Perge (18 kilometres from Antalya), was the capital of the ancient Pamphylia region, which is in modern day Antalya province of Mediterranean coast of Turkey. This place has assumed significance in recent years due to the presence of ancient ruins and an acropolis dating back to the Bronze Age, which attracts tourists from places far and wide.
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This region was originally settled by the Hittites in around 1500 BC. In 546 BC, the Persians defeated the local tribes and gained control over the region. In 333 BC Alexander’s army raided and occupied the region. The famous mathematician Appolonius(262 BC to 190 BC) lived and worked in Perge. He was a disciple of Archimedes and wrote a number of books on circle, ellipse, parabola and hyperbola. Roman rule started in 188 BC and most of the present day ruins are from this period. St Paul is believed to have visited Perge on his first missionary journey.
Perge is an archaeological site and has become a major tourist attraction because of the presence of vast and extensive ruins of the Roman period. Its ruins include the public baths, theatre, temple of Artemis, canals, markets and imposing pillars spread all over the place.
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Perge has a typical Mediterranean climate with hot dry summers and moderately warm and rainy winters. The region receives almost 300 days of sunshine and the air temperatures can sometimes reach as high as 40 °C in July and August.
The nearest airport is in Antalya which is located around 15 kilometres from Perge. This airport handles both domestic and international flights. Antalya is well connected with other parts of Turkey by domestic flights and it is also directly connected with many of the cities of Europe and Middle East.
Perge is not connected by rail services. However tourists can travel by train upto Denizli or Konya and from there lots of buses are available to Antalya and Perge which cover the distance in around 4 hours.
Bus service is excellent in Turkey. Istanbul-Antalya is one of the busiest routes and lots of buses are available on this route. There are overnight buses and day time buses and most of them take around 12-14 hours. There is a frequent mini-bus service operating between Antalya and Perge. Two of the well known and most reputed bus companies operating in Turkey are Varan and Ulusov.
Taxis can be hired from Antalya for visiting the ruins at Perge. It is better to bargain for the rates before boarding any vehicle as the rates vary according to the tourist season.
Internet cafes can be found everywhere except small rural villages. The cost of an hour use of internet ranges from 1 YTL to 1.5 YTL. Wireless internet is becoming popular in some cafes in big cities such as Istanbul, Ankara, and Izmir, and at airpots. But in many other places it's still not available, or sometimes at a very high cost.
See also: International Telephone Calls
Turkey's international country code is 90. Dial 112 for an ambulance anywhere, from any telephone, without a charge. In case of a fire, dial 110; for police, call 155. However, in rural areas there is not a police coverage, so dial 156 for gendarme, a military unit for rural security. All these numbers are free of charge and can be called from a telephone booth without inserting a calling card, or any phone including cell phones.
There are telephone booths owned by Turk Telekom in major parts of cities. public phones now operate with chip telekom cards which are available in 30, 60 or 120 units and can be obtained at post offices, newspaper and tobacco kiosks.
It is estimated that approximately 98% of the population of Turkey lives within the coverage areas of Turkey’s three cell phone line providers. Line providers from most countries have roaming agreements with one or more of these companies. Pre-paid mobile phone SIM cards can be purchased for approximately TRY20-50. These can be purchased at the airport on arrival or from the many outlets in Istanbul and other large cities. Providers include Vodaphone.
PTT is the national post service in Turkey. Services are generally moderately fast but quite reliable. There is an extended price list on the PTT website, where you can see the costs of sending items within Turkey, countries in Europe and further afield. For sending packages one might also use international companies such as DHL and UPS and local companies such as Yurtici Kargo. Post offices bear the distinctive yellow PTT sign and are generally open between 9:00am to 12:00 noon and 1:30pm to 5:00pm from Monday to Friday. Some might keep longer hours or be open during the weekend as well, but this mainly applies to the larger ones or those in central places and tourist areas.
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