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Midway Islands

Travel Guide Overseas Territories Overseas Territories Midway Islands

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Introduction

Midway Atoll (also called Midway Island and Midway Islands) is a 6.2 km2 atoll in the North Pacific Ocean. As its name suggests, Midway is roughly equidistant between North America and Asia.

The Midway Islands might be the most famous for the battle that took place here in the second world war, which proved to be the turning point in the war in the pacific. Midway has seen a couple of settlers and for a short while in the late 30's and early 40's even tourists, only the airfield base stayed for a long while, and although the population is now downgraded to 60 people the airfield remains in use. Most inhabitants (around 2 millions) on the islands are birds. It houses populations of several species of seabird, including the largest population of the Laysan Albatross and large colonies of Red-tailed Tropicbirds, Black Noddies and White Terns

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Geography

Midway excists of two large islands: Sand Island and Eastern Island. there are however also a couple of smaller islands, of which Spit Island is the largest. The origin of Midway is vulcanic and was formed 28 million years ago. Since than the land subsided and a coral reef was formed at sealevel.

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Sights and Activities

Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument is 350,000 km2 of lands and waters (mostly waters) set aside to protect the area’s significant natural, cultural, and historic resources. Midway is set in the middle of one of the two large wildlife refuges in this monument.

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Getting There and Around

In 2007 plans were approved to allow visitors to Midway. Possible visits are arranged in participation with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. For more information on how to visit check this link

The atoll has some 32 kilometres of roads, one port on Sand Island, and an airfield. As of 2004, Henderson Field airfield at Midway Atoll, with its one active runway has been designated as an emergency diversion airport for aircraft flying under ETOPS rules. Although the FWS closed all airport operations on November 22, 2004, public access to the island was restored from March 2008.

Eastern Island Airstrip is a disused airfield in use by U.S. forces during the Battle of Midway. It is mostly constructed of Marsden Matting and was built by the United States Navy Seabees.

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This is version 4. Last edited at 13:21 on Jan 16, 15 by Utrecht. 3 articles link to this page.

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