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Mariehamn is the capital and largest town on Åland, an autonomous territory under Finnish sovereignty. It is located in the south of the autonomous islands and has about 11,000 inhabitants. The town is a major port and located on a peninsula has two harbours on both sides, with the western harbour being a major port of call of international sea traffic between Sweden and Finland. Mariehamn is a mainly Swedish-speaking town and around 90% of the inhabitants speak it as their native language. As well as the seat of the government of Åland, the town is the cultural and economic heart of Åland.
The Pommern Museum is located in a unique four masted sailing vessel that was named the Pommern. Built in Glasgow, Scotland this fine ship was launched in 1903. In 1923 she was purchased by Gustaf Erikson in Mariehamn. The ship mainly carried wheat between Australia and England till 1939 when World War II broke out. Since 1957 the Pommern was moored next to the Åland Maritime Museum in the western harbour of Mariehamn. The ship is open May to June: 9 am to 5 pm, July: 9 am to 7pm, August: 9 am to 5 pm and September: 10 am to 4 pm. When the museum is closed for the season it is possible to rent the boat for private events.
Because of its location in the waters between Sweden and Finland, Mariehamn has a milder climate than comparable places as far north as this. This means that summers are a little cooler compared to mainland Finland or Sweden, but winters are relatively mild. Summer is from June to August, with average daily highs of around 17 or 18 degrees Celcius while nights are generally around 10 degrees Celsius. Winter is from December to March, with temperatures during the day around or slightly above zero, while nights are around -5 degrees Celcius on average in February, the coldest month. Rain (and snow during winter) falls quite evenly throughout the year, but tends to increase from June to December and be a bit lower during the later wintermonths and spring.
There are a number of ferries operating services between Mariehamn and other islands in the archipelago. You can find ferries, schedules, routes and prices at the Alandstrafiken website.
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