© All Rights Reserved Mistrale
Lyon is a city of 1.7 million residents in eastern France, famous for its food and film history. Lyon has its origins in the century before Christ's birth, when it was founded by the Romans and named Lugdunum. A rich history has seen Lyon develop into a vibrant, culturally significant metropolis at the convergence of the Rhône and Saône rivers. It was the centre for the French Resistance and Nazi stronghold during World War II.
It was the home to the Masons in Europe. Nostradamus and Albert Camus were residents. Lyon native and pilot for the Free French Air Force in 1944, Antoine de Saint-Exupery, wrote the Little Prince.
The Place Bellecour is the largest plaza in Lyon and is the largest clear square (ie. without any obstacles like trees) in Europe. In the centre of the square there is a large statue of King Louis XIV mounted on a horse, which was made in 1825. The square is the focal point of the city and has the largest metro station, Bellecour Station, beneath it that connects the A and D lines. The major shopping streets of Rue de la République and Rue Victor Hugo also intersect with the square.
© All Rights Reserved timnz
Lyon lies on the border of a maritime and humid subtropical climate, with Mediterranean influences in summer and sometimes cold winds during winters. Average maximum temperatures in summers (June to September) are 24-27 °C with nights in the 13-16 °C range. Winters from December to February see highs of 6-8 °C with nights just above zero on average, though lows of almost -20 °C have been recorded under severe circumstances. In summer, temperatures can hit almost 40 °C sometimes. Precipitation is fairly even throughout the year with around 60 mm a month on about 10 to 12 days each month. Annual rainfall is around 850 mm and summers are just a bit wetter. Snow is possible in winter, but doesn't last very long in general.
|Avg Max||6.2 °C||8.4 °C||12.4 °C||15.3 °C||20 °C||23.5 °C||27 °C||26.7 °C||22.3 °C||16.7 °C||10.2 °C||7.1 °C|
|Avg Min||0.1 °C||1.2 °C||3.3 °C||5.6 °C||9.9 °C||13.1 °C||15.6 °C||15.3 °C||11.9 °C||8.4 °C||3.6 °C||1.5 °C|
|Rainfall||52.9 mm||50.5 mm||54.8 mm||72.3 mm||87.8 mm||80.2 mm||62 mm||69 mm||88.3 mm||94.7 mm||75.1 mm||55.5 mm|
Saint-Exupéry International Airport (LYS) is located 20 kilometres east of the city centre of Lyon. It services flights to and from other cities in France, Europe and Africa. Air France is the main airline providing domestic routes to Lyon. It is in Terminal 2, along with Royal Air Maroc while all other airlines are based in Terminal 1.
In 1994 the LGV Rhône-Alpes high-speed rail line brought TGV service to the airport, providing direct trains to Paris and Marseille.
The high speed train (TGV) runs from Paris (Gare de Lyon) to Lyon (Part Dieu) or Paris Charles de Gaulle (CDG) to Lyon (Perrache). Arrive at the station early to have your ticket validated at a yellow machine. Make sure that you read the signboards on the platform very carefully before entering the train. Lyon is also connected Lille, Brussels, and in the future Amsterdam to the north, and Marseille, Montpellier, and in the future Barcelona and Turin to the south by the TGV.
There could be two trains arriving as a single joined train. When the trains leave the station, they will separate into two trains heading in different directions. You want to compare the terminus of your train to the terminus listed for the trains marked on the sign to enter the correct train. Then compare your car number to the numbers on the sign. This will tell you where to stand on the platform under the area signs to enter the correct car.
Luggage is stored on a rack (pack light!). Bathrooms are gender-specific and one is on each level. The cars are two levels tall. There is a snack bar on the upper level.
Lyon lies at the crossroads of several highways: the A6 (to Paris), the A7 (to Marseille), the A42 (to Geneve), and the A43 (to Grenoble). The city is now bypassed by the A46 highway as well.
