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Located in west of Poland, at Warta river, with over 540,000 inhabitants, Poznan is fifth Polish city in terms of population number. Due to its location It is an important communication junction. The city is especially famous for Poznan International Fair - the biggest and the oldest fair center in Poland. It is also well known academic aggregation, where over 120 thousand of students may choose from 28 academies. The characteristic symbol of the city are two goats that are displayed mechanically every day at noon at the top of Poznan Town Hall.
The above mentioned division is customary, formally the city is splitted into 42 subdivisions.
The Town Hall (Ratusz) is a historic building located in the Old Town, in the centre of Old Market Square (Stary Rynek). Currently it functions as a museum, however it was used as a seat of local government until 1939. The building was originally erected in 1253 in a form of one-storey Gothic building with cellars. It was then extended at the turn of 15th and 16th century, during this time also a tower was built at the north-western corner. Seriously damaged in 1536 as a result of major fire it was partly repaired during next few years. The most significant rebuilding however took place between 1550-1560 when a famous architect Giovanni Battista di Quadro was commissioned by the city council to carry out works. It was then when an upper storey was added, as well as attic walls and a three-storey loggia. Di Quadro is also originator of two mechanical goats that were installed together with new clock on the top of the tower. It is worth knowing that the Town Hall was significantly damaged few times during its long time history, including a lightning in 1675, a hurricane in 1725 and a World War II. The display of two mechanical goats' butting is one of the most chracteristic attractions of the city. The show takes place daily at noon and is preluded by the clock striking and playing of traditional bugle call (hejnał).
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The Imperial Castle (Zamek) was constructed in 1910 by Franz Schwechten for a German Emperor - William II. It housed German government offices until 1918 and during World War II. The building was erected in Neo -Romanesque style and divided into apartments area (the western wing of the castle) and representative rooms (the eastern wing). The castle is 75 meters high and its floor area is 25 127 square metres. There was also separate building dedicated for garage, stable, service rooms and coach house. It is worth knowing that a yard with a fountain that was surrounded by castle edifices was based on the Fountain of the Lions in Alhambra, Granada (Spain).
The climate of Poznan is within the transition zone between a humid continental and oceanic climate and with relatively cold winters and warm summers. Snow is common in winter, when night-time temperatures are typically below zero. In summer temperatures may often reach 30 °C. Annual rainfall is less than 500 mm, among the lowest in Poland. The rainiest month is July, mainly due to short but intense cloudbursts and thunderstorms. The number of hours of sunshine are among the highest in the country. Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year round.
The city airport - Ławica - is located only 7 kilometres from the city centre which makes it easily accessible. It is possible to rent a car directly in the airport or go to the taxi rank which is located next to the airport hall exit. Drive to the city centre by car takes approximately 20-30 minutes at the most, depending on traffic jam. There is also public transport available that links airport with the centre; it may be reached with line 59 or express line L that is going directly to Railway Station located in the central area of the city. The L line ticket price is more expensive and there is only one piece of luggage free of charge allowed for every passenger.
There is one station in Poznan that serves all national and international connections - Poznań Main Railway Station (Poznań Główny). It is located in the city centre, neighbouring Poznań International Fair (Międzynarodowe Targi Poznańskie). In 2014 the station was fully refurbished and now is located in new building, combined with shopping centre. It offers wide range of service points, restaurants, fast foods, shops as well as taxi rank located next to the station exit. There are plenty of bus and tram connections available, including night buses.
Trains to Berlin or Warsaw take approximately 3 hours in either direction and cost around €20 one-way. Trains to Krakow (approximately 8 daily) take around 6 hours and cost €15 one-way, Wroclaw (more than 15 daily) will take around 2 hours and cost around €8. The journey to Gdansk (6 trains daily) will take 5.5 hours and cost €12 and to Torun (6 trains per day) : 2.5 hours and €7.
The Poznan coach station is situated nearby the train station (5-min walk) and as well few-minutes-walk from the main entrance to the Fair Ground. Other places in the centre are also accessible on foot. Poznan is served by the Eurolines coach network. Count on fares of around €90 one-way to London or Amsterdam. Every day more than 200 local buses leave for town and even small villages everywhere in Wielkopolska region.
Poznan has good public transport, consisting of trams, fast trams (similar to metro), and buses.
The centre is navigable on foot.
The cheapest places are so-called milk bars – established in the communist era, but still very popular, especially among younger people, for whom they're the cheapest (approx. €3 for a full dinner) option to have a normal meal (not fast-food).
|By The Way Hostel||ul. Polwiejska 19/10||Hostel||-|
|Cinnamon Hostel Poznan||Gwarna 10/2||Hostel||79|
|Dizzy Daisy Hostel||Al. Niepodleglosci 26 61-714 Poznañ||Hostel||-|
|Frolic Goats Hostel||ul.Wroclawska 16/6||Hostel||81|
|Fusion Hostel||ŒW.MARCIN STREET 66/72||Hostel||99|
|Melange Hostel||ul. Rybaki 6a||Hostel||85|
|Melody Hostel||ul. Kozia 16 PoznaÅ„||Hostel||81|
|StayOkay Hostel||ul. Przemyslowa 51/20 61-541||Hostel||-|
|Very Berry||Al. Marcinkowskiego 11 61-827||Hostel||89|
In the cities there are more and more Wifi Hot Spots, so if you have your own mobile device, you can connect. Best chances of finding one are at airports, railway stations, in cafés, shopping malls and universities. Places like McDonald's and Starbucks usually have unlimited free wifi. In some hotels you can find free wifi, though you might have to pay as well or maybe just use it for a limited amount of time. Internet cafes become less popular recently as people prefer to use internet at homes.
See also: International Telephone Calls
To call to Poland from abroad, dial the Polish country code,48, then the number without the leading 0, as if calling from a domestic mobile phone.
The general emergency number is 112. Police (997), Ambulance (999) and Fire (998) have phone numbers as well, and municipal police has 986 as a number.
Mobile phones work almost across the whole country. There are four mobile phone operators in Poland: Plus, T-Mobile, Orange and Play. About 98% of the country is covered by the standard European GSM 900/1800 MHz network, the remaining 2% are wildlife reserves or high mountains. 3G is available in almost every town.
Domestic call rates are roughly the same across all services. Prepaid starter kits with SIM card (called starter in Polish) are widely available in reasonable prices (PLN5-20, most of which is available for calls), in most of the shops, supermarkets and news agents.
Just about every shopping centre has at least one independent cellphone shop, the guys who run them are usually knowledgeable and have a range of cheap handsets which you can use as a local / travel phone. This may be a good option since juggling SIM cards is always a pain.
Poczta Polska is the Polish public post service. Post offices are generally open from 8:00am to 6:00pm Monday to Friday. Some offices are open on Saturday until 2:00pm and the main post offices in major cities are open daily, 24 hours. Services are generally ok, but don't expact it to be fast and it is not always reliable, though most letters, postcards and parcels will arrive at its destinations after a week or two. You can find the red post boxes dotted throughout the country. You can check this postal website to see how much sending a letter, postcard or parcels costs, both domestically as well as internationally. For sending packages internationally, you can also check FedEx, TNT, DHL or UPS, as they have fast and reliable services and generally competitive prices as well.
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