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The Ngorongoro Crater with its steep walls of 610 metres has become a natural enclosure for a very wide variety of wildlife, including most of the species found in East Africa, except the giraffe. Aside from herds of zebra, gazelle and wildebeest, the crater is home to the "big five" of black rhinoceros, lion, leopard, elephant and buffalo, and is often an excellent chance to see wildlife. Be aware that the black rhinoceros does not like the wind, so in windy conditions it will retreat to the forests in the crater, making it much harder to find. Local Masai, generally clad in their distinctive red clothing, have grazing rights in the crater.
The crater is commonly visited on safari from Arusha.
There are various camps near and within the crater. Note that the camps near the rim (such as Simba A) are very cold, even before the sun has gone down. Simba A is one of the most popular camps but, despite that, it has only a handful of electricity outlets and no hot water.
There are several lodges on the crater's rim:
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