Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics, and including several countries. The region was formerly also known as South Africa, but this term is now used in English only for one of those countries, the Republic of South Africa.
The terrain of Southern Africa is varied, ranging from forest and grasslands to deserts. The region has both low-lying coastal areas, and mountains.
In terms of natural resources, the region has the world's largest resources of platinum and the platinum group elements, chromium, vanadium, and cobalt, as well as uranium, gold, titanium, iron and diamonds.
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