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Travel Guide Europe Russia Moscow



Moscow's Belarus Station, Moscow

Moscow's Belarus Station, Moscow

© All Rights Reserved GregW

Moscow is the capital of Russia, and the country's primary political and economic centre. Formerly a communist strong-hold, this city is coming out of its repression and embracing capitalism to the fullest extent. The once empty shelves are now filled with expensive designer and luxury goods. Unlike many areas and cities in the country, Moscow has see its population growing over the last decades, and is rivalling cities like Paris and London regarding the number of inhabitants, of which the total urban area now has well over 13 million! With the growing numbers of cars, this might give first time visitors a feel of one big polluted area with constant traffic jams and compared to its neighbour St. Petersburg it really needs to grow on you before you uncover its beauty.




  • Central Moscow - Just north of the bend in the Moscow River. Includes the Moscow Kremlin.
  • Moscow Central-North (Krasnoselsky South, Meshchansky South & Tverskoy South raions) - North from the Kremlin, East from Tverskaya Street, North from Pokrova Street, the area within the Boulevard Ring.
  • Moscow Central-South (Yakimanka North & Zamoskvorechye raions) - Bordered by the Garden Ring and on north the Moskva River
  • Moscow Central-West (Arbat, Khamovniki North, Presnensky East, Tverskoy South raions) - North from the Moskva River, West from Tverskaya Street, the area within the Boulevard Ring.
  • Moscow Central-East (Basmanny West, Kitai Gorod, Tagansky North raions) - North from the Moskva River, South from Pokrova Street, the area within the Boulevard Ring.
  • Moscow Outskirts - The outskirts of the city include areas between Moscow's Garden Ring and the Moscow Ring Road (MKAD).
  • Zelenograd and New Moscow - Consists of Zelenograd (Зеленоград) and New Moscow, consisting of Novomoskovsky (Новомосковский) & Troitsky (Троицкий) Administrative Okrugs, in the southwest.



Sights and Activities

  • Moscow Metro - Metro in Moscow is not just for transportation. It’s a huge underground museum where you can enjoy the best samples of Soviet art and architecture. During this tour we visit the most remarkable stations built in Stalin Empire style: Mayakovskaya, Kievskaya, Novoslobodskaya, Komsomolskaya and Revolution Square, then go deeper into the history exploring vintage trains in Moscow Metro museum.
  • Novodevichiy Convent - Founded in 1524 by VasiliyIII (the father of Ivan the Terrible) in honor of the return of city Smolensk to Russia Novodevichiy Convent has become a shelter and sometimes a prison for many ladies of Russian Royal and boyar families. It survived during the Napoleon army occupation in 1812 and was used as the Museum of Women’s Emancipation at Soviet times. Being one of the best preserved samples of medieval Russian architecture it was proclaimed a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • Izmailovo Flea Market and Kremlin - Izmailivo Flea Market (often called Vernissage) is a famous one-stop souvenir venue in Moscow. If you want to take a piece of Russia to you country this place is the best to visit. You can find there everything – from matreshka dolls to Soviet life-style propaganda posters, from samovars to bears skin rugs, from oil paintings to school and military uniforms at best prices than elsewhere in Moscow. Even if you buy nothing it’s a fun place to watch and take photos. Izmailivo Kremlin is located near by. It was built just few years ago as a replica of traditional Russian Kremlin, but has become a popular entertainment place not just among tourists but among Muscovites, too. There is a typical Russian wooden church, a bunch of cafes and workshops on its territory. If you like to know the history of Russian vodka welcome to the Vodka museum.
  • VVC (former VDNH) - Built in 1939 VVC (former VDNH) was the largest in the USSR exhibition to display the country’s economy achievements. It was planned as a temporary venue, but due to its enormous success became permanent. Now VVC an open-air museum where you can see some of the best samples of Soviet architecture and science. Though the buildings are quite run-down at the moment and need restoration, watching the Fountain of People’s Friendship, The Worker and Kolkhoz Woman monument, the Gagarin’s Space ship “Vostok” you can still feel the spirit of the bygone Empire.
  • Red Square and the Kremlin - The Red Square separates the Kremlin, the former royal citadel, from the merchant quarter. The square holds Lenin's Tomb, everyday except Monday's and Friday's from 10:00am until 1:00pm. St. Basil's Cathedral, the famous onion-domed church sits to the south end of the square. To the east is the GUM department store, previously known for it's long lines, it now features a number of high end stores. The Kremlin has long been the one of the most important seats of political power in Russia, and current houses the Russian president. The Kremlin is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Moscow Kremlin’s grounds and museums are open every day except Thursdays from 10:00am to 5:00pm.
  • Peter the Great statue -
    Giant statue of Peter the Great

