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The state of Lower Austria (German: Niederösterreich), is located in the eastern part of central Austria. It borders to the Czech Republic in the north, and Slovakia in the east. In the central part of this Bundesland flows the river Danube. Within the state, lies the city state of Vienna. The capital of the state is Sankt Pölten.
Mayerling Is a small town of around only 200 people to the southwest of Vienna. The town is most famous for the events that happened at the small hunting lodge on January 30, 1889. On that fateful night Crown Prince Rudolf was found dead together with his mistress Mary Vetsera, apparently as a result of suicide. There are many theories about what happened, but none was confirmed over the years. On the site where the Prince was found, a chapel was built, which can be visited. It is also planned to open a visitors center here.
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A bit outside of Vienna, and close to the border with Slovakia lies the Schloss Hof. It was commissioned by Prinz Eugen of Savoy in 1726, to be used as a summer residence/hunting lodge. After him several members of the Habsburg royal family used it for the same purpose. In the last decades the palace was renovated and made accessible for visitors. Besides the palace itself the Meierhof and the gardens (that includes a small zoo) hold enough to keep you entertained. In the summer season there are festivals, markets and concerts. There are as well several workshops aimed at children. Before Christmas there is a Christmis markets in the Advent weekends.
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The most famous sight of the little town of Melk is the famous abbey Stift Melk. The abbey can be visited and has guided tours. These are mainly in German, but in the summer season, there are also tours in English, French and Italian. In 2011 a new part of the abbey will be opened for the public.
The Wagram is a fertile valley along the Danube river. It makes for a popular daytrip from Vienna.
The nearest international airport is the airport of Vienna: Vienna International Airport (VIE) It is the main hub of Austrian Airlines and services flights from Europe, Asia, the Middle East and Africa. Dozens of airlines use the airport. Some of the main places served include Moscow, London, Paris, Amsterdam, Frankfurt, Rome, Barcelona, Madrid, Lisbon, Helsinki, Copenhagen, Oslo, Stockholm, Athens, Istanbul, Dublin, Riga, Berlin, Malta, Montreal, Toronto, Amman, Astana, Cairo, Bangkok, Beijing, New York, Washington, D.C., Tehran, Tel Aviv, Tokyo, Taipei, Dubai, Seoul, Doha, Jeddah and Kiev.
Check the website of ÖBB (Österreiche Bundesbahn) for more information and timetables.
From the west to the east the A1 West Autobahn run through the state. It roughly follows the Danube, until Melk, from there it heads straight to Vienna, where the Danube, makes a detour in a more northern direction.
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