TCL (Transports en Commun Lyonnais) provides the public transport system in Lyon. There is an extensive bus, tram and metro system. The subway network has 4 lines:
Togethere there are 39 stations and there are connections with a frequency up to 2 minutes during the busiest hours, less so during the evenings. Also check the lines at urbanrail.
You can purchase your ticket for the metro from vending machines but the credit cards must have a microchip. This is common in Europe but not the USA. Paper banknotes (cash) are not accepted so make sure you have plenty of coins. The same ticket works on the bus and metro for 1 hour from the time of purchase. A carnet (10 rides) of tickets can be purchased at a reduced rate at the vending machines. You can buy a daily ticket for €5.20 (July 2014) which lets you go on all the trains, buses and funiculaire as often as you like, but there doesn't seem to be a concession for children, and it specifies 4+ needs a ticket.
There are four tram lines: T1 from Montrochet in the south to IUT-Feyssine in the north, Tram T2 from Perrache railway station in the southwest to Saint-Priest in the southeast, Tram T3 from Part-Dieu to Meyzieu, and Tram T4 from Mendès-France to Feyzin. There are also two funicular lines from Vieux Lyon to Saint-Just and Fourvière.
The bus system runs in Lyon and the outer suburban areas. In the suburbs, each stop has a schedule posted. Larger stops have a map, schedule, bench and shelter. The ticket can be purchased from the driver. However, cash in small denominations is appreciated. After you purchase the ticket, stick it in the validation machine right next to the driver with the dark strip facing up and keep it after it is validated. If you are caught riding without a validated ticket, there is a large fine.
In Lyon, the busstops have automated signs showing you when the next several buses will arrive at your stop.
Lyon is very manageable on foot. The area is small and the free maps, from the tourist bureau, list almost every street in the city.
Vélo'v provides a bicycle network where you can hire bicycles at a low cost. The service includes the hiring of bicycles which can be picked up and dropped off at any of 340 stations throughout the city. Borrowing a bicycle for less than 30 minutes is free.
Lyon is the centre for traditional French cuisine. Some of the best chefs in the world have restaurants in Lyon. In Old Lyon, Bouchons serve traditional fare. For more information, check the Bouchons article. Bellecour Square (La Place Bellecour) has modern eats and chain restaurants.
|Éthic Étape-CISL-Lyon||103, Boulevard des Etats-Unis||Hostel||-|
|Grand Hotel de la Paix||47 rue Président Edouard Herriot||Hotel||-|
|Hotel Axotel Perrache||12, rue Marc Antoine Petit - 69002||HOTEL||82|
|Hotel de Bretagne||10 rue Dubois||Hotel||82|
|Hotel des Savoies||80 rue de la Charité||Hotel||80|
|Hotel Stars Lyon Bron||Village Hotelier Rue Maryse Bastié, Bron||Hotel||81|
|HOTELO||37 Cours De Verdun||Hotel||-|
|Les Carres Pegase||31 rue Chevreul||Hotel||-|
|Hotel Victoria Lyon Perrache Confluence||3 Rue Delandine Cours Verdun||HOTEL||84|
|Le Simplon||11 Rue Duhamel||Hotel||85|
|Hotel de la Marne||78 rue de la Charite||Hotel||84|
|Best Western Charlemagne||23 cours Charlemagne||Hotel||-|
|Grand Hotel des Terreaux||16 rue Lanterne||Hotel||-|
|Hotel Best Western Saphir||18 Rue Louis Loucheur||Hotel||82|
|Kyriad Lyon - Bron Eurexpo||2 AVENUE LOUIS MOUILLARD AEROPORT DE BRON||Hotel||-|
|Hôtel Kyriad Lyon Croix Rousse||48, rue Hénon||Hotel||79|
|Hotel de la Croix-Rousse||157 boulevard de la croix rousse 69004 LYON||Hotel||85|
|Appart Hotel Odalys Bioparc||60, Avenue Rockefeller||APARTMENT||83|
|Cool & Bed||32 quai Arloing||HOSTEL||85|
|Hotel Iris Lyon||36, rue de l'Arbre Sec||HOTEL||-|
|Artelit Studio||16 rue du Boeuf||APARTMENT||-|
|Atelier Des Canuts||21 rue d’Austerlitz||APARTMENT||-|
|La Villa du Rhône B&B||58 Chemin de la Lune Miribel||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|Les Soyeuses B&B||49 Rue des Tables Claudiennes||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|Kyriad Lyon Sud Saint Foy.||35 CHEMIN DE LA CROIX PIVORT||Hotel||-|