    Giant statue of Peter the Great

    © All Rights Reserved mikemonica

    - In the years since it was unveiled the opinions about the Peter the great statue have been very mixed. It was voted as ugliest statue in 2010, and listed amongst the ten ugliest buildings. The people of Moscow can add to that, that they don't want to pay tribute to the man that moved the capital of Russia from Moscow to St. Petersburg. It is located on the western confluence of the Moskva River and the Vodootvodny Canal in downtown Moscow. It was designed by the Zurab Tsereteli to commemorate 300 years of the Russian Navy, which Peter the Great established. It is reported that the local government in Moscow, offered the statue to be relocated to St. Petersburg, but the offer was rejected, and for this moment this (in)famous statue is still on display.



Events and Festivals

International Women’s Day

Moscow’s International Women’s Day in March is a major event on the festival calendar, with women’s groups from all over the city parading, campaigning, and rallying to make the world a better and more equal place for the female race.

International Moscow Film Festival

Held in June and running through early July, the International Film Festival is a truly international event. Celebrities and famous directors arrive for the screenings of Russian documentaries, short films, and the latest Hollywood blockbusters.

Den’ Goroda

September sees Den’ Goroda (City Day), the celebration of the founding of Moscow. Free street concerts, festivities, and parties bring many thousands of Muscovites into the parks and boulevards, and the pubs and bars do a roaring trade.

Russian Winter Festival

Moscow’s Russian Winter festival kicks off mid-December with a plethora of cold weather events taking place at Izmailovo Park. Troika (sleigh) rides, folk music and dance, skating on the lake and frozen pathways, warming street food, and lots of vodka make this one of the year’s favorite celebrations.




Moscow has a continental climate with warm summers and cold winters. Summers from June to August see average highs of 21-23 °C with nights around 12-14 °C. Temperatures can hit 35 °C or more though and in 2010 the city had the warmest summer by far with a month of temperatures well above 30 °C and an all time high of 38 °C. Winters are much colder, with temperatures during the day well below zero from December to February and nights around -10 °C on average though temperatures have been know to drop to -40 °C during some occasions. Average annual precipitation is around 700 mm with summers being the wettest time of year and late winter/early spring the driest time. Snow is possible from October to April though tends to concentrate from December to February.

Avg Max-6.3 °C-4.2 °C1.5 °C10.4 °C18.4 °C21.7 °C23.1 °C21.5 °C15.4 °C8.2 °C1.1 °C-3.5 °C
Avg Min-12.3 °C-11.1 °C-5.6 °C1.7 °C7.6 °C11.5 °C13.5 °C12 °C7.1 °C2.1 °C-3.3 °C-8.6 °C
Rainfall42 mm36 mm34 mm44 mm51 mm75 mm94 mm77 mm65 mm59 mm58 mm56 mm
Rain Days11889811121011101212



Getting there

Red Square at night

Red Square at night

© All Rights Reserved GregW

By plane

There are 3 airports near Moscow:

Among the three airports, there are numerous flights, mainly to destinations in Europe and Asia including Amsterdam, Bangkok, Beijing, Berlin, Cairo, Delhi, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Geneva, Hong Kong, Istanbul, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, New York, Paris, Rome, Shanghai, Tokyo, Toronto, Washington-Dulles and Zürich.

