Sao Luis is the capital of the northeastern Brazilian state of Maranhão. The city is located on Ilha de São Luís (Saint Louis' Island) in the Baía de São Marcos (Saint Mark's Bay), an extension of the Atlantic Ocean which forms the estuary of Pindaré, Mearim, Itapecuru and other rivers. São Luís, created originally as Saint-Louis, is the only Brazilian state capital founded by France (see France Équinoxiale) and it is one of the three Brazilian state capitals located on islands (the others are Vitória and Florianópolis).
The city of São Luís experiences a tropical monsoon climate with a short dry season from August to November. During this period when the equatorial rainband associated with the highly seasonalized positioning of the Intertropical Convergence Zone is not over the city, warm to hot temperatures and abundant equatorial sunshine prevail. Conversely, the humid, rainy wet season dominates the remaining majority of the year, with abundant cloud cover prevalent and heavy rains falling from December to July, with the heaviest rainfall and highest cloud cover from January to May. The cloudiest month of the year is March with a monthly average of 107 hours of bright sunshine throughout the month, while the sunniest month of the year is August with a monthly average of 260 hours of sunshine throughout the month. The wettest month is April with an average monthly total of 476 mm of precipitation, while the driest month is October with an average total of average precipitation total of 8 mm.
|Avg Max||30 °C||29.4 °C||29.4 °C||29.6 °C||30.1 °C||30.4 °C||30.2 °C||30.7 °C||31 °C||31.2 °C||31.4 °C||31.1 °C|
|Avg Min||22.3 °C||23.1 °C||23 °C||23.1 °C||23.1 °C||22.9 °C||22.6 °C||23 °C||23.5 °C||23.7 °C||24 °C||22.9 °C|
|Rainfall||255.6 mm||381.9 mm||422.1 mm||472.6 mm||319.8 mm||170.5 mm||137.6 mm||32 mm||20 mm||10.7 mm||10.5 mm||91.8 mm|
Marechal Cunha Machado International Airport (IATA: SLZ, ICAO: SBSL), formerly called Tirirical Airport, is the airport serving São Luís, and offers flights to/from Belo Horizonte-Confins, Belém, Fortaleza, Campinas͵ Teresina, Brasília, Manaus, Recife, Rio Branco, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, Rio de Janeiro-Santos Dumont, Salvador da Bahia, Santarém, São Paulo-Guarulhos, São Paulo-Congonhas and Imperatriz.
|Litoranea Praia Hotel||Av. Litoranea Lote10, #10 Praia do Calhao||HOTEL||-|
|Pousada Tambau||Av. Litoranea, 1183||GUESTHOUSE||-|
|Hostel Blue Sleep||-Via Acesso Joao Roman, 445||Hostel||-|
Internet cafes (Lan houses) are increasingly common, and even small towns often have at least one spot with more or less decent connections.
An increasing number of hotels, airports and shopping malls also offer hotspots for Wi-Fi with your laptop computer or of course smartphone. Sometimes it is free, sometimes you need to register and there is a time limite and sometimes you need to pay a small amount for (day) use.
See also International Telephone Calls
The country calling code to Brazil is: 55. To make an international call from , the code is: 0014. All cities use the following emergency numbers: 190 (police), 192 (medical) and 193 (fire department). However, if you dial 911 or 112 while in Brazil, you will be redirected to the police.
Brazil uses two-digit area codes, and phone numbers are eight digits long. Numbers beginning with digits 2 to 5 are land lines, while eight-digit numbers beginning with digits 6 to 9 are mobile phones.
Public payphones use disposable prepaid cards, which come with 20, 40, 60 or 75 credits. The discount for buying cards with larger denominations is marginal. Phone booths are nearly everywhere, and all cards can be used in all booths, regardless of the owner phone company. Cards can be bought from many small shops, and almost all news agents sell them.
Brazil has 4 national mobile operators: Vivo (Telefónica Group), Claro (Telmex/América Móvil Group), OI and TIM (Telecom Italia Group), all of them running GSM and HSDPA/HSPA+ networks. Pay-as-you-go (pré-pago) SIM cards for GSM phones are widely available in places like newsstands, drugstores, supermarkets, retail shops, etc.
Correios is the national postal service of Brazil. It is a government run postal service and overseen by the Brazilian Ministry of Communications. Post offices are generally open from Monday to Friday from 09:00am to 5:00pm, although post offices located in shopping malls have their own opening hours, usually from 10:00am to 10:00pm. There are no set opening hours at weekends and as post office owners can choose when to open and close. More and more post offices are open until 1:00pm on Saturdays though. You can check things at the nearest post office.
Sending postcards, letters and parcels is a rather straightforward process and services are reliable, though not overly fast when sending post internationally, mostly taking about a week to the USA and Europe, and there is a track-and-trace service for this as well. Domestically, there are both next day as well as more expensive same day delivery options. Stamps are available at post offices, as well as some kiosks or other places where they sell postcards.
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