France is one of the best connected countries in the world, with data speed for upload/download ranked among the top 5 in the world. Most hotels and hostels would have in-house facilities to provide free internet access. Many major cities also have initiatives put in place to provide free wi-fi connection in public spaces. Alternatively there are internet cafés available in most cities/towns at a reasonable rate. Some private businesses, such as local cafés (or even the Starbuck's chain), may also provide wi-fi connectivity - keep an eye out for the signs by the shop windows/doors. Also look for the @ symbol prominently displayed, which indicates internet availability. However, with most homes now wired for the internet, cyber cafés are increasingly hard to find, especially outside the major cities.
See also: International Telephone Calls
To dial an international number from France, the IDD is 00, followed by the country code that you wish to dial, the area code and the phone number.
To call France from abroad, start with the international direct dialing (IDD) code from the country you're in, followed by French country code 33, the area code (drop the first zero in front of the area code), and the phone number. French telephone numbers are rarely given without the area code. The telephone number, including the area code, is made up of 10 digits. They are written in a set of 5 pairs of digits (i.e. 01 xx xx xx xx xx).
In France, the area code designations are: 01 - Paris Area ("Région Ile-de-France"), 02 - northwest, 03 - northeast, 04 - southeast, 05 - southwest, 06 - mobile phone providers. From 2010 onwards, 07 will also be assigned to mobile phone providers in order to cater for the surging demands for mobile phones.
Emergency numbers are 15 (medical aid), 17 (police station) and 18 (fire/rescue). You can also use the European emergency number 112 (perhaps a better choice if you don't speak French). These calls are free and accessible from virtually any phone, including locked cellphones.
France uses the GSM standard of cellular phones (900 MHz and 1800 MHz bands) used in most of the world outside of the U.S. There are several companies (Orange, SFR, Free, Bouygues Télécom and some others MVNOs like Virgin Mobile) offering wireless service. The country is almost totally covered but you may have difficulties using your mobile phone in rural or mountainous areas. If you stay for some time, it may be advisable to buy a pre-paid cell phone card that you can use in any phone that supports the GSM standard on the 900/1800 MHz bands. Then incoming calls and SMSes are free.
La Poste in France is also referred to as the PTT (short for postes, télégraphes et téléphones). The mailboxes are painted bright yellow and often there is a slot for local city mail and another slot for "outside mail". Normally there is a queue in the post office, but most of the post offices have the self service machine installed which is quite easy to operate. Nowadays many of the tabac and even some of the souvenir shops also sell postage stamps. Normally an overseas postcard costs almost as much as sending a letter. Mails sent in France also have a zip code. The first two numbers represent the administrative department (e.g. in Paris' case that would be 75).
Post offices are generally open from 8:00am to 7:00pm Monday through Friday, and 8:00am to noon on Saturdays. Apart from the basic job of mailing letters, most of the post offices do some banking activities also and some even have photocopy machines and cyber cafes for internet access.
Help contribute to this article to share the ad revenue.
Ask helenely a question about Lyon
As a native speaker of Lyon and an English teacher and writer I can give useful information about Lyon.
I am also the founder of Lyon City Blog (http://lyoncityblog.fr) and Lyon France Traveller that offers prestigious personalized short stays in Lyon region (htpp://www.lyonfrancetraveller.com).
Except where otherwise noted, content of this article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License