Aeroflot flies to and from Adler/Sochi, Anapa , Astrakhan, Barnaul, Irkutsk, Kaliningrad, Kemerovo, Krasnodar, Krasnoyarsk, Magadan, Mineralnye Vody, Nizhnevartovsk, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Perm, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Samara, St. Petersburg, Surgut, Tyumen, Ufa, Vladivostok, Volgograd, Yekaterinburg and Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk. Other major airlines in the country are Rossiya Airlines, Transaero and S7 Airlines.

By Aeroexpress
Aeroexpress provides rail services between the capital and all of the major Moscow airports (Vnukovo, Domodedovo and Sheremetyevo). Aeroexpress is a good way to get from any airport to the city centre in about 30 minutes and escape traffic jam. The price of a standard class one-way ticket on Aeroexpress website, mobile application and Pay@Gate service at turnstiles - is 340 roubles, in ticket offices and ticket machines - 400 roubles. The Aeroexpress trains run:

1. From the Belorussky Rail Terminal to Sheremetyevo International Airport/From Sheremetyevo International Airport to the Belorussky Rail Terminal;
2. From the Paveletsky Rail Terminal to Moscow Domodedovo Airport/From Moscow Domodedovo Airport to the Paveletsky Rail Terminal;
3. From Kievsky Rail Terminal to Vnukovo International Airport/From Vnukovo International Airport to the Kievsky Rail Terminal.

By train

Moscow is the starting point (or ending point for travellers heading west) for the Trans-Siberian Railway, with destinations like Vladivostok and Beijing.

Moscow - Finland
Between Helsinki and Moscow, there are direct daily overnight trains with 'The Tolstoi', taking roughly 13 hours to cover the routes. Trains are fast and comfortable.

Moscow - China
There are two routes between Moscow and Beijing: the Trans-Mongolian and the Trans-Manchurian routes, both of which are southern branches of the better-known Trans-Siberian Railway. The first goes via Ulan Bator, cutting across Mongolia and then into China. It leaves Moscow every Tuesday night, taking about 6 days to reach Beijing. The second cuts into northern China at Manzhouli and continues to via Harbin. It leaves Moscow on Friday night and takes about 6 days as well to cover the distance to Beijing. For more information look at the article: Trans-Siberian Railway or check the Timetable directly for exact schedules.

Moscow - Kazakhstan
There is train every second day between Moscow and Almaty in Kazakhstan, leaving Moscow at 10:30pm and arriving on day 5 early in the morning in Almaty. From Almaty, trains leave at around 7:30am, arriving on the 4th day at around 10:30am. Check this site for schedule details.

Moscow - Kyrgyzstan
Two trains a week link the capitals of Russia and Kyrgyzstan. From Moscow, trains leave on Thursdays and Sundays at 11:15pm, arriving in Bishkek on Mondays and Thursdays respectively at 2:30am. Trains leave Bishkek around 10:00am on Mondays and Thursdays, arriving in Moscow on Thursdays and Sundays just after 3 in the afternoon.

Moscow - Uzbekistan
There are three trains a week between Moscow and Tashkent (Uzbekistan). Trains leave Moscow on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays at 11:15pm, arriving 3 days later at 7:15pm in Tashkent. In the opposite direction, trains depart from Tashkent at around 7:00pm on Tuesdays, Fridays and Sundays, arriving in Moscow 3 days later at just after 3 in the afternoon.

Moscow - North Korea
There is one train a week between Moscow (Yaroslavski station) and Pyongyang, usually leaving on Friday from Moscow, and Saturday from Pyongyang. It takes a week to complete the entire journey.

By Car

Many entry points to Moscow over the Ring Road and into the city feature rotating roadblocks, where teams of traffic police may stop a vehicle, especially if it is not featuring Moscow plates. You may be stopped and questioned but you'll be allowed to proceed if you have all the proper documents.

By Bus

Eurolines provides international buses to places like Riga and even all the way to London, a multiple-day trip!

By boat

Although there are no official passenger services to/from Moscow, there are still river cruises which visit Moscow, mainly in summer. There are 2 river terminals in Moscow. The North Station, in Khimki neighborhood, provides berths for cruise ships to St Petersburg, as well as Astrakhan, Rostov-on-Don and other cities along the Volga. The South Station is not used commercially anymore.



