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Borneo's Malaysian half is less-populated than Peninsular Malaysia, but larger in size and in natural resources. Travellers visit the island for its rugged natural attractions, in particular the Mulu caves and Mount Kinabalu.
As the name suggest, Malaysian Borneo is located on the island of Borneo. Borneo is administratively divided between Malaysia, Indonesia and the state of Brunei (north). The Malaysian territory is on the north side of the island, bounded on the north by the South China Sea.
Malaysian Borneo is also known as East Malaysia.
Malaysian Borneo has a tropical climate, meaning hot and humid conditions throughout the year. Temperatures are normally between 27 °C and 32 °C during the day and rarely dropping below 20 °C at night, though mountainous areas can be (a lot) colder and frost at the top of Mount Kinabalu is common, especially at night. There is no real dry season, just a drier season from May to September. November to January is the wettest time of year, though regional variations apply. Check the Sabah and Sarawak articles for detailed information.
There are many daily flights to Kota Kinabalu from Kuala Lumpur, Penang and Johor Bahru in the peninsula; Kuching and Miri in Sarawak; Sandakan and Tawau in Sabah. The flight duration is approximately 2.5 hours from the peninsula. Malaysia Airlines and AirAsia service these routes but book at least a month ahead to get good rates. AirAsia and other budget airlines operate from the Terminal 2 of the airport.
Further airports located in other town and cities including Miri, Sibu, Bintulu, Labuan and Lahad Datu which serve domestic routes.
The preferred way to travel around Malaysian Borneo is by air, thanks to the island's geographical nature, distance, and the lack of road highways.
MASwings, a subsidiary of Malaysia Airlines, is the airline that flies to all domestic destinations in Sabah and Sarawak. They operate Fokker 50 and DHC-6 Twin Otter airplanes as airports in smaller towns in this region are unable to accommodate the larger Airbus and Boeing aircrafts.
In Sabah, the Sabah State Railway operates the 134 km long railway track from Tanjung Aru (near Kota Kinabalu) to Tenom. There are three trains servicing the route daily from both ways, except for Sunday when there are only two trains available. The Beufort-Tenom stretch is regarded to be incredibly scenic.
The North Borneo Railway runs a scenic line along the coast of Sabah from Kota Kinabalu to Papar. It runs further from there to the towns of Beaufort and goes further inland from here to Tenom. The Beaufort to Tenom track is extremely beautiful and much less travelled than the coastal parts.
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