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Introduction

Sergipe is the smallest state in Brazil, located along the Atlantic in the northeast of the country. It borders on two other states, Bahia to the south and west and Alagoas to the north, and to the east is the Atlantic Ocean.

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Geography

As with most of the states in northeastern Brazil, inland Sergipe is almost entirely savanna (caatinga), and its coastline is characterized by mangroves, swamps and sandy beaches. A small strip of tropical rainforest runs down the coast. The São Francisco River forms its northern boundary, and the drainage of the northern part of the state is northward and eastward to that river. The southern half of the state slopes eastward and is drained directly into the Atlantic through a number of small rivers, the largest of which are the Irapiranga (whose source in the state of Bahia is called Vaza Barris at its mouth), the Real and the Cotinguiba. These streams are navigable for short distances, but are obstructed by sandbars at their mouths; because of these, there are no good ports on the coast. The surface of the state resembles, in part, that of Bahia, with a zone of forested lands near the coast and beyond this forested zone lies a higher zone of rough open country, called agreste. There is a sandy belt along the coast, and the western frontier is slightly mountainous. The land in between is very fertile, especially in the forested region where the rainfall is abundant. Further inland, the year is divided into wet and dry seasons with occasional prolonged droughts. These are pastoral areas, and the lower fertile lands are cultivated.

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Cities

  • Aracaju - the capital and largest city

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Getting There

By Plane

Aracaju–Santa Maria Airport (IATA: AJU, ICAO: SBAR) is the airport serving Aracaju, and has connections to/from Brasília, Belo Horizonte-Confins, Campinas, Fernando de Noronha, Maceió, Natal, Recife, Salvador da Bahia, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, São Paulo-Congonhas, São Paulo-Guarulhos and Fortaleza.

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Sergipe Travel Helpers

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This is version 2. Last edited at 12:14 on May 25, 16 by Utrecht. 3 articles link to this page.

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