Getting around

By car

Much of Moscow's geography is defined by the numerous 'Ring Roads' that circle the city at various distances from the centre. With the Red Square and the Kremlin forming the very centre, the innermost ring road is the Boulevard Ring (Bulvarnoye Koltso), built in the 1820s where the 16th century walls used to be. It runs from the Christ the Savior Cathedral in southwest central Moscow, to the mouth of the Yauza in southeast central Moscow. The next ring road, the Garden Ring (Sadovoe Koltso), derives its name from the fact that landowners near the road in Tsarist times were obligated to maintain gardens to make the road attractive. In Soviet times, the road was widened, and curently you will find no gardens there. The recently constructed Third Ring is not much use for tourists but is a heavily used motorway which absorbs a bit of Moscow's traffic. Finally, the outer edge of Moscow is largely defined by the Moscow Ring Road, a motorway which is over 100 kilometres long and encircles the entire city. Finally, a Fourth Ring is due to be built between the Third Ring and the Moscow Ring Road in the next years, much needed to relief a bit of the growing pressure on Moscow's existing other (ring)roads.

By public transport

Lenin mural in Moscow subway

Lenin mural in Moscow subway

© All Rights Reserved GregW

Check the All in one Moscow Search Engine for public transportation.

Moscow has an elaborate and wide spread subway system. There are 12 lines and 172 stations covering a total length of 278 kilometres. The Moscow Metro uses magnetic cards (contact cards) for tickets with a fixed number of journeys (up to 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 60 and 70 journeys for 30 days from the day of the first journey). 60 roubles (approximately US$2) will get you a ticket valid for 5 trips of any distance. The Moscow Metro is open from about 5:30am until 1:00am. During peak hours, trains run roughly every 90 seconds on most lines. At other times during the day, they run about every two to three and a half minutes, and every six to ten minutes late at night. Most station names are only printed in Cyrillic, so travellers are recommended to learn how to pronounce the letters of the cyrillic alphabet to make travelling the metro easier.

Every large street in the city is served by at least one bus and one trolleybus route, which necessitate an abundance of trolley wires in the city. Most Moscow buses and trolleybuses operate 05:30am-01:00am.
Numbers with an added 'k' or red sign are shorter routes than their regular counterparts (for example bus 164 has a longer itinerary than 164k).
Numbers with an added 'H' indicate night services, few other routes also operate during the night.
Buses and trolleybuses never seem to follow their schedules, mostly due to traffic jams and delays, but they are frequent until the late evening.
A trolleybus route map is available online. A useful mobile app called Yandex Transport helps you locate a nearest bus, trolleybus or tram on the line.

There are several tram routes, although trams are not common in the city centre. A map and a schedule of the tram routes are available online.

By bike

Velobike operates a bike sharing network that has over 2,700 bicycles available at over 300 bike stations throughout city. To use it, you first have to register the web site or via the mobile app. Membership rates are RUB150 per day or RUB500 for a month. Usage fees, which are in addition to membership fees, vary, but the first 30 minutes are free. This is intentional to encourage people to use the system for short place-to-place trips; however, after riding for 30 minutes, you can dock your bike into a station, wait 2 minutes, and then take the bike out again to restart the timer. The service is only operational in the spring and summer months, but extending the operational season is currently being contemplated.




Dining establishments in Moscow range from food stalls near metro stations to quick canteen-style 'Stolovaya' eateries to American-style fast food chains to overpriced restaurants catering to tourists to high-end restaurants where you can spend RUB10,000.

Restaurants and cafes promising "European and Caucasus cuisine" generally cater to tourists and are usually bad; seek a restaurant that specializes in a single region instead (Georgian, Russian, Italian, French, etc.).

Many small restaurants offer lunch specials costing RUB200-250. These deals are valid from 12:00 to 15:00 and include a cup of soup or an appetizer, a small portion of the main dish of the day, bread and a non-alcoholic beverage.

