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Travel Guide Oceania

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Introduction

Reef

Reef

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Oceania is the region often used to group Australia, New Zealand and the Pacific Islands. Although half of it is politically part of Indonesia (thus Asia), sometimes the island of New Guinea is considered to be located within Oceania as a whole. Here, only Papua New Guinea is mentioned, West Papua, the Indonesia half, is not.

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Geography

Oceania is a region of numerous islands, mostly in the Pacific Ocean and vicinity. The boundaries of Oceania can be defined in several different ways, but most recognize parts of Australiasia such Australia, New Zealand and Papua New Guinea, and all or part of the Malay Archipelago as part of the region.

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Subregions

Ethnologically, the islands in Oceania can be divided into three subregions; Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia. The latter covers much of the central and southern parts of the Pacific Ocean, Micronesia the northern part and Melanesia the western part with most of the larger islands.

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Sights and Activities

Landmarks

See also: Famous Landmarks

great barrier reef

great barrier reef

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Major Cities

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Getting There and Around

Oceania is the only continent which is almost exclusively reached by plane, as overland routes are completely absent and ferries hardly exist. Probably a cargo ship or yacht is your only option by sea. Australia has most flights, especially to Sydney, but also to some other main cities. There are direct flights to a few cities in Africa and South America, more so in North America and numerous airlines serve Australia, and New Zealand to a lesser extent, from Asian cities. The Pacific Islands have fewer direct connections from other continents, although Fiji is a good hub reached from both the USA as well as several Asian countries. Easter Island and French Polynesia have flights to Santiago de Chile.
For travelling between the islands, apart from flying another option is taking a ferry.

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Best Time to Visit

The best time for a visit really depends on where you are going, as there are differences between Australia and the Pacific Islands for example. In general, the southern half of Australia and all of New Zealand is best visited during the summer months from November to March, as it is warm and mostly dry. Note that inland though, temperatures in January and February can rise well above 40 °C. Not a huge problem, but not a good time for long walks or other physical acitivities. The northern half of Australia has a wet season during those same months, so it's better to visit from April/May to October, when the weather is drier and also cooler, which makes it much more pleasant for a visit.
April-November is also the best time to visit most of the Pacific Islands. The winter trade wind blows fairly steadily during these months, bringing generally fine tropical weather throughout the area. Rarotonga in the Cook Islands and Tongatapu in Tonga are farther from the equator and see cooler temperatures. Breezy wintertime nights can feel chilly in those islands.

Contributors

as well as Peter (13%), PeteB (3%), Hien (2%)

Oceania Travel Helpers

  • Borisborough

    I emigrated to New Zealand from the UK in 2004. I am now a New Zealand citizen (as well as retaining my British nationality) so I have been through the hoops of working visas, permanent residency and citizenship. I live in the Auckland suburb of Mt Eden and I passionate,you believe that Auckland really is one of the most livable cities in the world. I have toured much of the North Island although I've only really been to Nelson in the South Island. I have visited many cities in Australia including Sydney, Cairns, Yulara (for Uluru), Darwin, Brisbane, Perth and Melbourne

    Ask Borisborough a question about Oceania
  • knibbchick

    As a travel agent I have travelled widely and can help with Europe, Australasia and the Pacific and Asia. I have good knowledge on hotels, ways to get around and things to see and do.

    Ask knibbchick a question about Oceania
  • TravelMc

    I have travelled a bit around Aus and as a kiwi have a slightly different appreciation of the country to any other visitor.

    Ask TravelMc a question about Oceania
  • Angie_Yim

    I went to New Zealand on working holiday visa and lived there for 8 months from Nov12 till Jul'13. I was based in Napier in North Island and Ashburton in South Island. I travelled around in between jobs. Did lot's of hitch-hiking and some camping and hiking.

    I've been to Sydney 4 times and Melbourne trice on holidays over the last 8 years. I've visited Great Ocean Road, Grampians, Blue Mountain, etc. I can suggest itinerary for a few day stays in both cities and interesting places to go. Up next I will be exploring Gold Coast in 2014.

    Ask Angie_Yim a question about Oceania
  • Nat and Ev

    Surfing in the pacific

    Ask Nat and Ev a question about Oceania

This is version 52. Last edited at 14:42 on Apr 25, 17 by Utrecht. 43 articles link to this page.

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