, iron-crafts and camel leather accessories.
Jodhpur experiences typical desert type climatic conditions with hot and dry summers and cool winters. The temperatures during the summer months(April-June) average around 40 °C while during the winters (November-February) the daytime temperatures average around 27 °C. Rainfall is scanty with most of the precipitation being received during the July-September period. The city is bright and sunny throughout the year. October to March is the best period to visit the city.
Jodhpur is well connected by road, rail and air to many major cities and towns.
Domestic flights are available from the Jodhpur airport (JDH) which is located around 5 kilometres from the city. Regular service carriers like Indian Airlines, Jet Airways, and Kingfisher Airlines operate flights from the airport to cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Udaipur and Jaipur.
Jodhpur is an important railway station of the North Western zone of the Indian Railways . It is well connected by direct trains from all metros and major cities in India, including Delhi, Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Jaipur, Jaisalmer, Bikaner, Lucknow, Kalka, Jammu, Kolkata, Chennai, Bangalore and Hyderabad. For example, the popular Mandor Express leaves Delhi at 8:45pm and arrives in Udaipur at 8:00am the next morning (Rs.1,000 in AC2). The taxi and auto-rickshaw stand are located near the exit of the railway station.
The advance reservation office is on Station Road, between the railway station and Sojati Gate. The office is open from Monday to Saturday from 8:00am to 8:00pm and on Sunday until 1:45pm IST. Foreign tourists can also buy Indrail passes in US$ and reserve tickets at the International Tourist Bureau, which is located at the advance reservation office. Tickets can also be booked online at IRCTC, the official railway booking site, from 5:00am to 11:30pm IST on all days.
Since February 2006, a train travels between Jodhpur and Karachi in Pakistan. It is the first international train travelling directly between the two countries since 1965. The Thar Express leaves Karachi at 11:00pm on Fridays, taking almost 24 hours before arriving in Jodhpur on Saturday evening. In the opposite direction, trains leave and arrive on approximately the same time on the same days taking 24 hours as well.
Approximate road distances to Jodhpur from various destinations are:
Various tour operators and travel agencies offer chauferred car-taxi services; these are charged on a per kilometre, per day basis. You can plan to take one to arrive into the city or take one for sightseeing in and around the city.
Jodhpur can be reached by Rajasthan State Road Transport Corporation buses which connect the city to other cities of Rajasthan. Private luxury buses are also available, which operate from all major towns and cities in Rajasthan as well as the cities of Ahmedabad and Delhi.
|Amar Niwas Guesthouse||507,singh pole marg Navchowkiya||Guesthouse||75|
|Bishnoi Village Camp and Resort||Village-Guda Bishnoiyan,District-Jodhpur 1-kh-10, Bhagat ki kothi extention||Hotel||-|
|Cosy Guest House||navechokiya road, bhram puri,chuna ki choki||Guesthouse||77|
|Durag Niwas Guest House||1st Old Public Park Raika Bagh||Guesthouse||97|
|Durag Villas Guest House||House no 1 Near K N College Rai Ka Bagh||Guesthouse||-|
|Fort Khejarla||Village Khejarla Via Bilara,District Jodhpur||Hotel||-|
|Hare Krishna Guesthouse||Mehron ka chowk naya bas killikhana,Jodhpur,Raj||Guesthouse||-|
|Hotel Haveli||Makrana Mohalla Opp. Tuvar Ji Ka Jhalara||Hotel||69|
|Haveli Inn Pal||Opposite gulab sagar Near clock tower||Hotel||75|
|Heaven Guest House||Behind Mehta Market Manak Chowk Road||Guesthouse||-|
|Hotel Suncity International||Hotel Suncity International Panchbatti Circle, Airport Road||Hotel||-|
|Kalinga Hotel||Near Railway Station||Hotel||-|
|Krishna Prakash Heritage Haveli||Nayabas, Killikhana||Hotel||78|
|Mandore Guesthouse||Near Mandore Garden Dadavari Lane,Mandore||Guesthouse||-|
|Saji Sanwri (Guest - House)||Gandhi Street, Near City Police Station,||Guesthouse||-|
|The Blue House Guest House||Sumer-Bhawan Moti Chowk||Guesthouse||68|
|Veggi Guesthouse||293, Singhvion ka Mohalla Ramdeo Chowk Navchowkia||Guesthouse||-|
|Yogi Guest House||Raj Purohitji ki Haveli Naya Bas Manak Chowk||Guesthouse||-|
|Heritage Kuchaman Haveli||Inside Merti Gate||Hotel||0091 291 2547787||-|
|Jee Ri Haveli||Near Rajmahal Sr. Hr. Sec. School||HOTEL||88|
|Shahi Guest House||City Police Gandhi Street||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|Govind Hotel||OPP. MAIN G.P.O STATION ROAD||Hotel||-|
|Megh Niwas Hotel||30, Umed Club Road||Guesthouse||-|
|Madho Niwas||New Airport Road Ratanada||Hostel||-|
|AJIT MANSION||Near Panch Batti Circle Residency Road||Guesthouse||-|
|Maru Garh||Chopasni Village Pal Link Road Jaisalmer by-pass||Hotel||-|
|Hotel Rajputana Palace||Panch Batti Circle Airport Road Rajasthan||Hotel||-|
|Shiva Guest House||4, Kuchaman House, Near Panch Batti Circle||Guesthouse||-|
|Chhotaram Prajapat's Homestay||Kumharon ki dhani , Near Gosala v/p-Salawas||HOTEL||-|
|Hotel Megh Niwas||30 Umed Club Road, NH-65||Hotel||-|
|Ganpati G.H.||Makrana Mohalla||GUESTHOUSE||62|
|Hotel Apex International||689, 9th 'C' Road||Hotel||-|
|The Kothi Heritage||Bachraj Ji Ka Bagh 9th Chopasni Road Sardarpura||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|Ganesham Guest House||Sector-4, Defence lab road, ratanada Near Ratanada Petrol Pump Circle||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|Shivam Paying Guest House||Makrana Mohalla||GUESTHOUSE||75|
|Hotel Megh Niwas||30 Umed Club Near Circut House||Hotel||-|
