Quetzaltenango, also commonly known by its indigenous name, Xelajú, or more commonly, Xela, is the second largest city of Guatemala. It is both the capital of Quetzaltenango Department and the municipal seat of Quetzaltenango municipality. It has an estimated population of around 225,000. The population is about 61% indigenous or Amerindian, 34% Mestizo or ladino and 5% European. Quetzaltenango is located in a mountain valley at an elevation of 2,330 metres above sea level at its lowest part. It may reach above 2,400 metres within the city.
There are two main seasons in Quetzaltenango (as in all of Guatemala); the rainy season, which generally runs from late May through late October, and the dry season, which runs from early November until April. During the rainy season, rain falls consistently, usually in the afternoons, but there are occasions in which it rains all day long or at least during the morning. During the dry season, the city frequently will not receive a single drop of rain for months on end. Coldest months are November through February, with minimum temperatures averaging 4 °C, and maximum temperatures averaging 22 °C. Warmest months are March through July, with minimum temperatures averaging 8 °C and maximum temperatures averaging 23 °C.
See also International Telephone Calls
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