Nightingale Island is an island of the Tristan da Cunha archipelago, which in turn is a dependency of Saint Helena, further to the north. The island is the main island of the Nightingale Islands, which also include Middle Island and Stoltenhoff Island.
Nightingale has two peaks on its north end. One is 337 metres high while the other is 293 metres above sea level. The rest of the island is ringed by cliffs. The Stoltenhoff (99 metres) and Middle (46 metres) islands are lower.
Many species of seabirds breed on the island and the total is estimated to be over a million. The Great Shearwater is among the most abundant of them. There are four wetland areas on the island which each contain hundreds of Atlantic Yellow-nosed Albatrosses. As with Inaccessible Island, Nightingale also has a breeding colony of Northern Rockhopper Penguins, which unfortunately now is an endangered species.
Nightingale's climate is marine subtropical with relatively cool weather and high rainfall, but rarely extremely cold or hot. Average rainfall is between 1,500 and 2,000 mm a year and average temperatures around 15 °C. November to March is summer, June to September the coolest period, though differences between months are generally not very high. Rainfall is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year.
Nightingale Island and the two other smaller islands can be visited with locals from the main island of Tristan da Cunha. Many scientists and researchers do visit the island on a regular basis as well. Part of the money they pay the guide goes toward paying for the conservation work being done on the island.
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