|Anil Sunrise Guest House||Near The Clock Tower Manak Chowk Road||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|Hem Guest House||Near Jain Temple, Daftariyon Ka Mohalla, Moti Chowk||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|Royal Rai's Guest House||190,Umaid Heritage, ath the foot hills of Umaid Bh||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|Sarvar Guest House||manak chowk clock tower Road||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|Baba Haveli Guest House||A Heritage Home of Jaipur 66 A, Sanjay Colony RPA Road Nerhu Nagar||Apartment||84|
|Haveli Guest House||Makrana Mohalla Rajasthan||Guesthouse||-|
|Vedas Heritage||Khaas Bagh Opp. Police Line Ratanada||HOTEL||-|
|The Kothi Heritage||Pal Road||Guesthouse||-|
|Juna Mahal Boutique Home Stay||Ada Bazar, Daga Street||HOTEL||84|
|Kalbeliya Gypsy Home||Choopasni Village||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|Kiran Vilas||5, Veer Durga Das Nagar, Paota 'C' Road,||HOTEL||-|
|Colonels Cottage||New Nagaur Road, Mandore||Guesthouse||-|
|Chandelao Garh||Chandelao Garh Village & Post||Hotel||-|
|Blooming House||House No. 51,suray colony , residency road,||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|Fun World Park Club & Resort||chopasani Road||Hotel||-|
|Jagdamba Guest House||Katla Bazar Kansara Street, Near Kunj Bihari Mand||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|Ambrosia Megh Niwas||30 Umed Club road Jodhpur Rajasthan||Hotel||-|
|Nirali Dhani Ethnic Hotel and Resort||Opposite Siddhnath Circle,Chopasni Housing Board Chopasni Road, Jadhour||HOTEL||-|
|Hotel Madho Vilas||Bhenswara House New Airport Road, Ratanada||HOTEL||-|
|Kesar Heritage Guest House||mehron ka chowk naya bas Jodhpur||GUESTHOUSE||74|
There's good coverage over most of India for Internet cafes. However, following the recent terror attacks in Mumbai and some other cities, all internet cafes have been instructed by the authorities to maintain a register and note down the identification details of all persons using internet. Sify iWay is a reliable and cheap cafe with over 1,600 cafes over India. iWay also allows you to open a pre-paid account that you can use all over India. Whenever you have Internet access probably the best and cheapest way to call family and friends at home is software that allows users to make voice calls over the Internet such as Skype.
Wifi hotspots in India are, for most part, limited. The major airports and stations do offer paid wifi at around RS.60-100 an hour. Delhi, Bangalore, Pune and Mumbai are the only cities with decent wifi coverage. At Mumbai airport, you get to use WiFi internet free, for an hour or so.
See also International Telephone Calls
The country code for India is 91. To dial outside the country from India, prefix the country code with 00.
The general emergency number is 100 (emergency response police & fire), while for ambulance you should dial 102 or 112, though some regions have 108 for this emergency. 108 is used in in the Indian states of Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Gujarat, Uttarakhand, Goa, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Kerala, Odisha,Assam, Meghalaya, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. 108 can be called for medical, crime, fire, or any other emergency from any phone.
Local phone numbers can be anywhere from 5-8 digits long. But when the area code is included, all landline phone numbers in India are 10 digits long. Cellphone numbers usually start with '9', '8', or '7'. Toll-free numbers start with 1-800.
If staying longterm it is probably wise to think about investing in a mobile phone. You'll possibly need to provide a photocopy of your passport and itinerary, so come prepared. Make sure you arrange it upon arrival in a big city, as it can sometimes be difficult to organise with language barriers and such in more regional areas. You can buy a cheap nokia for about RS.1,200 with a pre-paid plan. Airtel is a good carrier to think about as they have great coverage, and constant offers for cheaper calling. To recharge, most shop vendors with phone carrier signs can do it via their own phone. You give them your mobile number, they put it in their phone and you'll both get messages as to whether or not the recharge has been successful. Also, if possible, buy the phone in the state where you do the most travelling as the charges are higher in the states where you did not originally buy the phone.
Over the entire country there are plenty of public phones, even in the middle of the countryside. Although most of the time these phones are not very well maintained and have horrible connections. Therefore remember when using one of these public phones one must be extremely patient.
For international calls from payphones, you'll have to visit a reputable internet cafe with a phone-booth. Mobile phones are usually a better and cheaper option.
India Post is the national postal service of India, and on their website you find details about prices to send postcards, letters and parcels, both domestically and internationally. For most postcards to send internationally, it is better to visit the post office before writing on the card as you may need quite a few stamps. Parcels must be taken to a tailor, he will then sew it up in white linen. Make sure he seals it with red wax, otherwise the post office may refuse to send it or try to get you to pay them to do it. Sewing up a parcel should only cost RS.50 to 200. In general, post offices are open from 10:00am to 1:00pm and 1:30pm to 4:30pm in most bigger towns and cities, though there are regional variations and some might keep longer hours or be open during (part of) the weekend as well. Ask around.
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