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Manila is not really known for being a tourist hot-spot, thanks in large part to a delectable combination of heavy pollution, the world's densest population, and a frantic pace of life. But Manila is a fascinating city nonetheless, where Latin influences infuse a modern east Asian city simultaneously experiencing the push of American globalisation.
May Nilad (old name of Manila) was founded and ruled by Raja Matanda and later his nephew, Raja Suleiman, son-in-law of the Sultan of Brunei. Because of its wealth and prosperity, the Muslim settlement attracted the interest of Miguel Lopez de Legaspi who had previously conquered another wealthy settlement, the Malay kingdom of Cebu. From there, he sent an expedition to attack May Nilad led by Martin de Goiti and Juan de Salcedo. But the two and its forces were repelled by Raja Suleiman's troops. The Spaniards returned with de Legaspi himself leading. The conquest was successful, and from its ashes, the foundation of Intramuros was built.
The city got its name from an extinct mangrove species that bloom a white flower and once grew on the banks of the Pasig River called the Nilad. The locals called the place 'may nilad' which is translated as "having the nilad". Later the local name evolved from being Maynilad to Maynila and eventually internationally known as Manila.
Originally within the confines of Intramuros, Manila became the center of government during the Spanish era, with Fort Santiago guarding the mouth of the Pasig River.
Some of the noteable districts within the city of Manila are the following:
Main article: Events and Festivals in the Philippines
There are two seasons that characterize the country's year-round weather system: dry (between December-May) and wet (June-November). During the wet or rainy season, the islands are frequently struck by typhoons (averaging 21 weather disturbances a year) between June to September and can extend up to the first week of December. The dry season is hot and humid and very balmy in coastal areas, ranging from 32 °C to as high 39 °C. It gets to be a gorgeous 20-28 °C between December and February. Elevated areas like the cities of Baguio and Tagaytay are 5-10 °C degrees cooler than the lowlands year-round.
Tropical cyclones or typhoons that hit the country have been, increasingly, more ferocious in intensity in recent years, probably due to altered weather systems caused by global warming. The deadlier ones have caused massive flooding in urban areas as much as 14 feet of water for days.
|Avg Max||29.5 °C||30.5 °C||32.1 °C||33.5 °C||33.2 °C||32.2 °C||31.1 °C||30.6 °C||30.9 °C||30.9 °C||30.7 °C||29.7 °C|
|Avg Min||23.5 °C||23.8 °C||24.9 °C||26.2 °C||26.7 °C||26.2 °C||25.8 °C||25.5 °C||25.5 °C||25.5 °C||24.9 °C||23.9 °C|
|Rainfall||19 mm||7.9 mm||11.1 mm||21.4 mm||165.2 mm||265 mm||419.6 mm||486.1 mm||330.3 mm||270.9 mm||129.3 mm||75.4 mm|
The Ninoy Aquino International Airport (MNL) and the Manila Domestic Airport serves as the main airports to get to Manila. These airports, located south of Manila, are about 30 minutes' drive from the city. Diosdado Macapagal International Airport (CRK) in Clark is servicing nearby Angeles City and currently services low-cost airlines and some legacy airlines and is set to support Ninoy Aquino International Airport as part of a dual airport system.
The Philippine National Railways, whose train hub is located in Tutuban north of Manila, services the city to and from the southern provinces of Luzon and has stations along the way. This runs from the Manila to Legaspi City.
Within Metro Manila, 3 light rail transits service the metro.
Right-hand drive, traffic direction on the right side, American system.
