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São Tomé is the capital since 1852 and largest city of Sao Tome and Principe and has a total population of about 65,000 inhabitants. The town is located on Ana Chaves Bay in the northeast of São Tomé Island and was founded by Portugal in 1485. It is by far the largest place in the island nation and is the administrative, economical and cultural hart, as well as a major port for both cargo and passengers. The town is centred around a sixteenth century cathedral and several other monumental buildings exist in the city, like the fortification and the national museum.
Located along the equator, Sao Tome has a climate typical for this region. The city has high temperatures, high humidity, heavy rainfall, and much cloud around the year. Annual rainfall is around 2000 mm. June to September is the driest period of the year with some showers. During most of the rest of the year, rainfall is high, with two rainy seasons: one from March to May, the other in October and November. December to February is fairly dry as well, but with some more showers compared to June-September. Temperatures are around 30 degrees Celsius year round during the day, and around or above 20 degrees Celsius at night with extremely little variation.
To Sao Tome there are flights with TAP Air Portugal to and from Lisbon and with TAAG Angola Airlines to and from Luanda in Angola and to Cape Verde. Air Luxor flies to Lisbon once a week. Aero Contractors serves Lagos in Nigeria.
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