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Prince Edward Island

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Travel Guide North America Canada Prince Edward Island

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Introduction

Prince Edward Island Bridge

Prince Edward Island Bridge

© All Rights Reserved sunraybret

Prince Edward Island is the smallest province of Canada in both land area and population. The capital is Charlottetown and the island is located north of Nova Scotia and east of New Brunswick.

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Geography

Prince Edward Island is located in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, west of Cape Breton Island, north of the Nova Scotia peninsula, and east of New Brunswick. Its southern shore bounds the Northumberland Strait. The island's landscape is pastoral. Rolling hills, woods, reddish white sand beaches, ocean coves and the famous red soil have given Prince Edward Island a reputation as a province of outstanding natural beauty. The coastline has a combination of long beaches, dunes, red sandstone cliffs, salt water marshes, and numerous bays and harbours. The beaches, dunes and sandstone cliffs consist of sedimentary rock and other material with a high iron concentration, which oxidises upon exposure to the air. Large dune fields on the north shore can be found on barrier islands at the entrances to various bays and harbours. The magnificent sand dunes at Greenwich are of particular significance. The shifting, parabolic dune system is home to a variety of birds and rare plants

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Festivals and Events

Prince Edward Island is home to many festivals and events throughout the year. A few of the annual events that take place throughout the year are the following:

  • The Festival of Lights occurs over the Canada Day Holiday, and hosts a series of concerts.
  • Jack Frost Children's Winterfest occurs over the weekend in February, and is a village created out of snow where children can explore and enjoy being outside.
  • PEI Jazz and Blues Festival occurs during July and is a festival that hosts concerts throughout the day and the night. The Festival takes place on one of Charlottetown's busiest streets.
  • Old Home Week occurs during August and is a family event that showcases PEI's traditional Island. During this week there is a carnival that is one of the main attractions.

For more information on these and other Festivals and Events visit Discover Charlottetown.

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Weather

Prince Edward Island has generally warm summers and cold winters. Temperatures in summer (June to September) are between 20º C and 23º C during the day, while in winter (December to February) temperatures are below 0 º C during the day, nights averaging below -10º C in January. Precipitation is evenly distributed throughout the year with snowfall in winter. There is ample precipitation throughout the year, although it is heaviest in the late autumn and early winter and mid spring. The island receives an average yearly rainfall of 855 mm and an average yearly snowfall of 285 cm. From December to April, the island usually has many storms (which may produce rain as well as snow) and blizzards. Springtime temperatures typically remain cool until the sea ice has melted, usually in late April or early May. Autumn is a pleasant season, as the moderating Gulf waters delay the onset of frost, although storm activity increases compared to the summer.

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Getting There

By Plane

Charlottetown Airport (YYG) functions as the main gateway to Prince Edward Island by air.
Destinations are mainly to other Canadian cities like Montreal and Toronto with for example Air Canada. There are however seasonal flights to Detroit, New York and even to La Romana in the Dominican Republic.

By Car

The Confederation Bridge links Prince Edward Island with New Brunswick. It's reached from the mainland on TCH Route 16 near Aulac, and stretches 13 kilometers across open water to the island. The CDN $44.25 toll, based on the 2012 rates, is collected on the PEI side when returning to the mainland.

By Bus

Acadian provides service between New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island, and into Quebec connecting with other bus companies.

By Boat

You can reach Prince Edward Island by ferry from Quebec (seasonally) and Nova Scotia.
Contact details for the latter connection:
Wood Islands, Prince Edward Island, to Caribou, Nova Scotia, daily service May 1 to December 20, operated by Northumberland Ferries Ltd., 94 Water Street, P.O. Box 634, Charlottetown, PE, C1A 7L3. In Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island, call toll-free 1-800-565-0201. From other areas, call (902) 566-3838.

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Getting Around

By Car

Some of the options to rent a car include the following companies:

By Bike== As Prince Edward Island is small, in the summer cycling is popular. Although most roads do not have wide shoulders or designated bike lanes, drivers tend to be quite courteous to cyclists. The landscape consists mostly of rolling hills; there are few steep hills to climb. Additionally, the Confederation Trail stretches from one end of the island to the other. Built on a disused rail bed, the trail has low grades and is reserved for cyclists and pedestrians. Cycling maps, sample itineraries and other cycling resources are available from different companies.

By Boat===

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Eat

PEI is known for its great seafood selection, primarily in the summertime. Three of the most popular locations are New Glasgow Lobster Suppers, Lobster on the Wharf, and St. Ann's Lobster Suppers.

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Contributors

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Prince Edward Island Travel Helpers

This is version 15. Last edited at 9:20 on Oct 15, 14 by Utrecht. 9 articles link to this page.

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