Lampedusa is the largest island of the Italian Pelagie Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The commune of Lampedusa e Linosa is part of the Sicilian province of Agrigento which also includes the smaller islands of Linosa and Lampione. It is the southernmost part of Italy and Italy's southernmost island. Tunisia, which is about 113 kilometres away, is the closest landfall to the islands. Sicily is farther at 205 kilometres, whilst the island nation of Malta is 176 kilometres to the east.
Since the early 2000s, the island has become a primary European entry point for migrants, mainly coming from Africa.
In 2013, Rabbit Beach, located in the southern part of the island, was voted the world's best beach by travel site TripAdvisor.
Lampedusa has a semi-arid climate. It has very mild winters with moderate rainfall and hot, dry summers.
The sea surrounding the island is relatively shallow. The waters are warm most of the year, the highest temperatures recorded in August, typically 27 to 28 °C. The average annual temperature is 22.4 ° C, the average winter is between 15 °C and 17 °C, the summer between 28 °C and 30 °C. The highest temperature ever recorded is +45 °C in July 1904, while the minimum absolute was of + 1 °C in January 1895.
There are year-round flights from Lampedusa Airport to Palermo and Catania on the Sicilian mainland. In the summer, there are additional services to Rome and Milan, besides many other seasonal links with the Italian mainland.
A ferry service links the island with Porto Empedocle, near Agrigento, Sicily.
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