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Scandinavia is a group of countries in northern Europe that officially includes Norway, Denmark and Sweden. Many people also consider Finland and Iceland to be a part of Scandinavia, though this is technically not the case. They are, however, nordic like the Scandinavian countries.
Scandinavia is somewhat hard to define geographically, since it is first and foremost a cultural and linguistic concept. Under the latter concept, Denmark is included. However, the geographic definition of Scandinavia only includes mainland Norway and Sweden (and part of Finland), as Denmark is considered a part of northern Europe.
The geography of Scandinavia is extremely varied. Notable are the Norwegian fjords, the Scandinavian Mountains, the flat, low areas in Denmark, and the archipelagos of Sweden and Norway. Sweden has many lakes and moraines, legacies of the ice age.
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