|Baywatch 1403||2057 M H Del Pilar St.||Hotel||60|
|Casa Nicarosa Hotel & Residences||2116 Madre Ignacia St. Malate Manila City||HOTEL||51|
|Strawberry Hometel||111-B Scout Lozano Street, Tomas Morato, Quezon Ci Manila City||HOSTEL||-|
|Green Mango Inn||365 Aguirre Avenue, BF Homes, Sucat Parañaque City||HOSTEL||-|
|Islas 8817 Guesthouse||8817 San Juan Street San Antonio Valley 2, Paranaque City||Hostel||68|
|Manila Bay Hostel||Unit 402, Bel-Air Apartment, 1020 Roxas Boulevard Ermita||HOSTEL||-|
|Sir William||39 Timog Ave Quezon City||Hotel||-|
|The Southern Cross Hotel||1125 Del Pilar st Ermita Manila City||Hotel||-|
|Baywatch Tower Hotel||2057 M.H Del Pilar Street Malate||Hotel||-|
|Red Carabao||P Burgos Street Corner Kalayaan Avenue Makati||HOSTEL||-|
|Friendly's Guesthouse||1750 Adriatico Street, Corner of Nakpil Street. Malate, Manila||Hostel||-|
|Manila International Youth Hostel||4227-4229 Tomas Claudio Street Baclaran, Paranaque City||HOSTEL||-|
|Happy Coconuts Hostel||434 El Grande Avenue, BF Homes, Sucat Paranaque C||HOSTEL||70|
|Townhouse Hotel||Villa Carolina Townhouse, 201 Roxas Blvd # 31 Bayv Tambo, Paranaque City||Hostel||64|
|Swagman RPL Hotel Manila||411 A. Flores St. Ermita||Hotel||-|
|Makati Apartelle||4411 Montojo Street. near cor. Chino reces ave.||Hostel||-|
|Stone House Bed and Breakfast||1315 E. Rodriguez Ave. Barangay Kristong Hari, Quenzon City||Hostel||-|
|Our Melting Pot||4th/Floor Mavenue Building, #7844 Makati Avenue co Guerrero Street, 1209 Makati City||Hostel||84|
|Alley 8 Apartments||5776 Ebro St., Brgy. Poblacion Makati City||Hotel||-|
|Saint Illians Inn||7461 Santillian Pio del Pilar, Makati City||Hotel||-|
|Knysna Ladies Residences||#1010 Vicente G. Cruz Street Sampaloc||Hostel||-|
|Stonehouse South of Market||26th Street/11th Street Fort Bonifacio Makati||Apartment||-|
|Lotus Garden Hotel||1227 Avenue Mabini Corner Padre Faura Street Ermita||Hotel||-|
|City Garden Suites||1158 A. Mabini St Ermita||Hotel||-|
|Casa Bocobo Hotel||1000 J. Bocobo Street Ermita||Hotel||72|
|Bayview Park Hotel||1118 Roxas Boulevard Corner United Nations Avenue||Hotel||-|
|Imperial Palace Suites||Timog Avenue Corner Tomas Morato Avenue Quezon City, Metro Manila||Hotel||-|
|Hotel Kimberly||770 Pedro Gil Street Malate||Hotel||-|
|Taft Tower Hotel||29th Floor EGI Taft Tower 2339 Taft Avenue Malate||Hotel||-|
|East Ortigas Mansions condo unit||404 Ibiza East Ortigas Mansions Ortigas Avenue Ext. Pasig City||Apartment||-|
|Best Western Hotel La Corona||1166 M. H. del Pilar Arquiza Street Corner Ermita||Hotel||-|
|New Solanie Hotel||1811 Leon Guinto Street Malate||Hotel||-|
|Networld Hotel||Roxas Boulevard corner Sen.Gil Puyat, Pasay City||Hotel||-|
|Hotel Indah Manila||350 A J Villegas Street Ermita||Hotel||-|
|Hostel 1632||1632 M Adriatico Street||Hostel||-|
|Atrium Hotel||15F Taft Centrale Exchange Gil Puyat cor. Taft Avenue Pasay, Metro Manila||Hotel||-|
|New Horizon Manila Hotel||778 Boni Ave. corner EDSA Mandaluyong City||Hotel||-|
|CSB Hotel||Angelo King Bldg. Arellano cor. Estrada sts Malate||Hotel||-|
|Orchid Garden Suites Manila||620 Pablo Ocampo Sr. Street Malate||Hotel||-|
|Backpacking Jaja's Cozy Crib||Unit 106 Bormaheco Exec Suites Suez Street, Brgy. Sta. Cruz Makati City, Metro Manila||Hostel||-|
|Makati Palace Hotel||5011 P. Burgos Corner Canceres Makati City||Hotel||-|
|Makati International Inns||7575 Dela Rosa Street Makati||Hotel||-|
|Franchise One Hotel||# 7430 Santillian Street Corner Fernando Street Makati City||Hotel||-|
|Greenhills Elan Hotel Modern||49 Annapolis Street Juan City Metro Manila||Hotel||-|
|7005 West Parc Cedar||7005A West Parc Cedar Alabang, Muntinlupa||Apartment||-|
|Where 2 Next||1776 M. Adriatico Street Malate, 1004 Malate||HOSTEL||-|
|Adriatico Suites||1775 Interior M. Adriatico (Refer to the location map main road closed )||Apartment||-|
|ANCESTRAL INN||No. 47 Dumandan Street Santolan||Guesthouse||-|
|Golden City Hotel Manila||504 Bustos Street Santa Cruz (Chinatown near Binondo)||Hotel||-|
|Bed and Breakfast Manila||28 Yellowstone Street South Green Park Merville Pa||Guesthouse||-|
|1 River Central||1109 JP Rizal Guadalupe Viejo||HOSTEL||57|
|24h Apartment Hotel||1406 Vito Cruz Extension corner Balagtas st. Brgy LaPaz||HOTEL||-|
|Our Melting Pot||4th floor Mavenue Bldg 7844 Makati Avenue Corner Guerrero Street||Hostel||-|
|Gaius Pension Inn||957 Malvar cor. Agoncillo St.||HOSTEL||-|
|Butiki Planet||CRL Building, Parkhomes Tunasan||APARTMENT||-|
