Oran is a major city on the northwestern Mediterranean coast of Algeria, and the second largest city of the country. It is closely associated with its neighbouring city, Aïn Témouchent. Located near the northwestern corner of Algeria, 432 kilometres from the capital Algiers, it is a major port and the commercial, industrial, and educational centre of western Algeria. It is the capital of the Oran Province (wilaya). The city has a population of about 800,000, while the metropolitan area has a population of approximately 1,500,000, making it the second largest city in Algeria.
It seems that the name "Wahran" (Oran in Arabic) is derived from the Berber word "uharu" (lion"). The legend says that at the time (in 900), there were still lions in the area. The last two lions were hunted on a mountain near Oran and are elsewhere referred to as "mountain lions
Oran features a semi-arid climate with mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers. Oran’s climate does show influences of a Mediterranean climate; however the combination of the city's relatively high average annual temperature and relatively low annual precipitation precludes it from falling under that climate category. Oran averages 326 mm of precipitation annually, the bulk of which falls between November and May. Summers are hot and dry with average high temperatures in the warmest month (August) approaching 32 °C. Winters are mild in Oran, with high temperatures in the coolest month (January) at around 17 °C.
|Avg Max||16.6 °C||17.7 °C||19.7 °C||21.5 °C||23.9 °C||27.7 °C||30.5 °C||31.6 °C||29 °C||25.2 °C||20.6 °C||17.7 °C|
|Avg Min||5.1 °C||6.5 °C||8.1 °C||10 °C||13.2 °C||16.9 °C||19.4 °C||20.1 °C||17.7 °C||14 °C||9.5 °C||6.7 °C|
Oran Es Sénia Airport (IATA: ORN) offers flights to/from Marseille, Lille, Lyon, Paris-Orly, Toulouse, Adrar, Algiers, Alicante, Annaba, Bechar, Brussels, Tunis and Barcelona.
Oran is at the western terminus of the Algerian rail network, operated by SNTF. There is a line continuing towards Marocco but it has been closed for decades due to political conflict. Trains from the capital Algiers are plentiful however with several services daily. Other cities along the Mediterranean coast as well as cities in regional towns n Northwest Algeria has trains to Oran. Additional routes include an overnight train from Bechar, deep into the Sahara and about halfway from Mauritania. All longdistance trains terminates at 1 Gare Centrale d'Oran on Rue Mankour Mahi Michel.
Oran's nightlife is among the most thriving in the continent. The city has always been the capital of Algeria's parties and music. All night long, plenty of nightclubs, bars and cabarets are opened and offer music, dance and partying in the city area seafront, called La Corncihe which runs from the city's Front de Mer to the neighbouring cities of Aïn El Turk, Bou Sfer and El Ançor. All kinds of nightclubs can be found, from the very posh Atmosphère at the Sheraton Hotel that attracts now international DJs such as David Vendetta to more popular ones in the Corniche. Les Pins d'Or, SunHouse and Le Murdjadjo among others.
There are Internet cafés in all larger towns and cities.
See also International Telephone Calls
Algeria Post offers fairly reliable though relatively slow services. Mail posted in any of the main cities along the coast takes three to four days to reach Europe; posted elsewhere, it could take much longer. Parcels sent by surface mail may take up to two months to reach Algeria. You might get better and faster deals with international couriers like DHL, TNT or UPS. Post officies are generally open from Saturday to Wednesday from 8:00am to 5:00pm and Thursday from 8:00am to 12:00pm, but the main post office in Algiers (5 boulevard Mohamed Khémisti) is open 24 hours.
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