Authentic ethnic food from countries of the nearby Caucasus (Azerbaijan, Georgia, Armenia) is common in Moscow. Japanese food, including sushi, rolls, tempura, and steakhouses are very popular in Moscow. Other Asian cuisines including Vietnamese, Thai, and Chinese are becoming increasing more common.




Moscow has several café chains with great coffee including Coffeemania , Coffee Bean, and Starbucks. Moscow also has a good selection of tea saloons. High-quality infusion teas such as Newby, are widely available in cafes, both in packets and loose.

Asking to add boiling water to the tea you ordered earlier is a practice that some cafes don't welcome, but normally it's acceptable.





View our map of accommodation in Moscow or use the form below to search for availability (Travellerspoint receives a commission for bookings made through the form)




You will need a work visa which is not an easy process. The visa needs to be arranged well in advance of travelling. It is possible to work in Moscow, you just need to find a good company to support you.




Keep connected


Russia is a huge country, and excess to the internet varies a lot. The main cities and tourist places have (free) wifi excess at lots of places, like restaurants and cafes (McDonald's is always a safe bet). Internet cafes are present in larger places as well. Rural areas and especially if you venture into remote and/or mountainous areas have little excess at all. Most travellers will find connections though when using their phone or tablet.


See also: International Telephone Calls

The emergency number is 112. The country code for Russia is 7. Russian phone numbers have an area code with three, four or five digits (according to their province), followed by an individual number with, respectively, 7, 6 or 5 digits, always yielding 10 digits in total. The three digit code 800 is used for toll-free calls. Mobile phones always have three-digit "area" codes and seven-digit numbers. Calls within any one area code may omit the area code (except in Moscow). Inter-area code calls within Russia: 8 (wait for tone) full Russian number including area code. The international access code for dialling out from Russia is the sequence of 8 (wait for secondary tone and then) 10. International calls to Russia, as always, replace the plus sign (+) in the international phone format with the local international access code for the country you're calling from, followed by Russia's country code of 7 followed by the individual Russian phone number including area code.

You will require a SIM-unlocked GSM 900 / 1800 compatible international cell phone when buying a Russian SIM card. If you do not have your own international cell phone, it's best to buy a cheap cell phone with some value on the card. Foreigners can purchase a local SIM card by showing your passport. BeeLine is considered to be the best in terms of reliability and connections quality. However Megafon's services can be a bit cheaper.


Russian Post is the national postal service of Russia. It's English version is currently under construction, but mainly involves the track&trace system. The domestic post is reasonably reliable, and sending international mail is fairly reliable but slow, taking at least a few weeks to European countries, longer to the USA or Australia for example. The delivery of mail sent from abroad to Russia is highly unreliable, and people or companies tend to use foreign addresses, from where a private carrier sends it to Russia. Alternatives like poste restante are non-existent with Russian Post. Most cities and large towns in Russia have a Central Post Office (Glavpochtamt), which also sells stamps and envelopes, and usually has fax services and Internet availability, though the latter mostly not in smaller places. Also, many hotels have postal services, including mail boxes. Post offices tend to keep long hours, usually from 8:00am or 9:00am until 8:00pm or 9:00pm Monday to Friday, and closing earlier during weekends. The main central post offices in the biggest cities keep even longer hours. For sending parcels, you can also try services by DHL Russia and FedEx Russia. For all mail you can use the regular alphabet, though maybe include the country's name in Cyrillic. For sending post to Russia (or trying to receive it) note that addresses should be in reverse order: Russia, postal code, city, street address, name.


Quick Facts


  • Latitude: 55.755786
  • Longitude: 37.617633

Accommodation in Moscow

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Moscow Travel Helpers

  • maria_vakulenko

    Hi! My name is Maria.
    I've been living in Moscow for 3 years. I had some experience helping my foreign friends to organise their trips to Moscow. So, if you have any questions about Moscow or need help, feel free to ask 😊
    Best wishes from Russia,

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  • Irinkes

    I've been living in Moscow for 26 years. I also have website about Moscow, where I post information for tourists.

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