|V.I.P. Suite Apartelle||1847 K&K Building Evangelista Street, Pio Del Pila||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|Our Awesome Hostel||5756 ABBA Building, Kalayaan Avenue cor. Northboun Makati||HOSTEL||74|
|Pink Makati Hostel||Agoho Building, Padre Burgos Street corner Kalayaa||HOSTEL||-|
|Pink Manila Hostel||2551 Bautista corner Don Pedro Malate||HOSTEL||79|
|Leesons Residences||944 Remedios Street corner San Pascual Street Malate, Manila||Guesthouse||55|
|Apt 2A||Apt 2A, Banyan Bay Garden Residences||HOSTEL||-|
|MNL Boutique Hostel||Valdez cor. Santiago St. Poblacion, Makati City||HOSTEL||80|
|Buoy Hostel||640 P. Ocampo St Malate||HOSTEL||-|
|Excel Inn||2771 Buencamino st. Brgy Poblacion Makati City||APARTMENT||-|
|Zunday Morning||#5 F. Salamatstreet, Ampid 1, San Mateo Rizal||HOSTEL||-|
|Hilik Boutique Hostel||2nd Floor, #7844 Mavenue Building, Makati Ave., co Makati City||HOSTEL||-|
|The Fort Hostel||Kalayaan Ave. cor. Limbo st., near EDSA, The Fort/Bonifacio Global City, Manila||HOSTEL||75|
|Homestay Guesthouse||317 Aries St., Rainbow Village 2, UPS 5, Sucat Roa||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|Orion Hotel||3rd Floor Prime Block Tutuban Center C.M. Recto Avenue||Hotel||-|
Employment of foreigners require a work permit issued by the Department of Labor & Employment (DOLE).
There are a number of internet service providers nationwide: PLDT-Smart Communications, Globe Telecoms, BayanTel and Sun Cellular and each have their signal strengths in various locations. Internet access areas of broadband speeds are plentiful in city malls, much less so outside the cities, but are growing at a rapid pace. Internet surfing rates depend primarily on where you surf and the medium used (e.g. WiFi or wired). Internet services offered by hotels and shopping malls are expensive and can go up to ₱200/hour (approximately US$5) but neighbourhood cafes can be as cheap as ₱15/hour (approximately US$0.35).
Public place WiFi services in the Philippines is provided by Airborneaccess.net and WiZ is likely to cost ₱100 (approximately US$2) for up to an hour. But if you want cheaper, there is a internet cafe chain in SM malls called, "Netopia", that has a landline internet connection for around 20P an hour (about 0.46 US). Coffee shops as well as malls usually carry WiFi service some are free to use. Certain areas may also carry free WiFi. The SM chain of malls offer free wifi, so you can sit virtually anywhere in the mall and access free wireless.
See also International Telephone Calls
The Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company commonly known as PLDT is the leading telecommunications provider. It is also the largest company in the country. There are three major companies operating GSM 900/1800 networks: Globe, Smart and Sun Cellular. Your home provider at home should have agreements with one of these providers so check with them before leaving home. Roaming may be quite expensive just as elsewhere however, pre-paid SIM cards of these networks are easy to acquire and cost as little as ₱30 and provide a cheaper alternative.
If you don't have a phone to begin with, a complete pre-paid kit with phone and SIM can be purchased for as little as ₱1,500.The usual cost of an international long-distance call to the United States, Europe or other major countries is $0.40 per minute. Local calls range from ₱ 6.50 per minute for prepaid calls.
Due to the wide use of mobile phones, pay phones are increasingly becoming obsolete. Some malls and public places still do have them and they usually come in either the coin or card operated variety. Globe and PLDT are the usual operators. Phone cards are usually sold by shops which sell cellphone pre-paid loads and cards. Note that phone cards of one company can not be used with the other company's card operated phones.
The Philippine Postal Corporation, or PhilPost, is the provides the postal service throughout the Philippines. PhilPost is pretty reliable, but one can hardly call it fast services. It is fine for sending postcards and letters though, both domestically as well as internationally. Prices for sending postcards or letters within the country start at around P7, while most international post costs at least P20. For sending parcels to and from the Philippines it might be wise to use companies like FedEx or UPS. The opening hours of post offices in the Philippines differ from one place to another. Usually, post offices are open from 8:00am to 12 noon and from 1:00pm to 5:00pm on weekdays. And for those that operate on Saturdays, the business hours are from 8:00am to 1:00pm.
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