Naypyidaw is the capital of Myanmar, located in the Mandalay Division of the central part of the country, over 300 kilometers north of the former capital Yangon. Naypyidaw consists of the city proper (downtown) and three surrounding townships, Pyinmana, Lewe and Tatkon. The administrative capital of Myanmar was officially moved 3 kilometres west of Pyinmana on the 6th of November 2005. Although the official reason for the movement of the government is the fact that Yangon had become too congested and crowded, it is widely believed that Naypyidaw has become the capital because of its central and strategical location compared to Yangon. Naypyidaw is close to the Shan, Chin and Karen states, and it is felt that a stronger military and governmental presence nearby might provide stability to those chronically turbulent regions.
Naypyidaw has a hot and humid tropical climate. Temperatures are well above 30 degrees Celcius during the day and mostly around 20 degrees at night. Temperatures from mid March to May can reach 40 degrees making this time rather unpleasant for visiting the city. This time is often called the hot dry season.
From June to October is rainy season. There is massive amounts of rainfall this time of year
The best time to visit is during the cool dry season which is December to February. During this period there is still warm and pleasant weather with pleasant nights around 18 degrees. It usually is dry and rather sunny during these months.
Internet is now widely and cheaply available in Yangon, Mandalay, and Bagan, but more limited elsewhere. However access can be slow although now unrestricted. Rates are around 300 kyat/hour in Yangon and 1,000-3,000 kyat/hour elsewhere. Some hotels, although rare, allow free access to the internet.
The government records screenshots every five minutes from PCs in Internet cafés to monitor Internet usage. If you don't want your privacy violated in this way, save your surfing for Thailand or wherever you head next.
See also International Telephone Calls
Myanmar's country code is 95.
International phone calls can be arranged at the Central Telephone & Telegraph Office at the corner of Ponsodan and Mahabandoola Streets in Yangon. International Direct Dial calls are also possible from most hotels and at many public call offices (often a phone in a shop), but they are expensive, e.g., a call to the US costs USD6–7 per min.
The MPTGSM mobile phone network is provided by the Myanmar Government's Post and Telecommunication agency. This works on the GSM900 band, so is visible to multi-band GSM phones. Roaming is available onto MPT's GSM 900 network, subject to agreements between operators; check with your operator before you leave to be sure. Unfortunately, MPT only has international roaming agreements with operators from a limited number countries and territories. Nevertheless, if your own mobile telephone can detect the MPT GSM network, then you may be able to buy a USD20 SIM card which will work for 28 days.
As of October 2014, Telenor and Ooredoo, two international companies, have entered the market. Sim cards are cheap and widely available (1500 kyats for a Telenor sim). Nevertheless, connectivity can still be limited to urban centres, Yangon and Mandalay in particular. Telenor seems to have a better connection and plans to improve nets massively in the next years. Although MPT has the widest coverage, it is also the most expensive.
International mail out of Myanmar is reportedly quite efficient, despite what some hotels might tell you.
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